Douglas-Home, Sir Alec


Douglas-Home, Sir Alec
orig. Alexander Frederick later Baron Home (of the Hirsel of Coldstream)

born July 2, 1903, London, Eng.
died Oct. 9, 1995, The Hirsel, Coldstream, Berwickshire, Scot.

British statesman.

A member of the House of Commons (1931–45 and 1950–51), he entered the House of Lords after inheriting the earldom of Home (1951). He served as minister of state for Scotland (1951–55), leader of the House of Lords (1957–60), and foreign secretary (1960–63) before succeeding Harold Macmillan as prime minister in 1963, relinquishing his hereditary titles. He was unable to improve the British balance-of-payments situation and antagonized Conservatives by supporting legislation against price-fixing, but gained U.S. approval as a result of his anti-Communism. After his government fell in 1964, he became Conservative opposition spokesman on foreign affairs and later again foreign secretary (1970–74). In 1974 he was created a life peer.

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▪ 1996

      see Home of the Hirsel, Alexander Frederick Douglas-Home, Baron, of Coldstream (Home of the Hirsel, Alexander Frederick Douglas-Home ).

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▪ prime minister of United Kingdom
also called (1951–63)  Alexander Frederick Douglas-Home, 14th Earl of Home , or (from 1974)  Alexander Frederick Douglas-Home, Baron Home of the Hirsel of Coldstream 
born July 2, 1903, London, Eng.
died Oct. 9, 1995, The Hirsel, Coldstream, Berwickshire, Scot.
 British foreign secretary from 1960 to 1963, prime minister from Oct. 19, 1963, to Oct. 16, 1964, and, after the fall of his government, Conservative opposition spokesman in the House of Commons on foreign affairs. He was also foreign secretary from 1970 to 1974.

      As Lord Dunglass, the courtesy title he held until he succeeded in 1951 to the earldom of Home, he sat in the House of Commons as a Unionist (1931–45, 1950–51). He served as parliamentary private secretary to Prime Minister Neville Chamberlain (1937–39), undersecretary of state for foreign affairs in Winston Churchill's “caretaker” government (May–July 1945), minister of state for Scotland (1951–55), secretary of state for Commonwealth relations (1955–60), deputy leader (1956–57) and leader (1957–60) of the House of Lords, and lord president of the council (1957–60) before his first term as foreign secretary. In October 1963 he disclaimed his peerages for life, took the name Sir Alec Douglas-Home, and succeeded Harold Macmillan as prime minister during a Conservative Party crisis, the most spectacular feature of which was an adultery scandal involving John Dennis Profumo, secretary of state for war from 1960 to 1963.

      Admittedly having slight knowledge of economics, Sir Alec as prime minister was unable to improve the deteriorating British balance-of-payments situation. He antagonized numerous Conservatives by inducing the House of Commons to pass legislation against price-fixing. Both as foreign secretary and as prime minister, he gained U.S. approval for his firm anti-Communism. As chairman of the Commonwealth Prime Ministers' Conference (July 1964), he achieved some compromise between extremist views on racial problems. Throughout his ministry he was faced with the prospect of a forthcoming general election, which took place on Oct. 15, 1964, and brought a Conservative defeat. He was succeeded (July 1965) as party leader by the future prime minister Edward Heath. In December 1974 he was created a life peer, Baron Home of the Hirsel of Coldstream. In 1976 he published his autobiography, The Way the Wind Blows. He also published Border Reflections: Chiefly on the Arts of Shooting and Fishing (1979) and Letters to a Grandson (1983).

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Douglas-Home, Sir Alec — (1903–95)    Born into the Scottish aristocracy, Alec Home became a Member of Parliament in 1931 and soon achieved minor office. He lost his Lanark seat in 1945, regained it five years later but within a year had inherited his father’s title to… …   Glossary of UK Government and Politics

  • Douglas-Home, Sir Alec — orig. Alexander Frederick post. barón Home (del Hirsel de Coldstream) (2 jul. 1903, Londres, Inglaterra–9 oct. 1995, The Hirsel, Coldstream, Berwickshire, Escocia). Estadista británico. Miembro de la Cámara de los Comunes (1931–45 y 1950–51),… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Alec Douglas-Home — (1986) Sir Alexander Frederic Douglas Home, Baron Home of the Hirsel, KT, von 1951 bis 1963 14. Earl of Home (ausgesprochen /hjuːm/ Hume ), (* 2. Juli 1903 in Mayfair, London; † 9. Oktober 1995 in Berwickshire …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • DOUGLAS-HOME (A.) — Alexander (Alec) Frederick HOME 1903 1995 Descendant d’une fort ancienne dynastie écossaise, qui lui vaut, en 1951, d’hériter du titre de quatorzième comte de Home, il brise cette continuité. Mort à quatre vingt douze ans, le 9 octobre 1995, dans …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Alec Douglas-Home — [Alec Douglas Home] (1903–95) a British Conservative politician and ↑Prime Minister (1963–4). He was an ↑MP when he became Lord Home on the death …   Useful english dictionary

  • Alec Douglas-Home — The Right Honourable The Lord Home of the Hirsel KT PC Prime Minister of the United Kingdom …   Wikipedia

  • Home of the Hirsel, Alexander Frederick Douglas-Home — ▪ 1996       BARON, OF COLDSTREAM (SIR ALEC DOUGLAS HOME), British politician and statesman (b. July 2, 1903, London, England d. Oct. 9, 1995, Coldstream, Berwickshire, Scotland), as Sir Alec Douglas Home, served as prime minister from Oct. 19,… …   Universalium

  • Douglas-Home, William — ▪ British playwright born June 3, 1912, Edinburgh, Scot. died Sept. 28, 1992, Kilmeston, Hampshire, Eng.       British playwright who, in four decades, created more than 40 plays, notably light comedies that often were produced on Broadway and… …   Universalium

  • Douglas-Home — /dʌgləs ˈhjum/ (say dugluhs hyoohm) noun Sir Alexander Frederick (Alec, formerly 14th Earl of Home), 1903–95, British politician; renounced his title to sit in House of Commons; prime minister 1963–64 …   Australian English dictionary

  • William Douglas-Home — (3 June 1912 ndash; 28 September 1992) was a tank officer in World War II who was imprisoned for refusing to obey orders, and who later became a successful writer and dramatist.Early lifeFrom an aristocratic family, he was the son of the 13th… …   Wikipedia


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