- Crécy, Battle of
(August 26, 1346) English victory in the first phase of the Hundred Years' War against the French.At Crécy-en-Ponthieu, Edward III of England defeated Philip VI of France, even though the English forces were greatly outnumbered. The English gained the advantage because their archers were armed with longbows and because of their strong defensive position.
* * *▪ European history(Aug. 26, 1346), battle that resulted in victory for the English in the first decade of the Hundred Years' War against the French.Edward III of England, having landed some 4,000 men-at-arms and 10,000 archers (longbowmen) on the Cotentin peninsula in midJuly 1346, had ravaged lower Normandy west of the Seine and gone as far south as Poissy, just outside Paris, when Philip VI of France, uncertain of the direction that Edward meant ultimately to take, advanced against him with some 12,000 men-at-arms and numerous other troops. Edward then turned sharply northeastward, crossing the Seine at Poissy and the Somme downstream from Abbeville, to take up a defensive position at Crécy-en-Ponthieu. There he posted dismounted men-at-arms in the centre, with cavalry to their right (under his son Edward, the Black Prince) and to their left (under the earls of Arundel and of Northampton) and with archers on both wings. Italian crossbowmen in Philip's service began the assault on the English position, but they were routed by the archers and fell back into the path of the French cavalry's first charge. More and more French cavalry came up, to make further thoughtless charges at the English centre; but while the latter stood firm, the archers wheeled forward, and the successive detachments of horsemen were mowed down by arrowshots from both sides. By the end of the day Philip's brother, Charles II of Alençon, and his allies King John of Bohemia and Louis II of Nevers, count of Flanders, as well as 1,500 other knights and esquires were dead. Philip himself escaped with a wound from the disaster. Edward went on northward to besiege Calais.
* * *
См. также в других словарях:
Crécy, Battle of — (1346) … Bryson’s dictionary for writers and editors
Crécy, Battle of — … Useful english dictionary
battle — battle1 battler, n. /bat l/, n., v., battled, battling. n. 1. a hostile encounter or engagement between opposing military forces: the battle of Waterloo. 2. participation in such hostile encounters or engagements: wounds received in battle. 3. a… … Universalium
Battle of Crécy — Crecy and Crécy redirect here. For other uses, see Crecy (disambiguation). Battle of Crécy Part of the Hundred Years War … Wikipedia
Crécy-en-Ponthieu — Crécy en Ponthieu … Wikipedia
Crécy (comics) — Crécy Cover art for Crécy, by Felipe Massafera Publisher Avatar Press Date July, 2007 … Wikipedia
Crecy — n. 1. the first decisive battle of the Hundred Years War; in 1346 the English under Edward III defeated the French under King Philip of Valois. Syn: battle of Crecy. [WordNet 1.5] … The Collaborative International Dictionary of English
Crecy (disambiguation) — Crecy or Crécy may refer to Crécy (comics) a graphic novel Crécy en Ponthieu a commune in France Battle of Crécy between the English and French in 1346 Rolls Royce Crecy an aero engine An early name for what became the Vickers Wellington bomber… … Wikipedia
Crècy — Battle of (26 August 1346) The monumental destruction of the flower of French chivalry by a much smaller English force under Edward III and the Black Prince, one of the first times the new English tactics of deploying archers in force against a… … Medieval glossary
Battle of Blanchetaque — Infobox Military Conflict conflict=Battle of Blanchetaque partof=Crecy Campaign, Hundred Years War date=24 August, 1346 place=Blanchetaque, River Somme, near Abbeville result=English army successfully forded the river combatant1= combatant2=… … Wikipedia