Erigena, John Scotus


Erigena, John Scotus
Latin Johannes Scotus Eriugena

born 1810, Ireland
died с 877

Irish-born theologian, translator, and commentator.

In his philosophical system, which came to be known as Scotism, he attempted to integrate Greek and Neoplatonist philosophy with Christian belief in such works as On Predestination (851), which was condemned by church authorities. On the Division of Nature (862–66) tries to reconcile Neoplatonism with the Christian doctrine of creation; for its pantheistic implications, it too was condemned. His Latin translations of major works of Greek patristic literature made them accessible to Western thinkers. Remembered for the nonconformity of his thought, he is said to have been stabbed to death by his students with their pens for attempting to make them think.

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▪ Irish philosopher
also called  Johannes Scotus Eriugena  
born 810, Ireland
died c. 877

      theologian, translator, and commentator on several earlier authors in works centring on the integration of Greek and Neoplatonist philosophy with Christian belief.

      From about 845, Erigena lived at the court of the West Frankish king Charles II the Bald, near Laon (now in France), first as a teacher of grammar and dialectics. He participated in theological disputes over the Eucharist and predestination and set forth his position on the latter in De predestinatione (851; “On Predestination”), a work condemned by church authorities. Erigena's translations of the works of Pseudo-Dionysius the Areopagite, St. Maximus the Confessor, St. Gregory of Nyssa, and St. Epiphanius, commissioned by Charles, made those Greek patristic writings accessible to Western thinkers.

      Erigena's familiarity with dialectics and with the ideas of his theological predecessors was reflected in his principal work, De divisione naturae (862–866; “On the Division of Nature”), an attempt to reconcile the Neoplatonist doctrine of emanation with the Christian tenet of creation. The work classifies nature into (1) that which creates and is not created; (2) that which creates and is created; (3) that which does not create and is created; and (4) that which does not create and is not created. The first and the fourth are God as beginning and end; the second and third are the dual mode of existence of created beings (the intelligible and the sensible). The return of all creatures to God begins with release from sin, physical death, and entry into the life hereafter. Man, for Erigena, is a microcosm of the universe because he has senses to perceive the world, reason to examine the intelligible natures and causes of things, and intellect to contemplate God. Through sin man's animal nature has predominated, but through redemption man becomes reunited with God.

      Though highly influential upon Erigena's successors, notably the Western mystics and the 13th-century Scholastics, De divisione naturae eventually suffered condemnation by the church because of its pantheistic implications. The works of Erigena are in J.-P. Migne's Patrologia Latina, Vol. 122.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Erigena,John Scotus — E·rig·e·na (ĭ rĭjʹə nə, rēʹjə ) or Er·iu·ge·na (ĕr yo͞oʹjə ), John Scotus. 810? 877?. Irish born theologian and philosopher who sought to reconcile Neo Platonism and Christian belief in his principal work, On the Division of Nature (862 866). * * …   Universalium

  • Erigena, John Scotus — (c. 810–c. 77)    Theologian.    Erigena was born in Ireland, and, under the patronage of Charles the Bald of France, he participated in the European doctrinal debates of the time. He is remembered for his translations of the works of Pseudo… …   Who’s Who in Christianity

  • John Scotus Eriugena —     John Scotus Eriugena     † Catholic Encyclopedia ► John Scotus Eriugena     An Irish teacher, theologian, philosopher, and poet, who lived in the ninth century.     NAME     Eriugena s contemporaries invariably refer to him as Joannes Scottus …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Erigena, or Scotus, John — (fl. 850)    Philosopher, b. in Scotland or Ireland, was employed at the Court of Charles the Bald, King of France. He was a pantheistic mystic, and made translations from the Alexandrian philosophers. He was bold in the exposition of his… …   Short biographical dictionary of English literature

  • Eriugena, John Scotus — • Article by William Turner recounts this scholar s life and influence, and evaluates his teachings Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006. Eriugena, John Scotus      …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Scotus — /skoh teuhs/, n. John Duns. See Duns Scotus, John. * * * (as used in expressions) Duns Scotus John Erigena John Scotus Johannes Scotus Eriugena * * * …   Universalium

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  • Erigena — biographical name John Scotus circa 810 circa 877 Scottish (Irish born) philosopher & theologian …   New Collegiate Dictionary


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