Cope, Edward Drinker


Cope, Edward Drinker
born , July 28, 1840, Philadelphia, Pa., U.S.
died April 12, 1897, Philadelphia

U.S. paleontologist.

He devoted 22 years to exploration and research, especially in the description of extinct fishes, reptiles, and mammals of the western U.S. He discovered about 1,000 species of extinct vertebrates and developed the evolutionary histories of the horse and of mammalian teeth. His theory of kinetogenesis, stating that the natural movements of animals aided in the alteration and development of moving parts, led him to support Lamarck's theory of evolution. He engaged in a bitter, long-running feud with O.C. Marsh. Among his 1,200 books and papers are Reptilia and Aves of North America (1869–70) and Relation of Man to Tertiary Mammalia (1875).

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▪ American paleontologist
born , July 28, 1840, Philadelphia, Pa., U.S.
died April 12, 1897, Philadelphia

      paleontologist who discovered approximately a thousand species of extinct vertebrates in the United States and led a revival of Lamarckian evolutionary theory, based largely on paleontological views.

      After a brief period at Haverford College, Pennsylvania, as professor of comparative zoology and botany (1864–67), Cope devoted 22 years to exploration and research. Most of this time was spent in the discovery and description of extinct fishes, reptiles, and mammals of the western United States, from Texas to Wyoming. He served as paleontologist with the U.S. Geological Survey and, with Joseph Leidy, described the fossils collected by the Ferdinand Hayden Survey in Wyoming. He worked out the evolutionary histories of the horse and of mammalian teeth. A race with his colleague Othniel Marsh for priority in discovering American fossil dinosaurs culminated in a bitter feud that proved damaging to the reputations of both men.

      Cope's theory of kinetogenesis, stating that the natural movements of animals aided in the alteration and development of moving parts, led him to openly support Lamarck's theory of evolution through inheritance of acquired characteristics. Financial difficulties compelled him to accept a position on the faculty of the University of Pennsylvania (1889–97).

      Cope is most noted for his invaluable contribution to knowledge of the vertebrates that flourished between the extinction of the dinosaurs (66 million years ago) and the rise of man (1.6 million years ago), known as the Tertiary Period of geologic time. Among his 1,200 books and papers are Reptilia and Aves of North America (1869–70) and Relation of Man to Tertiary Mammalia (1875).

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Cope, Edward Drinker — (28 jul. 1840, Filadelfia, Pensilvania., EE.UU.–12 abr. 1897, Filadelfia). Paleontólogo estadounidense. Se dedicó durante 22 años a explorar e investigar, con predilección por la descripción de peces, reptiles y mamíferos extinguidos del oeste de …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Edward Drinker Cope — Edward Drinker Cope …   Wikipedia

  • Edward Drinker Cope — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Edward Drinker Cope Edward Drinker Cope (* 28 de julio de 1840–12 de abril de 1897) fue un paleontólogo y anatomista comparativo estadounidense. Cope nació en Filadelfia de padres …   Wikipedia Español

  • Edward Drinker Cope — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Cope. Edward Drinker Cope Edward Drinker Cope, né le 28 juillet 1840 à …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Edward Drinker Cope — (1840 1897) Edward Drinker Cope (* 28. Juli 1840 in Philadelphia, PA; † 12. April 1897 ebenda) arbeitete als US amerikanischer Wissenschaftler auf vielen zoologischen Gebieten, so z. B. der Taxonomie ausgestorbener Wirbeltiere und… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

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  • Liste d'espèces découvertes et décrites par Edward Drinker Cope — Edward Drinker Cope est un naturaliste américain, un biologiste et un paléontologue. Spécialiste des vertébrés, adversaire acharné d Othniel Charles Marsh, il a découvert un grand nombre de nouveaux genres et d espèces actuels et fossiles.… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Edward Cope — Edward Drinker Cope (1840 1897) Edward Drinker Cope (* 28. Juli 1840 in Philadelphia, PA; † 12. April 1897 ebenda; ∞ 14. August 1865 Annie Pym) arbeitete als US amerikanischer Wissenschaftler auf vielen zoologischen Gebieten, so z. B. der… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Drinker nisti — Drinker Zeitraum Oberjura (Kimmeridgium/Tithonium) 152 bis 145 Mio. Jahre Fossilfundorte USA, Nordamerika (Morrison Formation) Systematik Vogelbeckensaurier (Ornithischia) …   Deutsch Wikipedia


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