Comana


Comana
Ancient city in Cappadocia, eastern Anatolia.

Located on the Seyhan River in the Taurus Mountains, it was the centre of the cult of the mother goddess Ma-Enyo and the site of lavish celebrations. It was governed by a chief priest, usually a member of the reigning Cappadocian family, who ranked next to the king. A Roman colony in the 3rd century AD, it lay on the chief military road to the empire's eastern frontier.

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Turkey
modern  Şahr 

      ancient city of Cappadocia, on the upper course of the Seyhan (Sarus) River, in southern Turkey. Often called Chryse to distinguish it from Comana in Pontus, it was the place where the cult of Ma-Enyo, a variant of the great west Asian mother goddess, was celebrated with orgiastic rites. The service was carried on in an opulent temple by thousands of temple servants. The city, a mere appanage of the temple, was governed by the chief priest, usually a member of the reigning Cappadocian family, who ranked next to the king. Under the emperor Caracalla (reigned AD 211–217), Comana became a Roman (Roman road system) colony, and it continued to receive honours until the official recognition of Christianity. It was also important for its position on the road from Caesarea Cappadociae (Kayseri) to Melitene (Malatya), converted by the emperor Septimius Severus into the chief military road to the empire's eastern frontier.

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Universalium. 2010.

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