- Cibber, Colley
born Nov. 6, 1671, London, Eng.died Dec. 11, 1757, LondonBritish actor-manager, playwright, and poet.He began his career as an actor in 1690. His Love's Last Shift (1696) is considered the first sentimental comedy. Cibber and two other actor-managers comanaged the Drury Lane Theatre (1710–33). He was appointed poet laureate in 1730. His autobiography, An Apology for the Life of Mr. Colley Cibber (1740), contains the best account of the theatre of his day. Tactless, rude, and supremely self-confident, he was the target of many personal and political attacks; Alexander Pope mocked him as king of the dunces in his satirical poem The Dunciad. See also actor-manager system.
* * *▪ English actor and authorborn Nov. 6, 1671, London, Eng.died Dec. 11, 1757, LondonEnglish actor, theatre manager, playwright, and poet laureate of England, whose play Love's Last Shift; or, The Fool in Fashion (1696) is generally considered the first sentimental comedy, a form of drama that dominated the English stage for nearly a century. His autobiography, An Apology for the Life of Mr. Colley Cibber (1740), contains the best account of the theatre of his day and is an invaluable study of the art of acting as it was practiced by his contemporaries.A well-educated son of the sculptor Caius Gabriel Cibber, he began his acting career in 1690 with Thomas Betterton (Betterton, Thomas)'s company at the Drury Lane Theatre, London. Marrying three years later and finding his earnings as an actor inadequate, he wrote Love's Last Shift to provide himself with a role; the play established his reputation both as actor and as playwright. The playwright Sir John Vanbrugh honoured it with a sequel, The Relapse: or, Virtue in Danger (1696), in which Cibber's character Sir Novelty Fashion has become Lord Foppington, a role created by Cibber. In 1700 Cibber produced his famous adaptation of Shakespeare's Richard III, which held the stage as the preferred acting version of that play until the original version was restored by the actor Henry Irving in 1871. Cibber's adaptation was notable for such Shakespearean-sounding lines as “Off with his head—so much for Buckingham!” and “Conscience, avaunt, Richard's himself again!” Cibber also wrote other comedies of manners, including She Wou'd, and She Wou'd Not (1702) and The Careless Husband (1704).At this time Cibber entered upon a series of complex intrigues to obtain a position in theatre management. By 1710 he was, with Robert Wilks and Thomas Doggett (the latter soon to be replaced by Barton Booth), one of a famous “triumvirate” of actor-managers under which Drury Lane Theatre conspicuously prospered.After the death of Queen Anne, Cibber entered the political arena, writing and adapting plays (notably The Non-Juror, in 1717, from Molière's Tartuffe) in support of the Whig cause, with a skill and energy that in 1730 led to his appointment as poet laureate. In 1728 he completed The Provok'd Husband, a play left unfinished by Vanbrugh at his death in 1726. Anne Oldfield, Cibber's leading actress, died in 1730; and Wilks, his first partner in management, died in 1733. The next year Cibber announced his retirement from management. Nevertheless, he did not make his final stage appearance until Feb. 15, 1745, when he played in his own adaptation of Shakespeare's King John.Tactless, rude, and supremely self-confident, Cibber was the target of many attacks, both personal and political. In the 1743 edition of Alexander Pope's (Pope, Alexander) satirical poem The Dunciad, Cibber was elevated to the doubtful eminence of hero. He responded with spirit, publishing three letters attacking Pope that, according to Dr. Johnson, caused the latter poet to writhe in anguish.Additional ReadingHelene Koon, Colley Cibber (1986).
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Cibber, Colley — (1671 1757) Cibber s father was Caius Cibber, the sculptor. Although his parents hoped he would be a clergyman, he turned to the stage in 1690 and became a popular comedian, wrote or adapted some thirty plays, and became manager of Drury Lane… … British and Irish poets
Cibber, Colley — (6 nov. 1671, Londres, Inglaterra–11 dic. 1757, Londres). Actor empresario, dramaturgo y poeta británico. Empezó su carrera como actor en 1690. Su Último ardid del amor (1696) es considerada la primera comedia sentimental. Cibber y otros dos… … Enciclopedia Universal
Cibber,Colley — Cib·ber (sĭbʹər), Colley. 1671 1757. English playwright and theatrical manager who wrote comedies such as The Careless Husband (1704) and was appointed poet laureate in 1730. He was ridiculed by the great writers of the time, including Alexander… … Universalium
CIBBER, COLLEY — actor and dramatist, of German descent; was manager and part proprietor of Drury Lane; wrote plays, one in particular, which procured for him the post of poet laureate, which he held till his death; was much depreciated by Pope; wrote an… … The Nuttall Encyclopaedia
Cibber, Colley — (1671 1757) Actor and dramatist, b. in London, s. of a Danish sculptor, and ed. at Grantham School. Soon after his return to London he took to the stage. Beginning with tragedy, in which he failed, he turned to comedy, and became popular in… … Short biographical dictionary of English literature
Colley Cibber — plays the part of Lord F … Wikipedia
Colley Cibber — Colley Cibber. Colley Cibber, gelegentl. Cooley Cibber, (* 6. November 1671 in London; † 12. November 1757 ebenda) war ein britischer Theaterleiter, Impresario, Dramatiker und Dichter. Cibber schrieb eine Reihe von Stücken, welche von seiner… … Deutsch Wikipedia
Colley Cibber — (6 novembre 1671 – 12 novembre 1757), est un dramaturge et acteur anglais. Il était fils d un sculpteur distingué. Il excellait dans le genre comique et la caricature. Il devint en 1711 un des directeurs du Théâtre de Drury Lane, et fut nommé en … Wikipédia en Français
Colley Cibber — Colley Cibber. Colley Cibber (Londres, 6 de noviembre de 1671 ib. 12 de noviembre de 1757) fue un actor, dramaturgo y poeta inglés. Fue el primer actor que realizó también trabajos de dirección lo que estableció su importancia en la historia del… … Wikipedia Español
Cibber — may refer to: People Caius Gabriel Cibber – Danish sculptor Charlotte Cibber – English actress, playwright, novelist, autobiographer, and noted transvestite Colley Cibber – British actor, playwright, and Poet Laureate Susannah Maria Cibber –… … Wikipedia