Cole, Thomas


Cole, Thomas
born Feb. 1, 1801, Bolton-le-Moors, Lancashire, Eng.
died Feb. 11, 1848, Catskill, N.Y., U.S.

British-born U.S. landscape painter, founder of the Hudson River school.

After immigrating to the U.S. with his family in 1819, he studied at the Pennsylvania Academy of the Fine Arts. In 1825 Asher B. Durand began purchasing his work and finding him patrons. After settling in Catskill, N.Y., Cole traveled throughout the northeast making pencil sketches of the scenery, from which he later produced finished paintings in his studio. He is famous for his views of the Hudson Valley, as well as for grandiose imaginary vistas.

* * *

▪ American painter
born February 1, 1801, Bolton-le-Moors, Lancashire, England
died February 11, 1848, Catskill, New York, U.S.
 American Romantic landscape painter who was a founder of the Hudson River school.

      Cole's family immigrated first to Philadelphia and then settled in Steubenville, Ohio. He was trained by an itinerant portrait painter named Stein and then spent two years at the Pennsylvania Academy of the Fine Arts. In 1825 some of Cole's landscapes in a New York shop window attracted the attention of Colonel John Trumbull and the painter Asher B. Durand (Durand, Asher B). They bought his works and found him patrons, assuring his future success.

 In 1826 Cole made his home in the village of Catskill, New York, on the western bank of the Hudson River. From there he frequently journeyed through the Northeast, primarily on foot, making pencil studies of the landscape. He used these sketches to compose paintings in his studio during the winter. One of Cole's most effective landscape paintings, The Ox-Bow (1846), was the result of pencil studies that he made in Massachusetts. Cole's scenes of the Hudson River valley, reverently recorded, echo the loneliness and mystery of the North American forests. Cole could paint direct and factual landscapes recorded in minute detail, but he was also capable of producing grandiose and dramatic imaginary vistas using bold effects of light and chiaroscuro. When the human figure appears in his works, it is always subordinate to the majesty of the surrounding landscape.

      Cole spent the years 1829–32 and 1841–42 abroad, mainly in Italy. He lived in Florence with the American sculptor Horatio Greenough (Greenough, Horatio). When Cole returned to the United States, he painted five huge canvases for a series titled The Course of Empire (1836). These paintings are allegories on the progress of mankind based on the count de Volney (Volney, Constantin-François de Chasseboeuf, Count de)'s Ruines; ou, méditations sur les révolutions des empires (1791). A second series, called The Voyage of Life (begun 1839), depicts a symbolic journey from infancy to old age in four scenes. Shortly before he died, Cole began still another series, The Cross of the World, which was of a religious nature.

      Durand's (Durand, Asher B) well-known painting Kindred Spirits (1849), painted in Cole's memory the year after his death, paid tribute to Cole's close friendship with the poet William Cullen Bryant (Bryant, William Cullen).

* * *


Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Cole,Thomas — Cole, Thomas. 1801 1848. English born American painter acknowledged as the leader of the Hudson River School, America s first painting movement. * * * …   Universalium

  • Cole, Thomas — (1 feb. 1801, Bolton le Moors, Lancashire, Inglaterra–11 feb. 1848, Catskill, N.Y., EE.UU.). Paisajista estadounidense de origen inglés, fundador de la escuela del Río Hudson. Después de inmigrar a EE.UU. con su familia en 1819, estudió en la… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Cole, Thomas —    , London. Forster says no instrument has been preserved of this maker, but that is a mistake. There is in the neighborhood of Sheffield, a very large Tenor with a fine deep tone and the following curious label.    Made 1690, by    THOMAS COLE… …   Violins and Violin Makers. Biographical Dictionary

  • Thomas Cole — (1846) Thomas Cole (* 1. Februar 1801 in Bolton, Lancashire; † 11. Februar 1848 in Catskills, New York) war ein in England geborener US amerikanischer Maler. Er gilt als Begründer und bedeutendster Vertreter der Hudson River School, einer Gruppe… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Thomas Cole — Thomas Cole, 1846 Nacimiento 1 de febrero de 1801 Bolton, Lancashire, Inglaterra Fallecimiento …   Wikipedia Español

  • Thomas — Thomas, Albert Thomas, André Antoine Thomas, Ch. L. Ambroise Thomas, Dylan Thomas, Sidney Gilchrist Thomas, Theodore * * * (as used in expressions) Adès, Thomas …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Thomas Cole — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Cole. Thomas Cole …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Cole — /kohl/, n. 1. Thomas, 1801 48, U.S. painter, born in England: a founder of the Hudson River School of landscape painting. 2. Timothy, 1852 1931, U.S. wood engraver, born in England. 3. a male given name. * * * (as used in expressions) Bowen… …   Universalium

  • Cole — (Apócope de colegio.) ► sustantivo masculino ENSEÑANZA familiar Colegio, centro docente: ■ ir al cole le suponía un esfuerzo cada mañana. * * * cole1 (Cantb.) m. *Chapuzón. cole2 (inf.) m. Apóc. de «colegio», muy frecuente, especialmente entre… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Thomas — /tom euhs/ for 1, 2, 4 14; /taw mah / for 3, n. 1. an apostle who demanded proof of Christ s Resurrection. John 20:24 29. 2. Augustus, 1857 1934, U.S. playwright, journalist, and actor. 3. (Charles Louis) Ambroise /shannrddl lwee ahonn brddwannz… …   Universalium