Candela, Felix


Candela, Felix
born Jan. 27, 1910, Madrid, Spain
died Dec. 7, 1997, Durham, N.C., U.S.

Spanish Mexican engineer and architect.

He immigrated to Mexico in 1939 and began to design and construct buildings there. His ferroconcrete structures are distinguished by thin, curved shells that are extremely strong and economical; his imaginative use of paraboloid barrel-vaulting helped dispel mistaken notions of the limits of this material. Notable works include the expressionistic church of Nuestra Señora de los Milagros in Mexico City (1955), with a hyperbolic paraboloid roof of ferroconcrete only 1.5 in. (3.8 cm) thick.

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▪ Spanish architect
in full  Felix Candela Outeriño 
born Jan. 27, 1910, Madrid, Spain
died Dec. 7, 1997, Durham, N.C., U.S.

      Spanish-born architect, designer of reinforced-concrete (ferroconcrete) structures distinguished by thin, curved shells that are extremely strong and unusually economical.

      Candela emigrated to Mexico in 1939 and began to design and help construct buildings in that country. He attracted international attention in 1950 with his design (in collaboration with Jorge Gonzáles Reyna) for the Cosmic Ray Pavilion, Ciudad Universitaria (the campus of the National Autonomous University of Mexico, Villa Obregón, near Mexico City). The reinforced concrete roof of this pavilion varies in thickness from only 1.6 cm (5/8 inch) to 5 cm (2 inches). Subsequently, Candela built in Mexico City the Church of La Virgen Milagrosa (1953–55; “The Miraculous Virgin”), with a warped roof of reinforced concrete 3.8 cm (1.5 inches) thick, and the Church of San Vicente de Paul (1960). In addition to Rio's Warehouse in Mexico City (1955) and other warped-shell industrial buildings, he designed various thin-shell catenary, or barrel-vaulted, factories and warehouses. On several of his projects he acted as construction foreman.

      His design was chosen for the Sports Palace used in the 1968 Olympic Games in Mexico City. Candela taught in the United States at Harvard University (1961–62) and at the University of Illinois, Chicago (1971–78). After 1971 he resided in the United States and became a citizen in 1978.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • CANDELA, Felix — (1910 1997)    See CONCRETE …   Historical Dictionary of Architecture

  • Candela, Félix — ► (1910 97) Arquitecto español. Se trasladó a México en 1939, donde se convirtió en una de las personalidades más representativas de la arquitectura moderna. Sus obras más notables son la iglesia de Santa María Milagrosa y el Palacio de los… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Felix Candela — Félix Candela Outeriño (* 27. Januar 1910 in Madrid; † 7. Dezember 1997 in Durham, North Carolina) war ein spanisch mexikanisch US amerikanischer Architekt. Basílica de Nuestra Señora de Guadalupe (1958/1959 …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Félix Candela Outeriño — (* 27. Januar 1910 in Madrid; † 7. Dezember 1997 in Durham, North Carolina) war ein spanisch mexikanisch US amerikanischer Architekt. Basílica de Nuestra Señora de Guadalupe (1958/1959 …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • CANDELA (F.) — CANDELA FELIX (1910 ) Architecte mexicain d’origine espagnole. Né à Madrid où il fait ses études à l’École supérieure d’architecture, Candela émigre au Mexique en 1939 après avoir été interné dans un camp de réfugiés en France. Héritier spirituel …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Félix Candela — Pabellón de Rayos Cósmicos, UNAM …   Wikipedia Español

  • Candela — (Del lat. candela.) ► sustantivo femenino 1 Vela para alumbrarse. SINÓNIMO [círio] 2 Soporte para mantener la vela derecha. SINÓNIMO candelero 3 coloquial Materia combustible encendida. SINÓNIMO lumbre 4 FÍSICA Unidad d …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Felix — /fee liks/, n. a male given name: from a Latin word meaning happy, lucky. * * * (as used in expressions) Bloch Felix Candela Felix Frankfurter Felix Laue Max Theodor Felix von Mendelssohn Bartholdy Jakob Ludwig Felix Schwarzenberg Felix prince zu …   Universalium

  • Félix Candela — Outeriño (* 27. Januar 1910 in Madrid; † 7. Dezember 1997 in Durham, North Carolina) war ein spanisch mexikanisch US amerikanischer Architekt. Inhaltsverzeichnis 1 Leben 2 Arbeiten und Projekte …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Félix Candela — Outeriño est un architecte mexicain d origine espagnole né le 27 janvier 1910 à Madrid et mort le 7 décembre 1997 à Durham en Caroline du Nord. Il a notamment dessiné le Palais des sports des jeux olympiques d été de Mexico de 1968 ainsi que l… …   Wikipédia en Français


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