Cushing, Harvey Williams


Cushing, Harvey Williams
born April 8, 1869, Cleveland, Ohio, U.S.
died Oct. 7, 1939, New Haven, Conn.

U.S. surgeon.

He taught principally at Harvard University and became known as the leading neurosurgeon of the early 20th century, developing many procedures and techniques still basic to brain surgery and greatly reducing its mortality rate. The leading expert in the diagnosis and treatment of intracranial tumours, he was also the first to ascribe to pituitary gland malfunction what is now known as Cushing syndrome. He wrote numerous scientific works, including The Life of Sir William Osler (1925, Pulitzer Prize).

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▪ American neurosurgeon
born April 8, 1869, Cleveland
died Oct. 7, 1939, New Haven, Conn., U.S.

      American surgeon who was the leading neurosurgeon of the early 20th century.

      Cushing graduated from Harvard Medical School in 1895 and then studied for four years at Johns Hopkins Hospital, Baltimore, under William Stewart Halsted (Halsted, William Stewart). He was a surgeon at Johns Hopkins from 1902 to 1912 and thenceforth was surgeon-in-chief at the Peter Bent Brigham Hospital in Boston and professor of surgery at the Harvard Medical School. In 1933 he joined the faculty of Yale University.

      Cushing developed many of the operating procedures and techniques that are still basic to the surgery of the brain, and his work greatly reduced the high mortality rates that had formerly been associated with brain surgery. He became the leading expert in the diagnosis and treatment of intracranial tumours. His research on the pituitary body (1912) gained him an international reputation, and he was the first to ascribe to pituitary malfunction a type of obesity of the face and trunk now known as Cushing's disease, or Cushing's syndrome. He wrote numerous scientific works and received the Pulitzer Prize in 1926 for his Life of Sir William Osler (1925).

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

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  • Cushing, Harvey Williams — (8 abr. 1869, Cleveland, Ohio, EE.UU.–7 oct. 1939, New Haven, Conn.). Cirujano estadounidense. Enseñó principalmente en la Universidad de Harvard y se hizo conocido como el neurocirujano más destacado de los inicios del s. XX, desarrollando… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Harvey Williams Cushing — [ˈkʊʃɪŋ] (* 8. April 1869 in Cleveland (Ohio); † 7. Oktober 1939 in New Haven (Connecticut)) war ein US amerikanischer Neurologe und Chirurg …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Harvey Williams Cushing — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Cartel con breve reseña histórica de su vida en el Cementerio de Lake View Harvey Williams Cushing (Cleveland, Ohio el 8 de abril de 1869 7 de octubre de 1939). Fue un médico estadounidense, instaur …   Wikipedia Español

  • Harvey W. Cushing — Harvey Williams Cushing [ˈkʊʃɪŋ] (* 8. April 1869 in Cleveland (Ohio); † 7. Oktober 1939 in New Haven (Connecticut)) war ein US amerikanischer Neurologe und Chirurg …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Harvey (Vorname) — Harvey [ˈhɑːvɪ] ist ein alter englischer männlicher Vorname. Der Name war in Großbritannien erstmals nach der normannischen Invasion verbreitet und wurde im 19. Jahrhundert wiederbelebt. Herkunft Der Name stammt aus dem Altenglischen und bedeutet …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Cushing — Cushing, Harvey William Cushing, enfermedad de Cushing, síndrome de * * * (as used in expressions) Cushing, Caleb Cushing, Harvey Williams Cushing, síndrome de …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Harvey — Harvey, William * * * (as used in expressions) Harvey Lavan Cliburn, Jr. Cushing, Harvey Williams Firestone, Harvey S(amuel) Harvey, William Keitel, Harvey Kellogg, John Harvey y W(ill) K(eith) Lawrence Harvey Zeiger Milk, Harvey (Bernard) Oswald …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Williams — Williams, Alberto Williams, Betty Williams, Eric Eustace Williams, Ralph Vaughan Williams, Roger Williams, Tennessee Williams, William Carlos * * * (as used in expressions) …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Cushing'ssyndrome — Cushing s syndrome n. A syndrome caused by an increased production of ACTH from a tumor of the adrenal cortex or of the anterior lobe of the pituitary gland, or by excessive intake of glucocorticoids. It is characterized by obesity and weakening… …   Universalium


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