Daubenton, Louis-Jean-Marie


Daubenton, Louis-Jean-Marie
born May 26, 1716, Montbard, Côte d'Or, Fr.
died Jan. 1, 1800, Paris

French naturalist.

A prolific scientist, he completed many zoological descriptions and dissections and undertook productive studies in the comparative anatomy of recent and fossil animals, plant physiology, and mineralogy. He introduced Merino sheep to France.

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▪ French naturalist
Daubenton also spelled  D'aubenton  
born May 29, 1716, Montbard, Côte d'Or, France
died Jan. 1, 1800, Paris
 French naturalist who was a pioneer in the fields of comparative anatomy and paleontology.

      Daubenton was studying medicine when, in 1742, the renowned naturalist Georges Buffon (Buffon, Georges-Louis Leclerc, count de) asked him to prepare anatomical descriptions for an ambitious work on natural history (Histoire naturelle, 1794–1804). Daubenton completed descriptions of 182 species of quadrupeds for the first section of the work before a dispute with Buffon ended the collaboration. Two years later, their friendship renewed, Daubenton was appointed Buffon's assistant as keeper and demonstrator of the department of natural history at the Jardin des Plantes, Paris. He acquired the reputation of a prolific scientist, completing many zoological descriptions and dissections and undertaking productive studies in the comparative anatomy of recent and fossil animals, plant physiology, and mineralogy. He conducted agricultural experiments and introduced Merino sheep to France. In 1775 he became lecturer of natural history at the college of medicine, then professor of zoology at the Collège de France (1778). When the Jardin des Plantes in Paris was converted to the Museum of Natural History in 1793, he became its first director.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Daubenton, Louis-Jean-Marie — (26 may. 1716, Montbard, Côte d Or, Francia–1 ene. 1800, París). Naturalista francés. Científico prolífico, completó muchas descripciones y disecciones zoológicas; realizó estudios fructíferos sobre la anatomía comparada de animales recientes y… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • DAUBENTON, LOUIS JEAN MARIE —    a French naturalist, born at Montbard; associated with Buffon in the preparation of the first 15 vols. of his Histoire Naturelle, and helped him materially by the accuracy of his knowledge, as well as his literary qualifications; contributed… …   The Nuttall Encyclopaedia

  • Louis-Jean-Marie Daubenton — by Alexander Roslin Born …   Wikipedia

  • Louis Jean Marie Daubenton — Louis Daubenton. Louis Jean Marie D’Aubenton (más conocido, simplemente, como Daubenton) (Montbard, 29 de mayo de 1716 París, 1 de enero de 1800) fue un médico, anatomista y naturalista francés …   Wikipedia Español

  • Louis jean-marie daubenton — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Daubenton. Louis Daubenton. Gravure par Adrien Féart. Louis Jean …   Wikipédia en Français

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  • Louis Jean-Marie Daubenton — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Daubenton. Louis Daubenton Gravure par Adrien Féart …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Daubenton — Louis Daubenton Louis Jean Marie Daubenton, eigentlich d Aubenton, (* 29. Mai 1716 in Montbard, Burgund; † 31. Dezember 1799 in Paris) war ein französischer Naturforscher …   Deutsch Wikipedia

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