- Dutch language
West Germanic language spoken by more than 20 million people in The Netherlands, northern Belgium, and a small corner of northern France; it is also an official language in Suriname and the Netherlands Antilles.Though English-speakers are accustomed to calling the main Germanic language of The Netherlands "Dutch" and that of Belgium "Flemish," the two are regarded as the same language, called Nederlands in both countries, where efforts have been made to unify spelling and literary usage. Many Dutch-speakers command both a local dialect and Standard Dutch, based approximately on the speech of the major urban centres of North Holland and South Holland. "Flemish" (or Dutch in Belgium) has its own phonetic and lexical regionalisms.
* * *a West Germanic language (West Germanic languages) that is the national language of The Netherlands and, with French (French language), one of the two official languages of Belgium. Although speakers of English usually call the language of The Netherlands “Dutch” and the language of Belgium “Flemish,” they are actually the same language.Dutch, which occurs in both standard and dialectal forms, is the language of most of The Netherlands, of northern Belgium, and of a relatively small part of France along the North Sea, immediately to the west of Belgium. Dutch is also used as the language of administration in Suriname and on the islands of Curaçao, Sint Maarten, Aruba, Bonaire, Saba, and Sint Eustatius, which together once made up an entity called Netherlands Antilles. Afrikaans (Afrikaans language), which is a derivative of Dutch, is one of the official languages of South Africa.In the European Middle Ages, the language was called Dietsc, or Duutsc, historically equivalent to German Deutsch and meaning simply “language of the people,” as contrasted with Latin, which was the language of religion and learning. The form Duutsc was borrowed into English and gives modern “Dutch.” The official name of the language is Nederlands, or Netherlandic. In The Netherlands it is also called Hollands (Hollandish), reflecting the fact that the standard language is based largely on the dialect of the old province of Holland (now North Holland and South Holland).The spoken language exists in a great many varieties. Standard Dutch (Standaardnederlands or Algemeen Nederlands) is used for public and official purposes, including instruction in schools and universities. A wide variety of local dialects are used in informal situations, such as among family, friends, and others from the same village (these exist in far more variety than does the English of North America). Standard Dutch is characterized grammatically by the loss of case endings in the noun.In Belgium efforts were made to give Dutch equal status with French, which had assumed cultural predominance during the period of French rule (1795–1814). In 1938 Dutch was made the sole official language of the northern part of Belgium.The use of Standard Dutch together with the local dialect is much more widespread among the people of The Netherlands than it is in Belgium. The dialects of the area bounded roughly by Amsterdam, The Hague (Hague, The), and Rotterdam are closer to Standard Dutch than are those of the other dialect areas.Together with English (English language), Frisian (Frisian language), and German (German language), Dutch is a West Germanic language. It derives from Low Franconian, the speech of the Western Franks, which was restructured through contact with speakers of North Sea Germanic along the coast (Flanders, Holland) about 700 CE. The earliest documents in the Dutch language date from approximately the end of the 12th century, although a few glosses, names, and occasional words appeared somewhat earlier.
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Dutch language — Dutch Nederlands Pronunciation [ˈneːdərlɑnts] ( listen) … Wikipedia
Dutch Language Union — Nederlandse Taalunie (Dutch) … Wikipedia
Dutch language and literature — Dutch belongs to the Western Germanic section of the Indo European family of languages. The language is spoken in the Netherlands, part of Belgium (Flan ders), and a small part of northwestern France, as well as in the Netherlands Antilles and … Historical Dictionary of the Netherlands
Names for the Dutch language — Because of the turbulent history of both the Netherlands and Belgium (mostly because of the frequent change of economic and military power within the Low Countries), the names that other peoples have chosen to use to refer to the Dutch language… … Wikipedia
Wordlist of the Dutch language — The Wordlist of the Dutch language, because of its colour better known as the Green Booklet (Groene Boekje) is the publication of the Dutch Language Union (Nederlandse Taalunie) and includes an overview of the correct official spelling of the… … Wikipedia
List of Dutch language films — This is a list of films in the Dutch language (Dutch titles in brackets). * Alice in Glamourland (Ellis in Glamourland) * All Things Pass (Voorbij, voorbij) * The Alzheimer Case (De Zaak Alzheimer) * Antonia s Line (Antonia) * Black Book… … Wikipedia
List of Pennsylvania Dutch language poets — List of Pennsylvania Dutch language poets. This is a list of poets who write, or wrote, in Pennsylvania Dutch.M*Henry MeyerZ*Calvin Ziegler … Wikipedia
Dutch literature — comprises all writings of literary merit written through the ages in the Dutch language, a language which currently has around 23 million native speakers. Dutch literature is not restricted to the Netherlands, Flanders (Belgium), Suriname and the … Wikipedia
Dutch East Indies — Dutch colony ← … Wikipedia
Dutch American — Nederlandse Amerikanen … Wikipedia