- Cao Dai
Syncretist modern Vietnamese religious movement with a strongly nationalist political character.Cao Dai draws on ethical precepts from Confucianism, occult practices from Daoism, theories of karma and rebirth from Buddhism, and hierarchical organization (including a pope) from Roman Catholicism. It was formally established in 1926 by Ngo Van Chieu (1878–1926?), a colonial administrator in French Indochina who professed to have had a communication from the supreme deity. The movement met with resistance from the Vietnamese government both before and after the communist takeover in 1975. It was reported to have some three million adherents in Vietnam and abroad in the early 21st century.
* * *▪ Vietnamese religion(“High Tower,” a Taoist epithet for the supreme god), syncretist modern Vietnamese (Vietnam) religious movement with a strongly nationalist political character. Cao Dai draws upon ethical precepts from Confucianism, occult practices from Taoism, theories of karma and rebirth from Buddhism, and a hierarchical organization (including a pope) from Roman Catholicism. Its pantheon of saints includes such diverse figures as the Buddha, Confucius, Jesus Christ, Muḥammad, Pericles, Julius Caesar, Joan of Arc, Victor Hugo, and Sun Yat-sen. In Cao Dai, God is represented as an eye in a triangle, a symbol that appears on the facades of the sect's temples. The religion's organization is patterned after that of Roman Catholicism, with a pope, cardinals, and archbishops. Worship involves elaborate rituals and festivals.In 1919 Ngo Van Chieu (q.v.), an administrator for the French in Indochina, received a communication from the supreme deity during a table-moving séance. Chieu became the prophet of the new religion, which was formally established in 1926. A Cao Dai army was established in 1943 during the Japanese occupation of Indochina. After the war the Cao Dai was an effective force in national politics; it first supported, then opposed, Premier Ngo Dinh Diem. In 1955–56 Diem disbanded the Cao Dai army and forced the sect's pope, Pham Cong Tac, into exile. After the communist takeover in 1975, Cao Dai was reportedly repressed by the government. Centres of worship were established in Vietnamese refugee communities abroad, however, and by the early 1990s Cao Dai was reported to have some two million adherents in Vietnam, Cambodia, France, and the United States. Headquarters of the religion are at Tay Ninh (q.v.), near Ho Chi Minh City (formerly Saigon).
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Cao Dai — Tempel in Tây Ninh nahe Ho Chi Minh Stadt Das … Deutsch Wikipedia
Cao Dai — secte religieuse du Viêt nam méridional. Fondée en 1926 par Ngô Van Chiêu, un érudit en matière de religions orientales et occidentales, elle mêle bouddhisme, confucianisme, taoïsme et christianisme à un rituel spiritualiste complexe. Cao Dai,… … Encyclopédie Universelle
Cao Dai — The Tay Ninh Holy See, the seat of Caodaiism, located in Tay Ninh, Vietnam … Wikipedia
cao dai — (ˈ)kau̇|dī noun (plural cao dai) Usage: capitalized C&D Etymology: Vietnamese : caodaism * * * Cao Dai «KOW DY», a religious sect, originating and centered in Vietnam, that combines in one faith certain elements of Buddhism, Christianity,… … Useful english dictionary
Cao Dai — El Cao Dai (Cao Ðài en vietnamita) es una religión sincrética practicada en Vietnam. Fue fundada por un funcionario vietnamita bajo la administración francesa, Ngo van Chien, integrando elementos de las principales religiones monoteístas… … Enciclopedia Universal
Cao-Dai — Ca|o Dai [ ka:o...] der; <aus annamit. cao dai »höchster Palast«> 1926 begründete ↑synkretistische Religion mit buddhistischen, christlichen u. a. Bestandteilen in Vietnam … Das große Fremdwörterbuch
Cao Đài — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Caodaísmo Fundador Ngo van Chien Deidad Máxima CaoDai Tipo Monoteísmo, sincretismo … Wikipedia Español
Cao — (Cuba; Corvus jamaicensis) m. *Ave semejante al cuervo, pero más pequeña, que se alimenta de carne. ≃ Pinatero. * * * cao. m. Cuba y R. Dom. Ave carnívora de la familia de los Córvidos, de plumaje negro y pico corvo. * * * (as used in expre … Enciclopedia Universal
Cao Da|ist — Cao Da|ism «KOW DY ihz uhm», the principles and beliefs of Cao Dai. –Cao Da|ist … Useful english dictionary
Cao Da|ism — «KOW DY ihz uhm», the principles and beliefs of Cao Dai. –Cao Da|ist … Useful english dictionary