Dutch Republic


Dutch Republic
officially Republic of the United Netherlands

Former state (1581–1795), about the size of the modern kingdom of The Netherlands.

It consisted of the seven northern Netherlands provinces that formed the Union of Utrecht in 1579 and declared independence from Spain in 1581 (finally achieved in 1648). Political control shifted between the province of Holland and the princes of Orange. In the 17th century the Dutch Republic developed into a world colonial empire far out of proportion to its resources, emerging as a centre of international finance and a cultural capital of Europe. In the 18th century the republic's colonial empire was eclipsed by that of England. In 1795 the Dutch Republic collapsed under the impact of a Dutch democratic revolution and invading French armies.

* * *

▪ historical state, Europe
formally  Republic of the United Netherlands , Dutch  Republiek der Verenigde Nederlanden 

      (1588–1795), state whose area comprised approximately that of the present Kingdom of The Netherlands and which achieved a position of world power in the 17th century. The republic consisted of the seven northern Netherlands provinces that won independence from Spain from 1568 to 1609, and it grew out of the Union of Utrecht (1579), which was designed to improve the military capability of its signatories within the larger union of the rebelling provinces. As the southern provinces (later Belgium and Luxembourg) were recovered by Spain, however, the provinces bound by the Utrecht pact became a new, independent state.

      For the next two centuries political control of the decentralized state shifted repeatedly between the province of Holland and the princes of Orange, who held the office of stadtholder and represented a greater degree of centralization. This internal political stress, however, did not prevent the ascendancy of the Dutch Republic in the 17th century. In this “Golden Age” the republic developed a world colonial empire far out of proportion to its resources, played a notable role in the coalition wars against Louis XIV of France, emerged as a centre of international finance, and served as a notable cultural centre.

      The republic experienced a decline in the 18th century. It was exhausted by its long land wars, its fleet was in a state of neglect, and its colonial empire stagnated and was eclipsed by that of England. In 1795 the republic collapsed under the impact of a Dutch democratic revolution and invading French armies.

* * *


Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Dutch Republic — United Netherlands redirects here. For other uses, see United Netherlands (disambiguation). Republic of the Seven United Netherlands / Seven Provinces Republiek der Zeven Verenigde Nederlanden / Zeven Provinciën Confederal Republic …   Wikipedia

  • Dutch Republic — the Netherlands, sometimes called Holland …   Eponyms, nicknames, and geographical games

  • Dutch Republic Lion — The Dutch Republic Lion (also known as States Lion) was the badge of the Union of Utrecht, the Republic of the Seven United Netherlands and is a precursor of the current coat of arms of the Kingdom the Netherlands. Contents 1 Origin 2 New States… …   Wikipedia

  • Financial history of the Dutch Republic — describes the history of the interrelated development of financial institutions in the Dutch Republic. The rapid economic development of the country after the Dutch Revolt in the years 1585 1620, described in Economic History of the Netherlands… …   Wikipedia

  • List of ships of the line of the Dutch Republic — This is a list of Dutch (United Provinces of the Netherlands) sailing warships: The Dutch were often handicapped by the smaller size of their ships relative to the vessels of other nations, particularly those of England and France. This was due… …   Wikipedia

  • Dutch Revolt — Part of Thirty Years War Prince Maurice at the Battle of Nieuwpoort by Pauwels van Hillegaert. Oil on canvas …   Wikipedia

  • Dutch–Portuguese War — Dutch Portuguese War Portuguese Armada vs Chartered Fleets Date 1602–1663 Location …   Wikipedia

  • Dutch literature — comprises all writings of literary merit written through the ages in the Dutch language, a language which currently has around 23 million native speakers. Dutch literature is not restricted to the Netherlands, Flanders (Belgium), Suriname and the …   Wikipedia

  • Dutch Brazilian — Neerlando Brasileiro  · Nederlandse Brazilianen …   Wikipedia

  • Dutch Renaissance and Golden Age literature — is the literature written in the Dutch language in the Low Countries from around 1550 to around 1700. This period saw great political and religious changes as the Reformation spread across Northern and Western Europe and the Netherlands fought… …   Wikipedia


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.