Crick, Francis (Harry Compton)


Crick, Francis (Harry Compton)
born June 8, 1916, Northampton, Northamptonshire, Eng.

British biophysicist.

Educated at University College, London, he helped develop magnetic mines for naval use during World War II but returned to biology after the war. He worked at Cambridge University with James D. Watson and Maurice Wilkins to construct a molecular model of DNA consistent with its known physical and chemical properties, work for which the three shared a 1962 Nobel Prize. Crick also discovered that each group of three bases (a codon) on a single DNA strand designates the position of a specific amino acid on the backbone of a protein molecule, and he helped determine which codons code for each amino acid normally found in protein, thus clarifying the way the cell uses DNA to build proteins. See also Rosalind Franklin.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Crick, Francis Harry Compton — ▪ 2005       British biologist (b. June 8, 1916, Northampton, Eng. d. July 28, 2004, San Diego, Calif.), together with American biologist James D. Watson, in 1953 made what was widely considered the most momentous discovery in modern biology: the …   Universalium

  • Crick , Francis Harry Compton — (1916–) British molecular biologist The son of a shoe manufacturer from Northampton, Crick was educated at University College, London. After graduating in physics in 1938 he began his research career under E.N. Andrade working on the measurement… …   Scientists

  • Crick, Francis (Harry Compton) — (8 jun. 1916, Northampton, Northamptonshire, Inglaterra–28 jul. 2004, San Diego, Cal., EE.UU.). Biofísico británico. Educado en la University College de Londres, colaboró en el desarrollo de minas navales magnéticas durante la segunda guerra… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Francis Harry Compton Crick — Francis Crick, im Hintergrund ein Gehirnmodell, das ihm von Jacob Bronowski vermacht wurde Francis Harry Compton Crick OM (* 8. Juni 1916 in Northampton, England; † 28. Juli 2004 in San Diego, USA) war ein englischer …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Francis Harry Compton Crick — Francis Crick Pour les articles homonymes, voir Francis et Crick. Francis Crick …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Francis Harry Compton Crick — er nobelprismodtager i medicin fra 1962. Publicerede sammen med James Dewey Watson i Nature i 1953 strukturen af DNA og de to blev dermed den moderne molekylære genetiks fædre. Crick besøgte i sidste halvdel af 1970 erne Danmark og holdt flere… …   Danske encyklopædi

  • Medizinnobelpreis 1962: Francis Harry Compton Crick — James Dewey Watson — Maurice Hugh Frederick Wilkins —   Die drei Forscher erhielten den Nobelpreis für ihre Entdeckungen über die Molekularstruktur der Nucleinsäuren und deren Bedeutung für die Informationsübertragung in lebender Materie.    Biografien   Francis Harry Compton Crick, * Northampton… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Crick — Francis Harry Compton …   Scientists

  • Compton — Compton, Arthur Holly Compton, efecto * * * (as used in expressions) Compton, Arthur (Holly) Compton, efecto Compton Burnett, Dame Ivy Crick, Francis (Harry Compton) Mackenzie, Sir (Edward Montague) Compton …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Francis — Francis. Asteroide nº. 2050 de la serie (1974 KA), descubierto el 28 de mayo de 1974 por Eleanor Francis Helin desde Monte Palomar. La descubridora lo nombró en honor de sus padres Fred y Kay Francis. Lista de asteroides * * * Francis, turbina *… …   Enciclopedia Universal


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