Clyde, River


Clyde, River
River, southern Scotland.

Scotland's most important river, it flows about 100 mi (160 km) from the Southern Uplands to the Atlantic Ocean. The upper Clyde is a clear fishing stream flowing north, but at Biggar it changes course and winds northwest to the Falls of Clyde. Beyond the falls, the widening Vale of Clyde, famous for the breeding of Clydesdale horses, is intensively cultivated. The Clydeside shipyards border the river for 20 mi (32 km) below Glasgow. At Dumbarton it reaches its estuary, the Firth of Clyde, which extends about 65 mi (105 km).

* * *

      Scotland's most famous and important river (and firth, or estuary), about 106 miles (170 km) in length, discharging to the Atlantic on the western coast. The upper Clyde is a clear fishing stream rising in the moorlands of the Southern Uplands and flowing northward through a valley bordered by river terraces for about 30 miles (48 km) to the neighbourhood of Biggar, where it abruptly changes course. From Biggar the Clyde winds northwestward, falling less than 100 feet (30 m) in 15 miles (24 km) until at the Falls of Clyde it drops 250 feet (75 m) in 4 miles (6.4 km). Waterpower from these falls was important in the siting of local cotton mills in the early 19th century, and there are now some small hydroelectric stations.

 Near Crossford, the widening Vale of Clyde, famous for the breeding of Clydesdale horses (see photograph—>), is intensively cultivated. From Hamilton northward, coal mining and heavy industry become dominant. Following the development of trade with the New World in the 18th century, the Clyde was dredged, deepened, and made navigable to the centre of Glasgow, which soon became a major industrial city and the world's largest shipbuilding centre.

 The famous Clydeside shipyards, which still border the river for 20 miles (32 km) below Glasgow, suffered severely from foreign competition after World War II. The river reaches its estuary, the Firth of Clyde, through hilly country near the coastal towns of Dumbarton and Greenock. From Dumbarton the firth extends about 65 miles (105 km) to the small island of Ailsa Craig. The attractive estuary region has long been popular with tourists. The chief Clydeside ports are Glasgow, Port Glasgow, and Greenock.
 

* * *


Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Clyde River — bezeichnet mehrere Flüsse: River Clyde in Schottland Clyde River (New South Wales) in New South Wales in Australien Clyde River (Tasmania) auf Tasmanien in Australien Clyde River (New York) im Bundesstaat New York der Vereinigten Staaten Clyde… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Clyde river — 70° 28′ 24″ N 68° 35′ 18″ W / 70.473338, 68.588419 …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Clyde River — The following rivers have the name Clyde River: Contents 1 Australia 2 Canada 3 New Zealand …   Wikipedia

  • Clyde River — 70° 28′ 24″ N 68° 35′ 18″ W / 70.473338, 68.588419 …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Clyde River — Original name in latin Clyde River Name in other language YCY State code CA Continent/City America/Iqaluit longitude 70.46916 latitude 68.59143 altitude 9999 Population 1017 Date 2008 04 11 …   Cities with a population over 1000 database

  • Clyde River, Nunavut — Clyde River ᑲᖏᖅᑐᒑᐱᒃ Kangiqtugaapik   Hamlet   Clyde River 1997 …   Wikipedia

  • Clyde River (New South Wales) — Clyde River Bhundoo Frühnebel auf dem Clyde River bei NelligenVorlage:Infobox Fluss/KARTE fehlt …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Clyde River, Prince Edward Island — …   Wikipedia

  • Clyde River, Nova Scotia — Clyde River   Quins road, upper and Lower Clyde, port clyde, oak lane, pulm mill road and many other small places.   …   Wikipedia

  • Clyde-River-Nationalpark — Clyde River Nationalpark …   Deutsch Wikipedia


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.