Crockett, Davy


Crockett, Davy
orig. David Crockett

born Aug. 17, 1786, eastern Tennessee, U.S.
died March 6, 1836, San Antonio, Texas

U.S. frontiersman and politician.

He made a name for himself in the Creek War (1813–15). In 1821 he was elected to the Tennessee legislature, winning popularity through campaign speeches filled with yarns and homespun metaphors. He won election to the U.S. House of Representatives in 1827, 1829, and 1833. During his first congressional term, Crockett broke with Andrew Jackson and the new Democratic Party over Crockett's desire for preferential treatment of squatters occupying land in western Tennessee. The Whigs early courted and publicized Crockett in the hope of creating a popular "coonskin" politician to offset Jackson. In 1834 Crockett was conducted on a triumphal speech-making tour of Whig strongholds in the East. From the many stories about him in books and newspapers, there grew the legend of an eccentric but shrewd "b'ar hunter" and Indian fighter. In 1835 he went to Texas to join the war against Mexico and was killed at the Alamo.

* * *

▪ American frontiersman and politician
byname of  David Crockett  
born Aug. 17, 1786, eastern Tennessee, U.S.
died March 6, 1836, San Antonio, Texas
 American frontiersman and politician who became a legendary figure.

      His father, having little means, hired him out to more prosperous backwoods farmers, and Davy's schooling amounted to 100 days of tutoring with a neighbour. Successive moves west to middle Tennessee brought him close to the area of the Creek War, in which he made a name for himself from 1813 to 1815. In 1821 he was elected to the Tennessee legislature, winning popularity through campaign speeches filled with yarns and homespun metaphors. In the legislature an opposing speaker referred to Crockett as the “gentleman from the cane,” an allusion to the dense canebrakes of western Tennessee, where Davy hunted bears and raccoons during the winter. This image of the rough backwoods legislator caught the popular imagination during Crockett's lifetime and continued to do so after his death.

      Following a second term in the state legislature in 1823, Crockett ran for the U.S. House of Representatives. He lost in 1825, won in 1827 and 1829, lost in 1831, barely won in 1833, and suffered his final defeat in 1835, owing to the concentrated opposition of the party of Andrew Jackson. He then headed west to Texas, joined the American forces, and died along with the entire garrison of the Alamo when it was overrun by a Mexican army under General Santa Anna on March 6, 1836.

      During his first congressional term, Crockett broke with Andrew Jackson and the new Democratic party over Crockett's desire for preferential treatment of the squatters occupying land in western Tennessee. The Whigs early courted and publicized Crockett in the hope of creating a popular “coonskin” politician to offset Jackson. In 1834 Crockett was conducted on a triumphal speechmaking tour of Whig strongholds in the East. From the many stories appearing in newspapers and books during his congressional years, the legend rapidly grew of an eccentric but shrewd “b'ar-hunting” and Indian-fighting frontiersman.

      Actually Crockett engaged in several business ventures and delivered his speeches in fairly conventional English. A series of Crockett almanacs, appearing from 1835 to 1856, developed the legend along the lines of Old World folk epics. Crockett's Autobiography, written in 1834 with Thomas Chilton, U.S. Representative from Kentucky, played up the backwoods scene and said little about politics. It helped introduce a new style of vigorous, realistic writing into American literature.

* * *


Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Crockett, Davy — orig. David Crockett (17 ago. 1786, Tennessee del este, EE.UU.– 6 mar. 1836, San Antonio, Texas). Explorador fronterizo y político estadounidense. Se hizo célebre en la guerra de los creek (tribu indígena) (1813–15). En 1821 fue elegido miembro… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Crockett, Davy —  (1786–1836) American frontiersman and politician. Croesus. Last king of Lydia (reigned 560–546 bc); byword for wealth. Cro Magnon. Early form of Homo sapiens, named after a hill in France …   Bryson’s dictionary for writers and editors

  • Davy Crockett — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Davy Crockett David Stern Crockett (17 de agosto de 1786 – 6 de marzo de 1836) fue un héroe popular de Estados Unidos del siglo XIX normalmente llamado Davy Crockett o por el nombre popular …   Wikipedia Español

  • Davy Crockett (Série Télévisée) — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Davy Crockett. Davy Crockett Titre original Davy Crockett Genre Série historique Production Walt Disney Pictures Pays d’origine …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Davy Crockett (serie televisee) — Davy Crockett (série télévisée) Pour les articles homonymes, voir Davy Crockett. Davy Crockett Titre original Davy Crockett Genre Série historique Production Walt Disney Pictures Pays d’origine …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Davy crockett (série télévisée) — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Davy Crockett. Davy Crockett Titre original Davy Crockett Genre Série historique Production Walt Disney Pictures Pays d’origine …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Davy Crockett (Politiker) — Davy Crockett David ‚Davy‘ Crockett (eigentl. David de Crocketagne) (* 17. August 1786 in Greene County, Tennessee; † 6. März 1836 in San Antonio, Texas) war ein US amerikanischer Politiker und Kriegsheld. Er vertrat den westlichsten Teil Tenne …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Davy Crockett and the River Pirates — Directed by Norman Foster Produced by Walt Disney Written by Tom Blackburn and Norman Foster Starri …   Wikipedia

  • Davy Crockett Hat — Davy Crockett, Davy Crockett The man who knows no fear Davy Crockett, Davy Crockett King of the wild frontier.    Many distinguished fighters and frontiersmen were killed in the famous battle of the Alamo. Among them was David Crockett, popularly …   Dictionary of eponyms

  • Davy Crockett — For other uses, see Davy Crockett (disambiguation). David Davy Crockett Member of the U.S. House of Representatives from Tennessee s 12th district In office March 4, 18 …   Wikipedia


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.