Chalcedon, Council of


Chalcedon, Council of
(451) Fourth ecumenical council of the Christian Church, held in Chalcedon (modern Kadiköy, Turkey).

Called by the emperor Marcian, it approved the creeds of Nicaea (325) and Constantinople (381, later known as the Nicene Creed) and rejected the Monophysite heresy. The council disciplined clergy and declared Jerusalem and Constantinople patriarchates.

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      the fourth ecumenical council of the Christian Church, held in Chalcedon (modern Kadiköy, Tur.) in 451. Convoked by the emperor Marcian, it was attended by about 520 bishops or their representatives and was the largest and best-documented of the early councils. It approved the creed of Nicaea (325), the creed of Constantinople (381; subsequently known as the Nicene Creed), two letters of Cyril against Nestorius, which insisted on the unity of divine and human persons in Christ, and the Tome of Pope Leo I confirming two distinct natures in Christ and rejecting the monophysite doctrine that Christ had only one nature. The council then explained these doctrines in its own confession of faith.

      Besides reinforcing canons of earlier church councils as well as declarations of some local synods, the council issued disciplinary decrees affecting monks and clergy and declared Jerusalem and Constantinople patriarchates. The overall effect was to give the church a more stable institutional character.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

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  • CHALCEDON, COUNCIL OF —    the fourth ECUMENICAL council held in 451 A.D. The council arose from a CHRISTOLOGICAL dispute about the true NATURE of CHRIST S manhood and resulted in the definition of Chalcedon …   Concise dictionary of Religion

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  • Council of Chalcedon — Date 451 A.D. Accepted by Roman Catholics, Old Catholics, Eastern Orthodox, Anglicans, Lutherans Previous council First Council of Ephesus Next council Second Council of Constantinople …   Wikipedia

  • Chalcedon — • A titular see of Asia Minor. The city was founded 676 B. C. by the Megarians on the Bithynian coast, opposite the place where a little later Byzantium rose Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006. Chalcedon     Chalcedon …   Catholic encyclopedia


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