- Cohn, Harry
born July 23, 1891, New York, N.Y., U.S.died Feb. 27, 1958, Phoenix, Ariz.U.S. film producer and cofounder of Columbia Pictures.He worked for a film distributor before cofounding C.B.C. Film Sales Co. (1920), later named Columbia Pictures Corp. In 1932 he became president of the company, which he built into a major studio. Though he came to epitomize the ruthless philistine movie mogul, he was credited with discovering many stars, including Rita Hayworth, and promoting such directors as Frank Capra.
* * *▪ American film producerborn July 23, 1891, New York, N.Y., U.S.died February 27, 1958, Phoenix, Ariz.cofounder and president of Columbia Pictures (Columbia Pictures Entertainment, Inc.) and winner of 45 Academy Awards for films he produced.The son of an immigrant Polish-Jewish tailor, Cohn quit school at age 14 and worked at sundry jobs before becoming a vaudeville singer and song plugger. His motion picture career began in 1913, when he worked as a secretary for a film distributor in New York City. In 1920 Cohn, his brother Jack, and mutual friend Joe Brandt founded C.B.C. Film Sales Company and relocated to Hollywood to begin production. The company became Columbia Pictures Corporation in 1924 in part to rid itself of its unglamourous nickname, “Corned Beef and Cabbage.”Cohn chose the young Frank Capra (Capra, Frank) to direct That Certain Thing (1928), because his name topped an alphabetical list of available directors. The picture was a success and marked the beginning of a fruitful relationship for Cohn and Capra that would last until the late 1930s. Capra played an important role in building Columbia's reputation, and his direction of It Happened One Night (1934) propelled Columbia into the ranks of the major studios. About the same time, Cohn wrested power from his brother Jack—with whom he quarreled constantly—and became both president and head of production at Columbia. No other movie mogul had ever held both posts, and Cohn exploited his power to its utmost extent.Notoriously tyrannical and foulmouthed, Cohn was dubbed “the meanest man in Hollywood.” He meddled in the private lives of actors and regarded those who worked for him as his personal property. Yet Cohn possessed a keen intuition for the potential of stories, actors, and directors that he combined with an uncanny instinct for predicting what kinds of films would sell to the public. Cohn promoted some of the top-drawing actors of the 1940s and '50s, notably Rita Hayworth (Hayworth, Rita), Jack Lemmon (Lemmon, Jack), Glenn Ford, and Kim Novak. He also recruited first-rate directors, including George Cukor (Cukor, George), Howard Hawks (Hawks, Howard), Nicholas Ray (Ray, Nicholas), Otto Preminger (Preminger, Otto), and Orson Welles (Welles, Orson). Columbia flourished during the 1950s, producing such films as Born Yesterday (1950), which featured a dictatorial tycoon often said to be patterned after Cohn himself. Other major commercial and critical successes include such classics as From Here to Eternity (1953), On the Waterfront (1954), The Bridge on the River Kwai (1957), and Anatomy of a Murder (1959). Cohn retained his position as the staunchly undemocratic president and production chief of Columbia until his death.Additional ReadingBob Thomas, King Cohn: The Life and Times of Harry Cohn (1967, reissued 1990).Bernard F. Dick, The Merchant Prince of Poverty Row: Harry Cohn of Columbia Pictures (1993).
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COHN, HARRY — (1891–1956), movie pioneer; president and executive producer of Columbia Pictures Corporation. Born in New York, he entered show business as a piano player in nickelodeons, moved to music publishing, and then became an exhibitor of road show… … Encyclopedia of Judaism
Cohn, Harry — (1891 1958) American film executive. Born in New York, he formed a vaudeville partnership with Harry Rubinstein. Later he joined his brother at Universal Studios. In 1920 the brothers along with Joe Brandt formed their own company which later… … Dictionary of Jewish Biography
Cohn, Harry — (23 jul. 1891, Nueva York, N.Y., EE.UU.–27 feb. 1958, Phoenix, Ariz.). Productor de cine estadounidense y cofundador de Columbia Pictures. Trabajó para una distribuidora de películas antes de cofundar la compañía C.B.C. Film Sales Co. (1920), que … Enciclopedia Universal
Cohn — is a common Jewish surname (related to the last name Cohen) and may refer to: Al Cohn Arthur Cohn, Swiss film producer Daniel Cohn Bendit (Danny Cohn Bendit) Dan Cohn Sherbock Edwin J(oseph) Cohn ** Ernst Max Cohn (1920–2004), philatelist from… … Wikipedia
Harry — Harry, Myriam * * * (as used in expressions) Belafonte, Harry Bertoia, Harry Blackmun, Harry Bridges, Harry Callahan, Harry (Morey) Coase, Ronald (Harry) Cohn, Harry Crick, Francis (Harry Compton) Harry Lillis Crosby Haldeman, H(arry) R(obbins)… … Enciclopedia Universal
Harry Cohn — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Cohn. Harry Cohn Données clés Surnom King Cohn Naissance 23 juillet 1891 New York City … Wikipédia en Français
Harry Cohn — Infobox actor name = Harry Cohn imagesize = caption = birthname = birthdate = birth date|1891|7|23|mf=y location = New York City, New York deathdate = death date and age|1958|2|27|1891|7|23|mf=y deathplace = Los Angeles, California yearsactive =… … Wikipedia
harry — /har ee/, v., harried, harrying. v.t. 1. to harass, annoy, or prove a nuisance to by or as if by repeated attacks; worry: He was harried by constant doubts. 2. to ravage, as in war; devastate: The troops harried the countryside. v.i. 3. to make… … Universalium
Harry — /har ee/, n. a male given name, form of Harold or Henry. * * * (as used in expressions) Belafonte Harry Bertoia Harry Blackmun Harry Bridges Harry Callahan Harry Morey Coase Ronald Harry Cohn Harry Crick Francis Harry Compton Harry Lillis Crosby… … Universalium
Cohn — /kohn/, n. 1. Edwin Joseph, 1892 1953, U.S. chemist and researcher on blood proteins. 2. Ferdinand Julius /ferr dn and joohl yeuhs/; Ger. /ferdd di nahnt yooh lee oos /, 1828 98, German botanist and bacteriologist. * * * (as used in expressions)… … Universalium