El Morro National Monument


El Morro National Monument
National monument, west-central New Mexico, U.S. Established in 1906, it has an area of 2 sq mi (5 sq km).

El Morro, or Inscription Rock, is a soft sandstone mesa rising 200 ft (60 m) above the valley floor and covering several acres. Indians, Spaniards, and Americans left their inscriptions (1605–1774) on the cliff sides of the mesa. El Morro also has a number of pre-Columbian petroglyphs, and on its top lie ruins of Zuni Indian pueblos.

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      rock formation and archaeological site in west-central New Mexico, U.S., 12 miles (19 km) southeast of Ramah. The monument was established in 1906 and has an area of 2 square miles (5 square km).

      El Morro (the “Headlands,” or “Bluff”), or Inscription Rock, is a soft sandstone mesa (cuesta) rising 200 feet (60 metres) above the valley floor. A water catchment basin and sheltered coves at its foot made it an important camping place on the trail to the fabled cities of Cíbola (Cíbola, Seven Cities of). Indians, Spaniards, and Americans left hundreds of inscriptions (1605–1906) on the cliff sides of the mesa. The best-known of these inscriptions was left by the Spanish conquistador Juan de Oñate (Oñate, Juan de) when he passed through the region in 1605. El Morro also has a number of pre-Columbian petroglyphs, and on its top lie ruins of two Ancestral Pueblo (Ancestral Pueblo culture) (Anasazi) pueblos.

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Universalium. 2010.

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