- Dawes General Allotment Act
or Dawes Severalty Act(1887) U.S. land-distribution law proposed by Sen.Henry L. Dawes (1816–1903) of Massachusetts as a way to "civilize" and make farmers of the American Indians. Grants of 80 to 160 acres were offered to each Indian head of household, though actual ownership was withheld for 25 years to guard against sales to speculators. The unintended result was a weakened tribal structure, the inability of many nomadic Indians to adjust to an agrarian existence, and a reservation life of poverty, disease, and despondency. Under the provision that made available for public sale any "surplus" reservation land, whites had acquired two-thirds of the Indian land by 1932.
* * *▪ United States also called Dawes Severalty Act(Feb. 8, 1887), U.S. law providing for the distribution of Indian reservation land among individual tribesmen, with the aim of creating responsible farmers in the white man's image. It was sponsored in several sessions of Congress by Sen. Henry L. Dawes of Massachusetts and finally was enacted in February 1887. Under its terms, the president determined the suitability of the recipients and issued the grants, usually by a formula of 160 acres to each head of household and 80 acres to each unmarried adult, with the stipulation that no grantee could alienate his land for 25 years. The Indians who thus received land became U.S. citizens, subject to federal, state, and local laws. The original supporters of the act were genuinely interested in the welfare of the Indians, but there were not enough votes in Congress to pass it until it was amended to provide that any land remaining after the allotment to the Indians would be available for public sale. The combined influence of friends of the Indians and land speculators assured passage of the act.Under the Dawes Act, Indian life deteriorated in a manner not anticipated by its sponsors. The social structure of the tribe was weakened; many nomadic Indians were unable to adjust to an agricultural existence; others were swindled out of their property; and life on the reservation came to be characterized by disease, filth, poverty, and despondency. The act also provided that any “surplus” land be made available to whites, who by 1932 had acquired two-thirds of the 138,000,000 acres the Indians had held in 1887.
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General Allotment Act — Der General Allotment Act of 1887, auch Dawes Act genannt, war ein US Gesetz, welches das Reservationsland parzellierte. Schon seit 1871 hatte die Regierung der Vereinigten Staaten von Amerika die Stämme der US amerikanischen Ureinwohner… … Deutsch Wikipedia
General Allotment Act of 1887 — Der General Allotment Act of 1887, auch Dawes Act genannt, war ein US Gesetz, welches das Reservationsland parzellierte. Schon seit 1871 hatte die Regierung der Vereinigten Staaten von Amerika die Stämme der US amerikanischen Ureinwohner… … Deutsch Wikipedia
Alaska Native Allotment Act — The Alaska Native Allotment Act of 1906, USStat|34|197, enacted on May 17, 1906, permitted individual Alaska Natives to acquire title to up to 160 acres of land in a manner similar to that afforded to Native Americans in the other states and… … Wikipedia
Allotment — may refer to: * Allotment (gardening), in the United Kingdom, a small area of land, let out at a nominal yearly rent by local government or independent allotment associations, for individuals to grow their own food. * Allotment (financial), a… … Wikipedia
Dawes — /dawz/, n. Charles Gates, 1865 1951, U.S. financier and diplomat: vice president of the U.S. 1925 29; Nobel peace prize 1925. * * * (as used in expressions) Dawes General Allotment Act Dawes Severalty Act Dawes Plan Dawes Charles Gates * * * … Universalium
act — /akt/, n. 1. anything done, being done, or to be done; deed; performance: a heroic act. 2. the process of doing: caught in the act. 3. a formal decision, law, or the like, by a legislature, ruler, court, or other authority; decree or edict;… … Universalium
ACT — 1. American College Test. 2. Association of Classroom Teachers. 3. Australian Capital Territory. * * * (as used in expressions) sacramental act Ballot Act British North America Act Canada Act Constitution Act Civil Rights Act of 1964… … Universalium
general — generalness, n. /jen euhr euhl/, adj. 1. of or pertaining to all persons or things belonging to a group or category: a general meeting of the employees. 2. of, pertaining to, or true of such persons or things in the main, with possible… … Universalium
Dawes (disambiguation) — Dawes may refer to:People: *Beman Gates Dawes, politician and oil executive who served two terms as a Republican Congressman from Ohio *Bill Dawes, an Irish American comedian, actor, and writer *Charles G. Dawes, banker, politician and 30th Vice… … Wikipedia
Dawes — may refer to: Contents 1 People 2 Places 3 Craters 4 Other uses 5 See also … Wikipedia