Carnuntum


Carnuntum
Ancient town, Roman empire.

Located in northern Pannonia on the Danube River, it was an important Roman post from the time of Augustus. It was used as a base by Marcus Aurelius in his campaign against the Marcommani (AD 171–73); there he wrote the second book of his Meditations. The camp was finally destroyed by Germans in the 4th century.

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▪ ancient site, Austria
      the most important ancient Roman legionary camp of the upper Danube frontier, situated at Petronell, 20 miles (32 km) east of Vienna. It was the emperor Tiberius's base in his attacks on the Marcomanni (AD 6), although a fort for one legion was first erected under the emperor Claudius. Stone structures built then were repaired AD 73–76.

      In AD 106 it became the capital of the province of Upper Pannonia. Here the emperor Marcus Aurelius wrote the second book of his Meditations during his campaign against the Marcomanni (172–174). The flourishing town was destroyed by the Marcomanni, but was soon rebuilt and had regained its prosperity by the early 3rd century under Septimius Severus (Severus, Septimius). The Conference of the Emperors Diocletian, Galerius, and Maximian was held here in 308. The altar to Mithra set up by them is an important historical source. Valentinian I stayed at Carnuntum in 375 during his campaign against the Germans. The German invasion of 395 signaled the end of Carnuntum and Pannonia was surrendered to the Huns in 433. After that, the historical record is silent on Carnuntum.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

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  • Carnuntum — (Καρνοιις in Ptolemy) was an important Roman army camp in what is now Austria. It belonged originally to Noricum province, but after the 1st century was part of Pannonia. Its remains are on the main road halfway between Vienna and Bratislava, on… …   Wikipedia

  • Carnuntum — (a. Geogr.), alte celtische Stadt an dem Danubius in Oberpannonien, wurde im Jahre 9 n. Chr. römisch mit dem Rang einer Municipalstadt, nach Andern Colonie, mit Waffenfabrik; hier lag die Donauflotte u. eine römische Legion, Severus u. Licinius… …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Carnúntum — Carnúntum, alte kelt. Stadt in Pannonien, an der Donau, ein für den Handel mit Germanien und militärisch höchst wichtig gelegener Ort, das gewöhnliche Winterquartier der römischen Truppen und Station der Donauflottille. Von hier aus unternahm… …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Carnúntum — Carnúntum, norischer (kelt.) Ort und ehemal. röm. Festung in Pannonien, r. von der Donau. Ruinen zu Deutsch Altenburg mit Museum. – Vgl. Kubitschek und Frankfurter (5. Aufl. 1904) …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

  • Carnuntum — 48° 06′ 58″ N 16° 51′ 31″ E / 48.1161, 16.8586 …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Carnuntum — Carnụntum,   die stärkste römische Festung an der pannonischen Donaugrenze zwischen Deutsch Altenburg und Petronell Carnuntum in Niederösterreich. Das 15 n. Chr. errichtete Legionslager, von Kaiser Claudius ausgebaut, beherrschte den Übergang… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Carnuntum —    Perhaps the most striking and important Roman archaeological site in Austria, Carnuntum lies roughly 80 kilometers southeast of Vienna. The name may be of Celtic origin. Established by the Romans in 15 CE, it was initially used to quarter a… …   Historical dictionary of Austria

  • Carnuntum — Antigua población del Imperio romano. Estaba ubicada en el norte de Panonia a orillas del río Danubio; fue una importante avanzada romana de la época de César Augusto. Marco Aurelio lo utilizó como base en su campaña contra los marcomanos (171–73 …   Enciclopedia Universal


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