Chattanooga, Battle of


Chattanooga, Battle of
(Nov. 23–25, 1863) Decisive engagement of the American Civil War.

The battle was fought at Chattanooga, Tenn., a vital railroad junction. A Confederate army under Braxton Bragg besieged a Union army in September 1863, and to lift the siege, Union troops under Ulysses S. Grant marched on Bragg's troops. At battles on Lookout Mountain and Missionary Ridge, the Union troops forced the Confederate army to retreat. With this victory, the North was poised to split the South horizontally by marching across Georgia to the sea. See also Battle of Chickamauga.

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▪ United States history
  (November 23–25, 1863), in the American Civil War, a decisive engagement fought at Chattanooga on the Tennessee River in late November 1863, which contributed significantly to victory for the North. Chattanooga had strategic importance as a vital railroad junction for the Confederacy. In September 1863 a Federal army led by General William S. Rosecrans (Rosecrans, William S) was besieged there by a Southern army commanded by General Braxton Bragg (Bragg, Braxton). The following month General Ulysses S. Grant (Grant, Ulysses S.) took over the campaign to relieve the Union troops and seize the offensive. With the help of reinforcements from General Joseph Hooker (Hooker, Joseph) and General William Tecumseh Sherman (Sherman, William Tecumseh), the Federal forces defeated the Confederates in the Battles of Lookout Mountain (Lookout Mountain, Battle of) (see photograph—>) and Missionary Ridge (Missionary Ridge, Battle of) and lifted the siege; by the end of the month the Confederate army was in retreat into Georgia. Losses of men were less than at Chickamauga (about 6,000 Union and 7,000 Confederate), but the result was completely decisive, ranking in importance with Vicksburg and Gettysburg the same year. The way had been opened for Sherman's march to Atlanta and Savannah the following year.

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Universalium. 2010.

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