Cunard, Sir Samuel, 1st Baronet

Cunard, Sir Samuel, 1st Baronet
born Nov. 21, 1787, Halifax, Nova Scotia
died April 28, 1865, Kensington, London, Eng.

Canadian-British merchant and shipowner.

He became prosperous in commerce and began laying plans in 1830 to establish mail service between England and North America. He went to England in 1838 and in 1839 cofounded the British and North American Royal Mail Steam Packet Co., known as the Cunard Line. In 1840, four Cunard liners began the first regular service across the Atlantic Ocean.

* * *

▪ British merchant
born Nov. 21, 1787, Halifax, Nova Scotia [Canada]
died April 28, 1865, Kensington, London, England
 British merchant and shipowner who founded the first regular Atlantic steamship line.

      The son of a merchant, Cunard himself had amassed a sizable fortune by his early 40s from banking, lumber, coal, and iron. He had also built a merchant fleet of about 40 vessels. From 1830 he laid plans to establish a mail service between England and North America, running steamers from Liverpool to Halifax, and thence to Boston. Cunard went to England in 1838 when the British government opened the bidding on contracts for such a transatlantic line. The following year, in partnership with Sir George Burns (Burns, Sir George, Baronet) of Glasgow and David MacIver of Liverpool, he established the British and North American Royal Mail Steam Packet Company, generally known as the Cunard Line. Its first ship, the Unicorn, set out for America on May 15, 1840. The first mail steamer was the Britannia, which left Liverpool on July 4, 1840. Later Cunard ships included the famed Queen Mary, Queen Elizabeth, and Queen Elizabeth II. He was created a baronet in 1859.

* * *

Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Sir George Burns, 1st Baronet — (December 10 1795 ndash;June 2 1890) was a Scottish shipping magnate. Burns was born in Glasgow, the son of a Presbyterian minister. George was the younger brother of James Burns (1789 1871), with whom he formed a partnership, J. G. Burns.… …   Wikipedia

  • sir — /serr/, n. 1. a respectful or formal term of address used to a man: No, sir. 2. (cap.) the distinctive title of a knight or baronet: Sir Walter Scott. 3. (cap.) a title of respect for some notable personage of ancient times: Sir Pandarus of Troy …   Universalium

  • baronet — baronetical, adj. /bar euh nit, bar euh net /, n. a member of a British hereditary order of honor, ranking below the barons and made up of commoners, designated by Sir before the name and Baronet, usually abbreviated Bart., after: Sir John Smith …   Universalium

  • Samuel — /sam yooh euhl/, n. 1. a judge and prophet of Israel. I Sam. 1 3; 8 15. 2. either of two books of the Bible bearing his name. Abbr.: I Sam., II Sam. 3. a male given name: from a Hebrew word meaning name of God. * * * I (с 11th century BC) Old… …   Universalium

  • Samuel Cunard — Sir Samuel Cunard A statue of Sir Samuel Cunard in Halifax …   Wikipedia

  • Baronet — For the brush footed butterfly species, see Euthalia nais. Royal and noble ranks Emperor Empress King Queen …   Wikipedia

  • Cunard Baronets — The Cunard Baronetcy, of Bush Hill in Nova Scotia, was a title in the Baronetage of the United Kingdom. It was created in 1859 for Samuel Cunard, the Canadian born British shipping magnate. The title became extinct upon the death of the seventh… …   Wikipedia

  • Burns, Sir George, Baronet — ▪ British entrepreneur born December 10, 1795, Glasgow, Scotland died June 2, 1890, Castle Wemyss, Renfrewshire [now in Fife]       Scottish shipping magnate and one of the founders of the Cunard Line.       Burns was the son of a Glasgow… …   Universalium

  • Nancy Cunard — in 1928 Nancy Clara Cunard (10 March 1896 – 17 March 1965) was a writer, heiress and political activist. She was born into the British upper class but strongly rejected her family s values, devoting much of her life to fighting racism and fascism …   Wikipedia

  • ST — Real Estate. septic tank. * * * (as used in expressions) St. Mary Alexander Harold Rupert Leofric George Alexander 1st Earl Amherst Jeffery Amherst 1st Baron Asquith Herbert Henry 1st earl of Oxford and Asquith Attlee Clement Richard 1st Earl… …   Universalium