Domagk, Gerhard


Domagk, Gerhard
born Oct. 30, 1895, Lagow, Brandenburg, Ger.
died April 24, 1964, Burgberg, near Königsfeld, W.Ger.

German bacteriologist and pathologist.

While director of the Bayer Laboratory for Experimental Pathology and Bacteriology, Domagk noticed the antibacterial action of a dye, Prontosil red, against streptococcal infection in mice. Found to be an effective treatment in humans, Prontosil became the first sulfonamide drug. Awarded a Nobel Prize in 1939, Domagk was unable to accept it at the time because of Nazi policy. He also was active in research on tuberculosis and cancer.

* * *

▪ German scientist
born Oct. 30, 1895, Lagow, Brandenburg, Ger.
died April 24, 1964, Burgberg, near Königsfeld, W.Ger.
 German bacteriologist and pathologist who was awarded the 1939 Nobel Prize for Physiology or Medicine for his discovery (announced in 1932) of the antibacterial effects of Prontosil, the first of the sulfonamide drugs.

      Domagk earned a medical degree from the University of Kiel in 1921. After teaching at the universities of Greifswald (1924) and Munich (1925), he became director of the I.G. Farbenindustrie (Bayer) Laboratory for Experimental Pathology and Bacteriology, Wuppertal-Elberfeld. There, inspired by the ideas of Paul Ehrlich, he began testing newly developed dyes for their possible effects against various infections. He noticed the antibacterial action of one of the dyes against streptococcal infection in mice. The dye, Prontosil red, was then tried clinically against streptococcal infections in humans with great success. The active component of Prontosil turned out to be sulfanilamide, which became another important sulfa drug.

      Unable to accept the Nobel award at the time because of Nazi German policy, Domagk later (1947) received the gold medal and diploma. He also was active in research on tuberculosis and cancer.

* * *


Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Domagk , Gerhard — (1895–1964) German biochemist Domagk, who was born in Lagow, now in Poland, graduated in medicine from the University of Kiel in 1921 and began teaching at the University of Greifswald and later at the University of Münster. At this time he… …   Scientists

  • Domagk, Gerhard — ► (1895 1964) Médico alemán. Descubridor de las sulfamidas e investigador de la tuberculosis y del cáncer. Fue premio Nobel de Medicina y Fisiología en 1939, al que tuvo que renunciar por imposición política nazi. * * * (30 oct. 1895, Lagow,… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Domagk, Gerhard — German physician and chemist (1893 1946) who discovered the first sulfa drug, prontosil, which ushered in the era of antibacterial medicine. For more information, see Prontosil …   Medical dictionary

  • Domagk — Domagk, Gerhard …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Gerhard Domagk — Born 30 October 1895 Lagow, Brandenburg Died 24 April 1964 (aged 68) Burgberg …   Wikipedia

  • Domagk — Gerhard Johannes Paul Domagk (* 30. Oktober 1895 in Lagow, Brandenburg; † 24. April 1964 in Königsfeld im Schwarzwald) war ein deutscher Pathologe und Bakteriologe. Inhaltsverzeichnis 1 Leben 2 Auszeichnungen (Auswahl) …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Gerhard Domagk — Nombre Gerhard Johannes Paul Domagk Nacimiento …   Wikipedia Español

  • Gerhard — Gerhard, Roberto * * * (as used in expressions) Domagk, Gerhard Gesell, Gerhard A(lden) Krebs, Edwin (Gerhard) Richter, Gerhard Scharnhorst, Gerhard Johann David von Schröder, Gerhard …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Gerhard — (as used in expressions) Domagk Gerhard Gesell Gerhard Alden Krebs Edwin Gerhard Richter Gerhard Scharnhorst Gerhard Johann David von Schröder Gerhard * * * …   Universalium

  • Gerhard Domagk — Gerhard Johannes Paul Domagk (* 30. Oktober 1895 in Lagow, Brandenburg; † 24. April 1964 in Königsfeld im Schwarzwald) war ein deutscher Pathologe und Bakteriologe und Nobelpreisträger. Inhaltsverzeichnis 1 Leben 2 Auszeichnungen (Auswahl) …   Deutsch Wikipedia


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.