Ekron


Ekron
Canaanite and Philistine city in ancient Palestine.

It was one of the five cities of the Philistine Pentapolis and was located in what is now central Israel. Though allocated to Judah after the Israelite conquest, it was a Philistine stronghold in the time of King David; it was later associated with the worship of the deity Baalzebub. Taken by Egypt (с 918 BC), it paid tribute to Assyria in the 7th century BC. The city was known as Akkaron from Hellenistic times.

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▪ ancient city, Israel
      ancient Canaanite and Philistine city, one of the five cities of the Philistine pentapolis, and currently identified with Tel Miqne (Arabic: Khirbat al-Muqannaʿ), south of the settlement of Mazkeret Batya, central Israel. Although it was allocated to Judah after the Israelite conquest (Joshua 15:11), Ekron was a Philistine stronghold in David's time (1 Samuel 17:52); during the time of King Ahaziah of Israel, it was associated with the worship of the deity Baalzebub (“Baal of the Flies”; though some would read instead Baal-zebul, or “Baal of the Abode”; 2 Kings 1:2–18). Taken by Egyptian Pharaoh Sheshonk I, the biblical Shishak, in the course of his conquest of Palestine (c. 918 BC), it was later tributary to Esarhaddon and his son Ashurbanipal, kings of Assyria (7th century BC). The city was known as Akkaron, or Accaron, in Hellenistic and later times, and the church historian Eusebius of Caesarea (fl. 4th century) mentions the existence of a Jewish population there during his lifetime.

      By the late Middle Ages, Ekron had been abandoned; unlike other Philistine cities, such as Ashqelon, or Ashdod, no tell (or mound) bore its name throughout the centuries, though it survived in the Arab village of ʿAqir, which was first identified with Ekron by the 19th-century American biblical scholar Edward Robinson. In 1883 Baron Edmond de Rothschild founded a Jewish settlement adjoining ʿAqir, which he named Mazkeret Batya (Hebrew: “Memorial [to] Batya”), in honour of his mother; the name Ekron (now officially Qiryat ʿEqron) was subsequently given to an adjoining new immigrants' settlement, established in 1949. However, the names ʿEqron and ʿAqir are still often used for the older settlement.

      Another site suggested by some scholars for ancient Ekron is Qidron (Arabic: Qatra), 3 miles (5 km) south of Mazkeret Batya.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • EKRON — (Heb. עֶקְרוֹן), one of the capital cities of the Philistine Pentapolis. According to the Bible, Joshua allotted it to the tribe of Dan on its northeastern border with Judah (Josh. 15:11, 45–46; 19:43), and Judges 1:18 relates that it was… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Ekron — Ekron, KY U.S. city in Kentucky Population (2000): 170 Housing Units (2000): 69 Land area (2000): 0.113426 sq. miles (0.293771 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.000000 sq. miles (0.000000 sq. km) Total area (2000): 0.113426 sq. miles (0.293771 sq. km) …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places

  • Ekron, KY — U.S. city in Kentucky Population (2000): 170 Housing Units (2000): 69 Land area (2000): 0.113426 sq. miles (0.293771 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.000000 sq. miles (0.000000 sq. km) Total area (2000): 0.113426 sq. miles (0.293771 sq. km) FIPS code …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places

  • Ekron — (a. Geogr.), so v.w. Akaron …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Ekron — Ekron, die nordöstlichste der fünf Hauptstädte der Philister, auf der Grenze von Juda, verehrte den Fliegengott Baal Sebub (Beelzebub, s. d.). E. wird unter diesem Namen noch in den Kreuzzügen erwähnt. Jetzt liegt dort Akir, 9 km südwestlich von… …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Ekron — Ekron, Akkaron, die nördlichste der fünf Hauptstädte der Philister, erst unter den Makkabäern jüdisch …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

  • Ekron — Ekron,   Vulgata: Accaron, die nördlichste der fünf Philisterstädte, 701 v. Chr. von Sanherib erobert; gehörte erst unter den Makkabäern zu Juda (1. Makkabäer 10, 89); vermutlich identisch mit Khirbet el Muqanna, etwa 20 km westlich von Aschdod …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Ekron — otheruses1|the Philistine cityThe city of Ekron ( he. עֶקְרוֹן Unicode| ʿeqrōn , also transliterated Accaron ) was one of the five cities of the famed Philistine pentapolis, located in southwestern Canaan. During the Iron Age, Ekron was a border… …   Wikipedia

  • Ekron — ist eine in der Bibel genannte Stadt der Philister. Inhaltsverzeichnis 1 Ausgrabungen …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Ekron — Éqron …   Wikipédia en Français


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