Carrickfergus


Carrickfergus
District (pop., 2001: 37,659), northeastern Northern Ireland.

Established in 1974, it lies on Belfast Lough. The name, meaning "rock of Fergus," commemorates King Fergus, shipwrecked off the coast с AD 320. Carrickfergus town (pop., 1991: 22,786) is the district seat. Carrickfergus Castle, a relic of the Norman period, sits on a crag above the town; it was a refuge for the Protestants of Antrim in the English Civil Wars.

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Irish  Carraig Fhearghais 

      town and district (established 1973), formerly in County Antrim, Northern Ireland, on the northern shore of Belfast Lough (inlet of the sea). The name, meaning “rock of Fergus,” commemorates King Fergus, who was shipwrecked off the coast about AD 320. Because of its strategic position on a rocky spur above the harbour, Carrickfergus Castle, a perfectly preserved relic of the Norman period, has played a large part in Irish history. It was besieged and taken by the Scot Edward Bruce, brother of King Robert I the Bruce, in 1316, but reverted to English rule in 1318 and remained an isolated stronghold of the English crown. In the English Civil War (1642–51) the castle was one of the chief places of refuge for the Protestants of Antrim; in 1642 the first presbytery held in Ireland met there. It was later held by partisans of the English king James II but surrendered in 1689 to the Duke of Schomberg, and in 1690 William III landed there on his expedition to Ireland.

      Although chartered since the reign of Elizabeth I, the corporation of Carrickfergus town was superseded in 1840 by a board of municipal commissioners. Carrickfergus was the county town (seat) of Antrim until 1850. Local industries include synthetic fibre works and cigarette and clothing factories. The parish Church of St. Nicholas, begun by John de Courci at the end of the 12th century, is renowned for its monument (1625) to Lord Chichester, lord deputy of Ireland (1604–14). Carrickfergus district is bordered by Newtownabbey district to the west and Larne district to the north. Its northwestern section is hilly terrain, sloping southward to the flat shores of Belfast Lough. Salt is mined at the village of Eden, northeast of Carrickfergus town, and a sizable wooded area in western Carrickfergus district affords scenic camping and hiking. Carrickfergus town is a pleasure-boat centre and is connected by road to Belfast. Area district, 30 square miles (77 square km). Pop. (2001) town, 27,201; (2001 prelim.) district, 37,659.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Carrickfergus — Carrickfergus …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Carrickfergus — Castle Carrickfergus (irisch Carraig Fhearghais – Felsen Ferguss) ist eine nordirische Stadt im Norden des Belfast Lough. Inhaltsverzeichnis 1 …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Carrickfergus —   [kærɪk fəːgəs],    1) Stadt an der Ostküste Nordirlands, Verwaltungssitz von 2), 16 600 Einwohner; Chemiefaserverarbeitung; Hafen am Belfast Lough.   Geschichte:   Carrickfergus entstand um eine normannische Burg (12. Jahrhundert).    2)… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Carrickfergus — (spr. Karrikferrgöß), 1) Baronie der irischen Grafschaft Antrim (Provinz Ulster); 2) Hauptstadt daselbst an der Bai gleiches Namens, Sitz der Assisen u. Hauptwaffenplatz der Grafschaft, Rathhaus, Kirche, Hospitäler, Baumwollen u.… …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Carrickfergus — (spr. kärricksörgös), Stadt in der irischen Grafschaft Antrim, an der Belfast Lough genannten Bai, nordöstlich von Bel fast, mit altem Felsenkastell am Meer (1178 von Hugues de Lancy erbaut, jetzt Zeughaus), einem kleinen Hafen und Seebad,… …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Carrickfergus — (spr. kärrickföhrgöß), Stadt in der irischen Grafsch. Antrim, am Belfast Lough, (1891) 8923 E.; Hafen, Austernfischerei, Seebäder …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

  • Carrickfergus — (Kärrikferrghöß), irische Stadt in der Prov. Ulster, Grafschaft Antrim, an der Bai Belfast Lough, mit 9500 E., stark besuchten Seebädern, Baumwoll und Leinewebereien, Fisch und Austernfang …   Herders Conversations-Lexikon

  • Carrickfergus — Infobox UK place official name= Carrickfergus irish name= Carraig Fhearghais map type= Northern Ireland latitude= 54.716 longitude= 5.803 population= 27,201 (2001 Census) irish grid reference= unitary northern ireland= Carrickfergus Borough… …   Wikipedia

  • Carrickfergus — Original name in latin Carrickfergus Name in other language Carraig Fhearghais, Karikfergusas, Karikfurgus, Kehrrikfergjus, Карикфъргъс, Кэррикфергюс State code GB Continent/City Europe/London longitude 54.7158 latitude 5.8058 altitude 7… …   Cities with a population over 1000 database

  • Carrickfergus — Sp Karikfèrgusas Ap Carrickfergus L mst. Anglijoje, Š. Airijos mst. ir apygarda, D. Britanija …   Pasaulio vietovardžiai. Internetinė duomenų bazė


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