Campo Formio, Treaty of


Campo Formio, Treaty of
(Oct. 17, 1797) Peace settlement between France and Austria, signed at Campo Formio (now Campoformido, Italy) following Austria's defeat in Napoleon's first Italian campaign.

The treaty preserved most of the French conquests and completed Napoleon's victory over the First Coalition, the group of European nations opposing him. See also French Revolutionary Wars.

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▪ France-Austria [1797]
      (Oct. 17, 1797), a peace settlement between France and Austria, signed at Campo Formio (now Campoformido, Italy), a village in Venezia Giulia southwest of Udine, following the defeat of Austria in Napoleon Bonaparte's (Napoleon I) first Italian campaign.

      The treaty preserved most of the French conquests and marked the completion of Napoleon's victory over the First Coalition. The Cisalpine (Cisalpine Republic) and Ligurian republics (Ligurian Republic) in northern Italy were established under French influence, and France gained Venice's (Venice) Ionian Islands in the Adriatic Sea. In compensation for loss of possessions in Lombardy, Napoleon gave Austria the Venetian territory east of the Adige River, including Istria, Dalmatia, and the city of Venice. This act marked the end of 1,100 years of Venetian independence. Austria gave up its Belgian provinces to France and also agreed, pending ratification at a congress of the estates of the empire, that France could annex the territory it occupied on the left bank of the Rhine River from Basel to Andernach, including Mainz. In return, France promised to use its influence to help Austria obtain Salzburg and part of Bavaria. It was secretly agreed that Prussia, a former ally of Austria, was to receive no territorial compensation. Of the original anti-French coalition, only Britain remained hostile to France after the conclusion of this treaty; Prussia had made peace in March 1795 after the effectuation of the Third Partition of Poland (Poland, Partitions of) in January 1795.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Treaty of Campo Formio — The Treaty of Campo Formio was signed on October 17, 1797 (26 Vendémiaire, Year VI of the French Republic) by Napoleon Bonaparte and Count Ludwig von Coblenz as representatives of France and Austria. It marked the collapse of the First Coalition …   Wikipedia

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  • Campo Formio — /kahm paw fawrdd myaw/ a village in Friuli Venezia Giulia, in NE Italy, NW of Trieste: treaty between Austria and France 1797. 4495. Modern, Campoformido /kahm paw fawrdd mee daw/. * * * …   Universalium

  • CAMPO-FORMIO —    a village near Udine, in Venetia, where a treaty was concluded between France and Austria in 1797, by which the Belgian provinces and part of Lombardy were ceded to France, and certain Venetian States to Austria in return …   The Nuttall Encyclopaedia

  • Campo Formio — /kæmpoʊ ˈfɔmioʊ/ (say kampoh fawmeeoh) noun a village in north eastern Italy, in Friuli Venezia Giulia; treaty between France and Austria, 1797. Modern, Campoformido /kæmpoʊˈfɔmədoʊ (say kampoh fawmuhdoh) …   Australian English dictionary

  • Campo Formio — /kahm paw fawrdd myaw/ a village in Friuli Venezia Giulia, in NE Italy, NW of Trieste: treaty between Austria and France 1797. 4495. Modern, Campoformido /kahm paw fawrdd mee daw/ …   Useful english dictionary

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