- Chippendale, Thomas
(baptized June 5, 1718, Otley, Eng.died November 1779, London) English cabinetmaker.Little is known of his life before 1753, when he opened a showroom and workshop in London. In 1754 he published The Gentleman and Cabinet-Maker's Director, a popular collection of designs illustrating almost every type of domestic furniture. The designs were mostly his improvements on already existing styles. Though much 18th-century furniture is attributed to him, only a few pieces can be assigned with certainty to his workshop. See also Chippendale style.
* * *▪ British cabinetmakerbaptized June 5, 1718, Otley, Yorkshire, Englanddied November 1779, Londonone of the leading cabinetmakers of 18th-century England and one of the most perplexing figures in the history of furniture. His name is synonymous with the Anglicized Rococo style.Nothing is known of Chippendale's early life until his marriage to Catherine Redshaw in London in 1748. In 1753 he moved to St. Martin's Lane, where he maintained his showrooms, workshops, and home for the rest of his life. In 1754 he published his celebrated Gentleman and Cabinet-Maker's Director; this work was the most important collection of furniture designs theretofore published in England, illustrating almost every type of mid-18th-century domestic furniture. The first and second (1755) editions contained 160 plates, the third edition (published in weekly parts, 1759–62), 200; the designs largely were Chippendale's improvements on the fashionable furniture styles and designs of the time.Chippendale was elected to the Society of Arts in 1759 but declined reelection in the following year. Meanwhile he had become a partner with James Rannie, apparently an upholsterer, who died in 1766. Chippendale continued the business alone until he took Thomas Haig, Rannie's former clerk, into partnership in 1771. Chippendale's first wife died in 1772, and he married Elizabeth Davis in 1777. He died of tuberculosis.Although head of an important firm, Chippendale was not the greatest of all English furniture makers, and his exaggerated posthumous reputation is attributable largely to the Director. A 20th-century scholarly investigation revealed him as essentially a collector and extremely talented modifier of already existing styles, notably Rococo (Rococo style), which is characteristically used in Chippendale's many designs for mahogany chairs with intricately pierced slats and for elaborately carved case furniture. Other designs in the Director show the Rococo adaptations of Chinese and Gothic styles, some to be carved in softwood and gilded or japanned (an East Asian process, similar to lacquering). Though the plates in the Director are signed by Chippendale, it is now accepted that some were by other designers in the Rococo style, notably Henry Copland, who had published designs earlier, and Matthias Lock, whom Chippendale had hired to provide special designs for clients.Chippendale's name is given indiscriminately to great quantities of mid-18th-century furniture; but, in fact, only comparatively few pieces can be assigned with certainty to his workshop. Once established as head of a large firm, he did not make furniture himself. Even pieces that resemble designs in the Director cannot be attributed to his shop without further evidence, for the designs were available to contemporary cabinetmakers, some of whose names appear in the original list of subscribers. Where a piece corresponds to a Director plate and where the original owner was a subscriber to the Director or is known to have employed Chippendale, a tentative attribution may be made, such as the extraordinary bedroom suite at Badminton House, Gloucestershire, now in the Victoria and Albert Museum, London. Cabinetmakers in the American colonies borrowed heavily from the Director.From the 1760s onward, influenced by the great English designer Robert Adam, Chippendale adopted the new Neoclassical style. Existing bills for work carried out by his firm at Nostell Priory and Harewood House, Yorkshire, during this final phase of his career identify the fine Neoclassical mahogany and marquetried satinwood furniture with which he supplied these houses and show that, as cabinetmakers and upholsterers, his firm undertook all branches of interior decoration. His cornice for a Venetian window, sofas, and dressing tables canopied with overdrapes are characteristic of the upholsterer's art in the mid-18th century. The superb satinwood and inlaid commodes (possibly designed by Thomas Chippendale II) and other furniture at Harewood House are masterpieces of the cabinetmaker's craft, upon which his reputation may safely rest.
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Chippendale,Thomas — Chippendale, Thomas. 1718 1779. British cabinetmaker noted for his graceful neoclassical furniture, particularly chairs, which had wide influence on his contemporary artisans. * * * … Universalium
Chippendale, Thomas, II — ▪ British cabinetmaker born c. 1749 died 1822 son of the cabinetmaker Thomas Chippendale, who succeeded his father as head of the family workshop. Until the retirement of Thomas Haig in 1796, the firm traded under the title… … Universalium
Chippendale, Thomas — ► (1718 79) Ebanista británico. Sus trabajos han dado nombre a un estilo de muebles mundialmente difundido. Autor de Guía del caballero y del ebanista (1754), que señaló las características del estilo chippendale. * * * (bautizado el 5 jun. 1718 … Enciclopedia Universal
CHIPPENDALE, THOMAS — a cabinet maker, born in Worcestershire; famous in the last century for the quality and style of his workmanship; his work still much in request … The Nuttall Encyclopaedia
Chippendale, Thomas — (c. 1718–1779) English furniture designer and manufacturer … Bryson’s dictionary for writers and editors
Thomas Chippendale — Una silla estilo Chippendale con un elaborado respaldo en «lazada». Nacimiento ca 5 de junio de 1718 Otley, West Yorkshire … Wikipedia Español
chippendale — [ ʃipɛndal ] adj. inv. • 1922; de T. Chippendale, ébéniste angl. ♦ Didact. Qui appartient à un style de mobilier anglais du XVIIIe s. Des commodes chippendale. N. m. inv. Se meubler en chippendale. Chippendale (Thomas) (v. 1718 1779) ébéniste… … Encyclopédie Universelle
CHIPPENDALE (T.) — CHIPPENDALE THOMAS (1718 env. 1779) On a peu de données précises sur la vie de Chippendale. On sait seulement qu’il naquit dans le Yorkshire et que son père, menuisier ébéniste, s’installa à Londres dès 1727. Il est ainsi baigné très jeune dans… … Encyclopédie Universelle
Thomas — Thomas, Albert Thomas, André Antoine Thomas, Ch. L. Ambroise Thomas, Dylan Thomas, Sidney Gilchrist Thomas, Theodore * * * (as used in expressions) Adès, Thomas … Enciclopedia Universal
Thomas Chippendale — A provincial Chippendale style chair with elaborate Gothick tracery splat back Thomas Chippendale (probably born at Farnley near Otley, baptised at Otley 16 June [O.S. 5 June] 1718 November 1779)  was a London cabinet maker and furniture… … Wikipedia