- Eolie Islands
Volcanic island group, Tyrrhenian Sea.Located off the northern coast of Sicily, the seven major islands and several islets have a total land area of 34 sq mi (88 sq km). The main islands are Alicudi, Stromboli, Vulcano, Lipari (the largest; 13 sq mi [34 sq km]), Salina, Filicudi, and Panarea. Vulcano and Stromboli are active volcanoes. The Greeks believed the islands to be the home of the god Aeolus, who kept the winds confined in one of their caves. They have been inhabited since the Neolithic Period (New Stone Age) and were held successively by the Greeks, Carthaginians, Romans, Saracens, Normans, and Aragonese.
* * *▪ islands, ItalyItalian Isole Eolie, Latin Insulae Aeoliae, also called Aeolian Islands, or Lipari Islandsvolcanic group in the Tyrrhenian Sea (of the Mediterranean) off the north coast of Sicily, Italy. The group, with a total land area of 34 square miles (88 square km), consists of seven major islands and several islets lying in a general “Y” shape. The base of the “Y” is formed by the westernmost island, Alicudi, the northern tip by Stromboli, and the southern tip by Vulcano. The other major islands are Lipari, Salina, Filicudi, and Panarea.The islands represent the summits of a submerged mountain chain rising to 3,156 feet (962 metres) on Salina. Seismic and volcanic activity has been known since ancient times, and the Greeks believed the islands to be the home of Aeolus, king of the winds, whence their name. Vulcano and Stromboli are active and there are fumaroles on Lipari and Panarea.Excavations in the 20th century have established an uninterrupted archaeological record from the Neolithic period (7000–3000 BC). The volcanic obsidian, the islands' principal export in prehistoric times, has been detected as far east as Crete. Panarea has remains of a Bronze Age village (dating from 3000 BC). The Greeks established themselves in the islands early in the 6th century BC. Later there was a Carthaginian naval station, until the Romans took over in 252 BC. In Roman times, as in the Fascist era prior to World War II in the 20th century, the islands served as a place of banishment for political prisoners. In early medieval times they were conquered by the Saracens, who were expelled by the Normans in the 11th century. The Eolie Islands frequently changed hands between the Angevins of Naples and the Sicilian kings in the 14th century. Alfonso V of Aragon annexed them to Naples, but Ferdinand II of Aragon finally united them to Sicily in the late 15th century.Pumice is exported from the islands, and the principal agricultural product is a heavy malmsey-type wine from Lipari. There are alum quarries on Vulcano. Lipari, the chief town of the islands, is the seat of a bishop and of the important Aeolian archaeological museum; much of the remaining population is concentrated in the three towns on Lipari. Stromboli's continuously active volcano is a noted tourist attraction. There is regular steamer service to Milazzo, Messina, and Naples, and in summer a hydrofoil service to Palermo.
* * *
Look at other dictionaries:
Eolie Islands (Italy) — Hotels: Agave Residence Lipari (Lipari) Arciduca Grand Hotel Lipari (Lipari) Aura Hotel Vulcano (Vulcano Island) Best Western Lisca Bianca Hotel Panarea (Panarea) … International hotels
La Sciara Hotel Stromboli (Eolie Islands) — La Sciara Hotel Stromboli country: Italy, city: Eolie Islands (Stromboli) La Sciara Hotel Stromboli Located on one of the most beautiful and panoramic part of Island Stromboli, the hotel La Sciara is one with every kind of particular detail and… … International hotels
Villa Augustus Hotel Lipari (Eolie Islands) — Villa Augustus Hotel Lipari country: Italy, city: Eolie Islands (Lipari) Villa Augustus Hotel Lipari The Villa Augustus Hotel Lipari is located just a few miles away from the white beaches and at a short walk from the main seaport. It is a… … International hotels
Best Western Lisca Bianca Hotel Panarea (Eolie Islands) — Best Western Lisca Bianca Hotel Panarea country: Italy, city: Eolie Islands (Panarea) Best Western Lisca Bianca Hotel Panarea Best Western Lisca Bianca Hotel Panarea is situated on a panoramic spot, in front of a small tourist harbour. Built… … International hotels
Agave Residence Lipari (Eolie Islands) — Agave Residence Lipari country: Italy, city: Eolie Islands (Lipari) Agave Residence Lipari Agave Residence is found right in the heart of the old centre of Lipari. With its hand painted ceilings and views of the rooftops of old Lipari, the… … International hotels
Arciduca Grand Hotel Lipari (Eolie Islands) — Arciduca Grand Hotel Lipari country: Italy, city: Eolie Islands (Lipari) Arciduca Grand Hotel Lipari Arciduca Grand Hotel is located the historical centre of Lipari. It is at easy access from the port and docking of the hydrofoils, the spiaggetta … International hotels
Aura Hotel Vulcano (Eolie Islands) — Aura Hotel Vulcano country: Italy, city: Eolie Islands (Vulcano Island) Aura Hotel Vulcano Aura Hotel Vulcano is located close to the city centre, port, the sea as well as several other area attractions. Built in typical Mediterranean style and… … International hotels
Villa Meligunis Lipari (Eolie Islands) — Villa Meligunis Lipari country: Italy, city: Eolie Islands (Lipari) Villa Meligunis Lipari Villa Meligunis Hotel is situated in the ancient fishermen s quarter, one of the most suggestive places of the old centre of Lipari. An exclusive hotel, it … International hotels
Aeolian Islands — Infobox World Heritage Site WHS = Isole Eolie (Aeolian Islands) State Party = ITA Type = Natural Criteria = viii ID = 908 Region = Europe and North America Year = 2000 Session = 24th Link = http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/908The Aeolian Islands… … Wikipedia
Lipari Islands — or Italian Isole Eolie geographical name islands Italy in SE Tyrrhenian Sea off NE Sicily area about 45 square miles (117 square kilometers) see Stromboli … New Collegiate Dictionary