- Chosŏn dynasty
or Yi dynasty(1392–1910) Last and longest-lived of Korea's dynasties.Chinese cultural influences were intense in this period, when Neo-Confucianism was adopted as the ideology of the state and society. In the late 16th and early 17th centuries, Korea suffered invasions at the hands of the Japanese and Manchus. Many cultural assets were lost, and it took the country nearly a century to recover. At the end of the 19th century, foreign powers once again threatened Korea; it was annexed by Japan in 1910. During the Chosŏn dynasty the Korean alphabetic script Hangul (see Korean language) was created, and the yangban, a new aristocracy, was established. See also Yi Song-gye.
* * *▪ Korean historyalso called Yi dynastythe last and longest-lived imperial dynasty (1392–1910) of Korea. Founded by Gen. Yi Sŏng-gye, who established the capital at Hanyang (present-day Seoul), the kingdom was named Chosŏn for the state of the same name that had dominated the Korean peninsula in ancient times. The regime is also frequently referred to as the Yi dynasty, for its ruling family.General Yi established close relationships with the neighbouring Ming dynasty (1368–1644) of china, which considered Korea a client state, and Chinese cultural influences were very strong during this period. Chosŏn's administration was modeled after the Chinese bureaucracy, and Neo-Confucianism was adopted as the ideology of the state and society.Under the previous dynasties, ownership of land was concentrated in the hands of a few high-ranking bureaucrats, but Yi Sŏng-gye and his successors redistributed the land throughout the various levels of officialdom, creating a new aristocracy of scholar-officials called the yangban. Scholarship flourished under the Chosŏn dynasty, and in 1443, during the reign of King Sejong, the Korean phonetic alphabet, Hangul (han'gŭl), was invented. By the time of the Chosŏn ruler King Sŏngjong (1470–94), a bureaucratic system for government administration was established.In 1592 Korea suffered an invasion from Japan. Although Chinese troops helped repel the invaders, the country was devastated. This was followed by the invasion of northwestern Korea in 1627 by the Manchu tribes of Manchuria, who were attempting to protect their rear in preparation for their invasion of China. Many cultural assets were lost, and the power of the central government was severely weakened. By the reigns of King Yŏngjo (1724–76) and King Chŏngjo (1776–1800), the country had largely recovered from the destruction of the wars. With an increased use of irrigation, agriculture was in a prosperous condition, and a monetary economy was burgeoning. In an effort to solve administrative problems, a school of learning called Silhak, or “Practical Learning,” arose.Korea maintained an isolationist policy until the 1880s. The Treaty of Kanghwa (1876), concluded at the insistence of Japan, defined Korea as an independent state and led to the establishment of diplomatic relations with not only Japan but also China. China lobbied for Korea to open up to trade with the West, especially the United States, for the first time, and the country soon became an arena for competition among the powers. Japanese influence in the area became predominant, especially after the Japanese victory in wars with China (the Sino-Japanese War, 1894–95) and Russia (the Russo-Japanese War, 1904–05). Korean opposition to Japanese dominance grew, and in 1895 Japanese agents assassinated Queen Min, who was suspected of encouraging the resistance. Her husband, King Kojong, remained on the throne until 1907, when he was forced to cede it to his son. In 1910 Japan formally annexed Korea, bringing the Chosŏn dynasty to an end.
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dynasty — dynastic /duy nas tik/; Brit. also /di nas tik/, dynastical, adj. dynastically, adv. /duy neuh stee/; Brit. also /din euh stee/, n., pl. dynasties. 1. a sequence of rulers from the same family, stock, or group: the Ming dynasty … Universalium
Choson — may refer to: Joseon Dynasty Gojoseon Chosŏn, a name of Korea This disambiguation page lists articles associated with the same title. If an internal link led you here, you may wish to cha … Wikipedia
Joseon Dynasty — Joseon redirects here. For other uses, see Joseon (disambiguation). Kingdom of Joseon 조선국 (朝鮮國) 조선왕조 (朝鮮王朝) … Wikipedia
Annals of the Joseon Dynasty — Hangul 조선왕조실록 Hanja 朝鮮王朝實錄 Revised Romanization … Wikipedia
Annals of Joseon Dynasty — Infobox Korean name hangul=조선왕조실록 hanja=朝鮮王朝實錄 rr=Joseon Wangjo Sillok mr=Chosŏn Wangjo ShillokThe Annals of Joseon Dynasty (known also as The true record of the Joseon Dynasty ) are the annual records of the Joseon Dynasty, who ruled Korea, and… … Wikipedia
Political factions in Joseon Dynasty — Infobox Korean name hangul=붕당 hanja=朋黨 rr=Bung dang mr=Pung tang The Bungdang (Hangul: 붕당, Hanja: 朋黨) was called political factions during the Joseon Dynasty. Throughout the Dynasty, various regional and ideological factions struggled for… … Wikipedia
Royal Tombs of the Joseon Dynasty — Infobox Korean name caption = The tomb of King Sejong the Great exemplifies the general style of Joseon Dynasty royal tombs. hangul = 조선왕릉 hanja = linktext|朝鮮|王|陵 rr = Joseon wangneung mr = Chosŏn wangnŭngThe Royal Tombs of the Joseon Dynasty are … Wikipedia
arts, East Asian — Introduction music and visual and performing arts of China, Korea, and Japan. The literatures of these countries are covered in the articles Chinese literature, Korean literature, and Japanese literature. Some studies of East Asia… … Universalium
Korea — /keuh ree euh, kaw , koh /, n. 1. a former country in E Asia, on a peninsula SE of Manchuria and between the Sea of Japan and the Yellow Sea: a kingdom prior to 1910; under Japanese rule 1910 45; now divided at 38° N into North Korea and South… … Universalium
Korean literature — Introduction the body of works written by Koreans, at first in classical Chinese, later in various transcription systems using Chinese characters, and finally in Hangul (Korean: han gŭl; or Hankul in the Yale romanization), the national… … Universalium