Cuno, Wilhelm (Carl Josef)


Cuno, Wilhelm (Carl Josef)
born July 2, 1876, Suhl, Ger.
died Jan. 3, 1933, Aumühle

German politician and business leader.

After serving in government positions from 1907, in 1918 he became general director of the Hamburg-American Line, the largest German shipping concern. He served as chancellor of the Weimar Republic (1922–23), enjoying the strong support of German business and industry but failing to readjust war reparations or halt inflation. During the Ruhr occupation he urged a national policy of passive resistance, which ultimately overtaxed the economy. Obliged to resign, he returned to Hamburg-American and again served as chairman (1926–33).

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▪ German chancellor
born July 2, 1876, Suhl, Germany
died January 3, 1933, Aumühle
 German politician and business leader, general director of the Hamburg-American Line, and chancellor of the Weimar Republic during the Franco-Belgian invasion of the Ruhr (1923).

      Appointed government assessor in the German imperial treasury department (1907), Cuno subsequently served as a government adviser charged with drafting and presenting bills to the Reichstag (national parliament). During the first years of World War I, he headed the department of grain management (until July 1916), then served in the food ministry and, finally again, in the treasury department as general adviser on the war economy. Later, during the Armistice and peace negotiations, he represented his government as an economic expert. Following the suicide of shipping magnate Albert Ballin, Cuno succeeded to the direction of the Hamburg-American Line (December 1918), the largest German shipping concern, and in this position frequently acted as unofficial spokesman for German foreign political interests.

      After twice refusing cabinet appointments in governments of the Weimar Republic, Cuno was finally persuaded to accept the chancellorship (November 1922). To this office he brought the advantages of a creditable international reputation and the strong support of German business and industry. His ministry nonetheless succeeded neither in securing a much-needed readjustment of war reparations nor in halting inflation. With the Franco-Belgian invasion of the Ruhr over defaulted reparations payments (January 1923), he urged a national policy of passive resistance, which, though proving successful in certain respects, ultimately taxed beyond endurance the resilience of an already crippled economy. After a vote of no confidence by the powerful Social Democratic Party, he was finally obliged to resign (August 1923). He returned to the board of Hamburg-American and in 1926 was again elected chairman.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Cuno, Wilhelm (Carl Josef) — (2 jul. 1876, Suhl, Alemania–3 ene. 1933, Aumühle). Político y empresario alemán. Ocupó diversos cargos de gobierno desde 1907, tras lo cual en 1918 se convirtió en director general de Hamburg American Line, la mayor empresa naviera alemana. Fue… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Wilhelm — /wil helm/; Ger. /vil helm/, n. a male given name, German form of William. * * * (as used in expressions) Bach Wilhelm Friedemann Baeyer Johann Friedrich Wilhelm Adolf von Bessel Friedrich Wilhelm Hermann Wilhelm Brandt Bunsen Robert Wilhelm… …   Universalium

  • Wilhelm — (as used in expressions) Guillelmus (o Wilhelm) Apollinaris de Kostrowitzky Bach, Wilhelm Friedemann Baeyer, (Johann Friedrich Wilhelm) Adolf von Bessel, Friedrich Wilhelm Hermann Wilhelm Brandt Bunsen, Robert (Wilhelm) Canaris, Wilhelm (Franz)… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • carl — carlish, adj. carlishness, n. /kahrl/, n. 1. Scot. a. a strong, robust fellow, esp. a strong manual laborer. b. a miser; an extremely thrifty person. 2. Archaic. a churl. 3. Obs. a bondman. Also, carle. [bef. 1000 (in compounds; see HOUSECARL);… …   Universalium

  • Carl — /kahrl/, n. a male given name, form of Charles. * * * (as used in expressions) Andre Carl Bach Carl Philipp Emanuel Carl XVI Gustaf Carl Gustaf Folke Hubertus Clausewitz Carl Philipp Gottlieb von Correns Carl Erich Cuno Wilhelm Carl Josef Ditters …   Universalium

  • Carl — ► (1895 1982) Compositor, director de orquesta y profesor alemán. Obras: Carmina Burana (1937), Catulli Carmina, El triunfo de Afrodita (1951) y Comoedia de Christi resurrectione (1955). * * * (as used in expressions) Andre, Carl Bach, Carl… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Josef — (as used in expressions) Albers Josef Bruckner Josef Anton Karl Franz Josef Conrad von Hötzendorf Franz Xaver Josef Count Cuno Wilhelm Carl Josef Dobrovský Josef Franz Josef Franz Josef Land Hoffmann Josef Kölreuter Josef Gottlieb Mengele Josef… …   Universalium

  • Josef — (as used in expressions) Albers, Josef Bruckner, (Josef) Anton Karl Franz Josef Cuno, Wilhelm (Carl Josef) Dobrovský, Josef Franz Josef Hoffmann, Josef Hötzendorf, Conrad Franz (Xaver Josef), conde von Kölreuter, Josef Gottlieb Mengele, Josef… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Wilhelm Cuno — im Januar 1919 …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Wilhelm Friedrich August von Leyßer — (1771 1842) Wilhelm Friedrich August von Leyßer (* 17. Juli 1771 in Holzminden[1]; † 21. Dezember 1842 in Dresden) war ein …   Deutsch Wikipedia


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