- Chatterjee, Bankim Chandra
orig. Bankim Chandra Cattopadhyayborn June 26/27, 1838, near Naihati, Bengal, Indiadied April 8, 1894, CalcuttaIndian novelist.Chatterjee was educated in Calcutta (now Kolkata) and served as a deputy magistrate in civil service for many years. His first notable Bengali work was Daughter of the Lord of the Fort (1865). His epoch-making newspaper, Bangadarsan, serialized some of his later works. Though his novels were considered structurally faulty, his contemporaries saw him as a prophet, and his valiant Hindu heroes aroused great pride and patriotism. He helped create the Indian school of fiction and established Bengali prose as a literary language. Chatterjee is considered the greatest Bengali novelist.
* * *▪ Indian authorChatterjee also spelled Catterji , Bengali Baṇkim Candra Caṭṭopādhyāyborn June 26/27, 1838, near Naihati, Bengal, Indiadied April 8, 1894, CalcuttaIndian author, whose novels firmly established prose as a literary vehicle for the Bengali language and helped create in India a school of fiction on the European model.Bankim Chandra was a member of an orthodox Brahman family and was educated at Hooghly College, at Presidency College, Calcutta, and at the University of Calcutta, of which he was one of the first graduates. From 1858, until his retirement in 1891, he served as a deputy magistrate in the Indian civil service.Some of Bankim Chandra's youthful compositions appeared in the newspaper Sambad Prabhakar, and in 1858 he published a volume of poems entitled Lalita O Manas. For a while he wrote in English, and his novel Rajmohan's Wife appeared serially in Indian Field in 1864. His first notable Bengali work was the novel Durgeśnandinī, which features a Rajput hero and a Bengali heroine. In itself it is of indifferent quality, but in the philosopher Debendranath Tagore's words, it took “the Bengali heart by storm,” and with it the Bengali novel was full born. Kapālkuṇḍalā, a love story against a gruesome background of Tantric rites, was published in 1866; and Mṛṇālinī, which was set at the time of the first Muslim invasion of Bengal, in 1869.Baṅgadarśan, Bankim Chandra's epochmaking newspaper, commenced publication in 1872, and in it some of his later novels were serialized. Biṣabṛksa, which poses the problem of widow remarriage, and Indira were published in 1873; Yugalanguriya in 1874; Radharani and Candraśekhar in 1875; Rajanī in 1877; Kṛṣṇakānter Uil, which the author considered his greatest novel, in 1878; Rājsiṃha, a story of Rajput heroism and Muslim oppression, in 1881; Ānandamaṭh, a patriotic tale of the revolt of the sannyasis against the Muslim forces of the East India company, in 1882; Debī Caudhurānī, a domestic novel with a background of dacoity, in 1884; and finally, in 1886, Sītārām, a marital tangle and a struggle of Hindus against Muslim tyranny.Bankim Chandra's novels are considered exciting to read but structurally faulty. Serial publication was partly responsible for imperfect integration of the various episodes. Evolution of plot depends too frequently on chance or supernatural intervention, and characterization is often subordinated to an overriding didactic purpose. His achievements, however, outweigh these technical imperfections. To his contemporaries his voice was that of a prophet; his valiant Hindu heroes aroused their patriotism and pride of race. In him nationalism and Hinduism merged as one; and his creed was epitomized in the song “Bande Mātaram” (“Hail to thee, Mother”)—from his novel Ānandamaṭh—which later became the mantra (“hymn”) and slogan of Hindu India in its struggle for independence.
* * *
Look at other dictionaries:
Chatterjee, Bankim Chandra — orig. Bankim Chandra Cattopadhyay (26/27 jun. 1838, cerca de Naihati, Bengala, India–8 abr. 1894, Calcuta). Novelista indio. Chatterjee se educó en Calcuta (ahora Kolkata) y se desempeñó durante varios años como juez de causas menores en el… … Enciclopedia Universal
Bankim Chandra Chattopadhyay — বঙ্কিমচন্দ্র চট্টোপাধ্যায় Bankim Chandra Chattopadhyay Born 27 June 1838(1838 06 27) Naihati, Bengal, India Died 8 April 1894 … Wikipedia
Bankim Chandra Chatterji — Bankim Chandra Chatterjee Bankim Chandra Chatterji, en bengalî বঙ্কিম চন্দ্র চট্টোপাধ্যায়< (Bankim Chandra Chattopadhyay), anglicisé en Bankim Chandra Chatterjee, est un écrivain bengalî, né le 26 juin 1838 à Kantalpara, mort le… … Wikipédia en Français
Bankim Chandra Chattopadhyay — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Bankim Chandra Chattopadhyay Bankim Chandra Chatterjee Nombre Bankim Chandra Chattopadhyay … Wikipedia Español
Bankim Chandra Chatterjee — Bankim Chandra Chattopadhyay Bankim Chandra Chattopadhyay (anglisierend auch Chatterjee; bengalisch: বঙ্কিম চন্দ্র চট্টোপাধ্যায, Baṅkima Candra Caṭṭopādhyāẏa; * 26. Juni 1838 in Kanthalpara; † 8. April 1894 in Kolkata) war ein indischer Autor aus … Deutsch Wikipedia
Bankim Chandra Chattopadhyay — (anglisierend auch Chatterjee; bengalisch: বঙ্কিম চন্দ্র চট্টোপাধ্যায, Baṅkima Candra Caṭṭopādhyāẏa; * 26. Juni 1838 in Kanthalpara; † 8. April 1894 in Kolkata) war ein indischer Autor aus … Deutsch Wikipedia
Chandra — (as used in expressions) Bose Subhas Chandra Chandra Gupta II Chatterjee Bankim Chandra Bankim Chandra Cattopadhyay Chandra Mohan Jain * * * … Universalium
Chandra — (as used in expressions) Bose, Subhas Chandra Chatterjee, Bankim Chandra Bankim Chandra Cattopadhyay Chandra Mohan Jain … Enciclopedia Universal
Chatterjee — (sometimes Chatterji) (Bengali: চ্যাটার্জি Chêṭarji) is an Indian family name of a Bengali Brahmin caste; it is a variant of Chattopadhyay(a) (Bengali: চট্টোপাধ্যায় Chôṭṭopaddhae). Chattopadhyay (compound of village name Chaṭṭa and upādhyāya… … Wikipedia
Chatterjee — Chattopadhyay (bengali: চট্টোপাধ্যায়, Caṭṭopādhyāẏ) ist ein bengalischer Familienname. Er taucht auch häufig in der anglisierenden Kurzform Chatterjee auf. Bekannte Personen dieses Namens sind: Anil Chattopadhyay (* 1928), indischer Schauspieler … Deutsch Wikipedia