- Clementi, Muzio
born Jan. 24, 1752, Rome, Papal Statesdied March 10, 1832, Evesham, Worcestershire, Eng.Italian-born English pianist, composer, publisher, and manufacturer.Taken to England at age 13 by a wealthy English traveler who had heard his organ playing, he pursued a rigid course of music studies for seven years while living on his patron's country estate. His keyboard playing and early sonatas gained him renown in London. In 1781 he and Wolfgang A. Mozart competed before the emperor, and he later toured extensively as conductor and pianist. In 1798 he restarted a successful music-publishing and piano-manufacturing firm. His piano pieces were highly influential, and he taught many leading pianists. His works include more than 100 piano sonatas and Gradus ad Parnassum, 3 vol. (1817–26), a popular pedagogical set of 100 diverse piano pieces.
* * *▪ Italian composer and pianistin full Mutius Philippus Vincentius Franciscus Xaverius Clementiborn Jan. 23, 1752, Rome, Papal States [Italy]died March 10, 1832, Evesham, Worcestershire, Eng.Italian-born British pianist and composer whose studies and sonatas developed the techniques of the early piano to such an extent that he was called “the father of the piano.”A youthful prodigy, Clementi was appointed an organist at 9 and at 12 had composed an oratorio. In 1766 Peter Beckford, a cousin of William Beckford, the author of Vathek, prevailed upon Clementi's father to allow him to take the boy to England, where he lived quietly in Wiltshire pursuing a rigorous course of studies. In 1773 he went to London and met with immediate and lasting success as a composer and pianist. The piano had become more popular in England than anywhere else, and Clementi, in studying its special features, made brilliant use of the new instrument and its capabilities. From 1777 to 1780 he was employed as harpsichordist at the Italian Opera in London. In 1780 he went on tour to Paris, Strasbourg, Munich, and Vienna, where he became engaged in a friendly musical duel with Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart at the instigation of the emperor, Joseph II.In 1782 Clementi returned to London, where for the next 20 years he continued his lucrative occupations of fashionable teacher, composer, and performer. He was a shrewd businessman: in 1799—in the wake of Joseph Haydn's London visits and after Mozart's much-publicized remark that he was a “charlatan, like all Italians,” which together had substantially weakened the market for his music—he cofounded a firm for both music publishing and the manufacture of pianos. Among his numerous pupils were Johann Baptist Cramer, Giacomo Meyerbeer, and John Field. Clementi visited the European continent again in 1820 and 1821. In his later years he devoted himself to composition, and to this period belong several symphonies, the scores of which were either lost or incomplete.Clementi's chief claims to fame are his long series of piano sonatas, many of which have been revived, and his celebrated studies for piano, the Gradus ad Parnassum (1817; “Steps Toward Parnassus”). His own contributions to the development of piano technique coincided with the period of the new instrument's first popularity and did much to establish the lines on which piano playing was to develop; important traces of his influence may be found in the piano works of Haydn, Beethoven, and even Mozart, as well as the next generation of pianist-composers.
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Clementi, Muzio — Clementi, Muzio, Pianofortecomponist und vortrefflicher Lehrer, geboren zu Rom 1750, im Sterbejahr J. S. Bach s, auf dessen Grundlage er seine Lehre fortbaute, die wiederum J. B. Cramer erweiterte. Ein reicher Engländer, den Clementi s Talent… … Damen Conversations Lexikon
Clementi, Muzio — ► (1752 1832) Pianista y maestro de música italiano. Es uno de los creadores del estilo pianístico moderno. * * * (24 ene. 1752, Roma, Estados Pontificios–10 mar. 1832, Evesham, Worcestershire, Inglaterra). Pianista, compositor, editor y… … Enciclopedia Universal
CLEMENTI, MUZIO — a musical composer, especially of pieces for the pianoforte, born in Rome; was the father of pianoforte music; one of the foremost pianists of his day; was buried in Westminster (1752 1832) … The Nuttall Encyclopaedia
Clementi — Clementi, Muzio … Enciclopedia Universal
Muzio Clementi — (* 23. Januar 1752 in Rom; † 10. März 1832 in Evesham) war ein italienischer Komponist, Pianist und Musikpädagoge, ferner auch Dirigent, Klavierbauer und Musikverleger. Inhaltsverzeichni … Deutsch Wikipedia
Muzio Clementi — (24 janvier 1752 10 mars 1832) est un compositeur italien, principalement connu de son temps comme pianiste, mais qui était également organiste et claveciniste. Il est considéré comme le premier à avoir composé spécifiquement… … Wikipédia en Français
Muzio Clementi — Muzio Clementi. Muzio Clementi (24 de enero de 1752 – 10 de marzo de 1832) fue un compositor clásico, y reconocido como el primero que escribió específicamente para piano. Es más conocido por su colección de estudios para piano Gradus ad… … Wikipedia Español
Clémenti — Clementi ist der Familienname folgender Personen: Aldo Clementi (* 1925), italienischer Komponist, Vater von Anna Anna Clementi (* 20. Jahrhundert), italienische Sängerin (Sopran), Tochter von Aldo Giuseppe C. Clementi (1812–1873), italienischer… … Deutsch Wikipedia
CLEMENTI (M.) — CLEMENTI MUZIO (1752 1832) Pianiste, compositeur et éditeur de musique italien né à Rome, Muzio Clementi fut sans doute le premier à avoir, dès les années 1780, non seulement écrit mais aussi et surtout adapté sa musique au piano «moderne», et à… … Encyclopédie Universelle
Clementi — Clementi, Muzio, Komponist, geb. 1752 in Rom, gest. 10. März 1832 zu Evesham in Warwickshire (England), war schon als Knabe von 14 Jahren durch tüchtige Lehrer (Buroni, Carpini, Santarelli) so weit vorgebildet, daß er die Bewunderung eines… … Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon