- Cressent, Charles
born Dec. 16, 1685, Amiens, Fr.died Jan. 10, 1768, ParisFrench cabinetmaker.He also studied sculpture and became an accomplished metalworker. In 1710 he went to Paris, where he worked in the studio of the cabinetmaker André-Charles Boulle. In 1715 Cressent was appointed official cabinetmaker to Philippe II, duke d'Orléans. He was elected to the Academy of St.-Luc in 1719, and he consequently received important commissions from French aristocrats, including Madame de Pompadour. His early works were in the Louis XIV style, but later pieces (с 1730–50) were lighter and more curvilinear. Cressent was the leading proponent of the Régence style and introduced marquetries of coloured wood and ormolu to case decoration.
* * *▪ French cabinetmakerborn Dec. 16, 1685, Amiens, Francedied Jan. 10, 1768, ParisFrench cabinetmaker, whose works are among the most renowned pieces of French furniture ever made.Grandson of a cabinetmaker of the same name and son of the sculptor François Cressent, Charles practiced both arts, becoming a brilliant metalworker as well. He probably went to Paris about 1710, working at first for the studio of the late cabinetmaker André-Charles Boulle (Boulle, André-Charles). Soon he became influenced by the designer Gilles Marie Oppenordt and the painter François Watteau and also became friendly with the sculptor François Girardon. Appointed official cabinetmaker in 1715 to the Duke d'Orléans, regent of France, Cressent was elected in 1719 to the Academy of Saint-Luc, a position that brought him important orders. Although he made furniture for foreign courts (Portugal, Bavaria) and for wealthy French aristocrats, notably Mme de Pompadour, he apparently did not work for King Louis XV of France.Cressent's first works, in the manner of the Louis XIV style, have affinities with Boulle's creations. In the following period (c. 1730–50), his artistry became balanced, retaining an elegant strength and avoiding the excess of Rococo; from that period can be dated the charming espagnolettes—i.e., female figures generally fixed to the corners of tables, most characteristic of his style. Finally, after 1750, his work was inspired by a return to the antique. Cressent not only designed the models and made the furniture himself but also carved magnificent mountings of gilded bronze for them, but such unorthodox totality caused him to clash with and break the restrictions of the guild. In 1722 the Guild of Bronze Founders and Chasers took legal action against him; he was saved through the intervention of the regent, whose son, the Duke d'Orléans, had to protect Cressent on two subsequent prosecutions, in 1735 and 1743.Most important of all, Cressent became the leading exponent of the Régence style (i.e., the transitional phase from Baroque to Rococo), replacing the monumental style of the earlier part of Louis XIV's reign with a lighter and more fluent curvilinear style. In his work, the mounts of ormolu (i.e., brass made to imitate gold), so important to the design of 18th-century French furniture, became equally if not more important than the marquetry decoration of the case. He also helped introduce the marquetries of coloured woods that began to replace ebony and ebonized woods.
* * *
Look at other dictionaries:
Cressent, Charles — (16 dic. 1685, Amiens, Francia–10 ene. 1768, París). Ebanista francés. También estudió escultura y fue un hábil metalista. En 1710 se fue a París, donde trabajó en el taller del ebanista André Charles Boulle. En 1715, Cressent fue designado… … Enciclopedia Universal
CRESSENT (C.) — CRESSENT CHARLES (1685 1768) Fils d’un sculpteur sur bois d’Amiens, Cressent s’installe à Paris où il est reçu comme sculpteur à l’Académie de Saint Luc en 1714. Collaborateur du grand rival de Boulle, Joseph Poitou (mort en 1719), il épouse sa… … Encyclopédie Universelle
Charles — Charles, Ray * * * (as used in expressions) Adams, Charles Francis Addams, Charles (Samuel) Atlas, Charles Babbage, Charles Barkley, Charles (Wade) Charles Daly Barnet Bartlett, Sir Frederic C(harles) Baudelaire, Charles (Pierre) Charles Edward… … Enciclopedia Universal
Charles Cressent — Writing desk by Charles Cressent, 1730 1735 Charles Cressent (1685–1768) was a French furniture maker, sculptor and fondeur ciseleur of the régence style. As the second son of François Cressent, sculpteur du roi, and grandson of Charles Cressent … Wikipedia
Charles — /chahrlz/, n. 1. (Prince of Edinburgh and of Wales) born 1948, heir apparent to the throne of Great Britain (son of Elizabeth II). 2. Ray (Ray Charles Robinson), born 1930, U.S. blues singer and pianist. 3. Cape, a cape in E Virginia, N of the… … Universalium
Charles Cressent — (1685 1768), est un maître ébéniste du XVIIIe siècle, principal représentant du style Régence. Sommaire 1 Biographie 2 Son œuvre 3 Son estampille … Wikipédia en Français
Cressent — [krɛ sã], Charles, französischer Kunsttischler und Bildhauer, * Amiens 16. 12. 1685, ✝ Paris 10. 1. 1768; Schüler von A. C. Boulle, Hofbildhauer König Ludwigs XV. Cressent ist einer der berühmtesten Ebenisten des 18. Jahrhunderts; seine… … Universal-Lexikon
Charles Lenepveu — Charles Ferdinand Lenepveu (* 4. Oktober 1840 in Rouen; † 16. August 1910 in Paris) war ein französischer Komponist und Musikpädagoge. Lenepveu studierte im Conservatoire de Paris bei Ambroise Thomas und gewann 1865 einen … Deutsch Wikipedia
Charles Koechlin — Pour les autres membres de la famille, voir : famille Koechlin. Charles Koechlin Naissance 27 novembre … Wikipédia en Français
furniture — furnitureless, adj. /ferr ni cheuhr/, n. 1. the movable articles, as tables, chairs, desks or cabinets, required for use or ornament in a house, office, or the like. 2. fittings, apparatus, or necessary accessories for something. 3. equipment for … Universalium