Erythrae


Erythrae
Ancient city of Lydia.

Located on the Aegean coast opposite the island of Chios, it was one of the 12 Ionian Cities. The original site of the settlement is uncertain, but from the 4th century BC it was located at modern Ildır, where traces of the wall circuit, theatre, and citadel are visible. It took various sides in 5th century BC Greek politics, came under Persian control, and was freed by Alexander the Great in 334 BC. A free city in the Roman province of Asia, it was noted for its wine and goats, as well as its prophetic Sibyls, Herophile and Athenais.

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▪ ancient city, Turkey
      ancient Ionic city on the Mimas (now Kara Burun) peninsula in western Turkey. The original site of traditionally Cretan and later Ionian settlement is uncertain, but from the 4th century BC the city was located at modern Ildir, where traces of the wall circuit, theatre, and citadel are visible.

      About 453 BC Erythrae, refusing to pay tribute, seceded from the Delian League. A garrison and a new government restored the union, but late in the Peloponnesian War (412 BC) it revolted again with Chios and Clazomenae. Freed from Persian rule by Alexander in 334, it supported the diadochos Antigonus I Monophthalmus. A free city in the Roman province of Asia, Erythrae was noted for its wine, goats, timber, and millstones, as well as its prophetic sibyls, Herophile and Athenais.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Erythrae — or Erythrai ( el. Ἐρυθραί) later Litri, was one of the twelve Ionian cities of Asia Minor, situated 22 km north east of the port of Cyssus (modern name: Çeşme), on a small peninsula stretching into the Bay of Erythrae, at an equal distance from… …   Wikipedia

  • Erythrae — • A titular see in Asia Minor. According to legend the city was founded by colonists from Crete Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006. Erythrae     Erythrae      …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Erythrae — ist ein Titularbistum der römisch katholischen Kirche. Erythrae oder Erythrai (griechisch: Ἐρυθραί) heißt heute Litri, sie war eine der zwölf ionischen Städte Kleinasiens, die sich nord östlich des Hafens Cyssus (Çeşme) und direkt gegenüber der… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • ERYTHRAE — civitas Asiae, non longe a Chio, ex qua Sibylla fuit, quam a patriâ Erythraeam vocant. De qua vide Euseb. l. 5. Lactant. Div. Inst. l. 1. c. 6. et de Ira Dei, c. 22. August. de Civ. D. l. 18. c. 23. Casaub. Exercit. in Baron. ut et Serv. in illud …   Hofmann J. Lexicon universale

  • Erythrae (Titularbistum) — Erythrae (ital.: Eritre) ist ein Titularbistum der römisch katholischen Kirche. Es geht zurück auf einen untergegangenen Bischofssitz in Erythrae oder Erythrai (griechisch: Ἐρυθραί, später Litri), eine der zwölf ionischen Städte Kleinasiens, die… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Sibyl — The word sibyl probably comes (via Latin) from the Greek word sibylla , meaning prophetess. (Other schools of thought suggest that the word may have come from Arabic.) The earlier oracular seeresses known as the sibyls of antiquity, who… …   Wikipedia

  • ancient Greek civilization — ▪ historical region, Eurasia Introduction       the period following Mycenaean civilization, which ended in about 1200 BC, to the death of Alexander the Great, in 323 BC. It was a period of political, philosophical, artistic, and scientific… …   Universalium

  • Chios — Χίος Satellite image of Chios Location …   Wikipedia

  • OARACTA — quae et Oroacta et Οὐράχθα, Insul. sinus Persici Marciano Heracleotae in Periplo Carmaniae, haud longe ab ostiis flumin. Addanis, memoratur: in qua sepulchrum Erythrae Regis, qui nomen fecit mari, notat Arrianus in Indic. circa fin. Dionysius… …   Hofmann J. Lexicon universale

  • Pericles — Infobox Military Person name= Pericles caption= Marble portrait bust of Pericles mdash; Roman copy of an original portrait by Kresilas (British Museum, London) allegiance= Athens rank= General (Strategos) commands= nickname= lived= ca. 495 – 429… …   Wikipedia


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