Campin, Robert


Campin, Robert
born с 1378, Tournai, Fr.
died April 26, 1444, Tournai

Flemish painter.

He is identified with the Master of Flémalle on stylistic grounds. Documents show that Campin was a master painter in Tournai in 1406; two students are listed as entering his studio in 1427: Rogier van der Weyden and Jacques Daret. Campin's principal surviving works are two large panels of an altarpiece once believed to have come from a nonexistent Abbey of Flémalle. The famous Mérode Altarpiece, a triptych of the Annunciation formerly regarded as his masterpiece, is now thought to be by a member of his workshop or circle. Characterized by a naturalistic conception of form and a poetic representation of the objects of daily life, Campin's work marks the break with the prevailing International Gothic style and prefigures the achievements of the painters of the Northern Renaissance. Despite much uncertainty about his life and work, he was one of the most important and influential Flemish artists of the 15th century.

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▪ Flemish painter

born c. 1378, Tournai, Fr.
died April 26, 1444, Tournai
 one of the earliest and greatest masters of Flemish painting. He has been identified with the Master of Flémalle (Flémalle, Master of) on stylistic and other grounds. Characterized by a naturalistic conception of form and a poetic representation of the objects of daily life, Campin's work marks the break with the prevailing International Gothic style and prefigures the achievements of Jan van Eyck and the painters of the Northern Renaissance.

      Documents show that Campin was established as a master painter in Tournai in 1406. Two pupils are mentioned as entering his studio in 1427—Rogelet de la Pasture (generally identified with the great Rogier van der Weyden (Weyden, Rogier van der)) and Jacques Daret (Daret, Jacques). The only documented work by Jacques Daret, an altarpiece executed for the Abbey of St. Vaast near Arras, shows close stylistic analogies with works by Rogier van der Weyden on one hand and works earlier in style by the Master of Flémalle on the other. Both seem to proceed from common models, for they obviously are not copies of one another. As the Tournai records give the name of Campin as master of both Daret and Rogier, it has been generally assumed that the Master of Flémalle may be reasonably identified with Campin. Some scholars, however, have stylistically considered the works ascribed to the Master of Flémalle as early works by Rogier himself.

      Campin's art is indebted to that of manuscript illumination, but his work displays greater powers of observation and ability to render plastic forms than is found in contemporary manuscript illumination. One of his masterpieces is the “Mérode Altarpiece” (c. 1428), a triptych of the Annunciation with the donors and St. Joseph on the wings (The Cloisters, New York City). The Virgin is portrayed in a setting of bourgeois realism in which interior furnishings are rendered with the frank and loving attention to detail that was to become a characteristic tradition of Flemish art. Another important work, at the Städelsches Kunstinstitut in Frankfurt am Main, consists of two wings of an altarpiece dating c. 1440 that are said to have come from the Abbey of Flémalle. They depict the Virgin and Child and St. Veronica (with Trinity on the reverse). Among other works generally ascribed to Campin are the “Virgin and Child Before a Firescreen” and a double portrait at the National Gallery, London, a “Nativity” at Dijon (dated c. 1430), and the “Werl Altarpiece” (1438) in the Prado, Madrid.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Campin, Robert — ( 1378, Tournai, Francia–26 abr. 1444, Tournai). Pintor flamenco. Se le identifica estilísticamente con el maestro de Flémalle. Existen documentos que muestran a Campin como un maestro pintor en Tournai en 1406; dos alumnos aparecen inscritos en… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Campin, Robert — (documented, 1406 1444)    Leading painter of the city of Tournai in Flanders, usually regarded as identical with the socalled Master of Flémalle, creator of an outstanding painting, the Merode Altarpiece (ca. 1425) that marks a significant break …   Historical Dictionary of Renaissance

  • Campin, Robert —    See Master of Flémalle …   Dictionary of Renaissance art

  • CAMPIN (R.) — CAMPIN ROBERT (1380 env. 1444) Peintre tournaisien, Robert Campin est, avec Hubert et Jan van Eyck, un des points de départ de la peinture des Pays Bas qui, détachée du style gothique international, va devenir un art local surtout en ce qui… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Campin — Campin,   Robert, niederländischer Maler, * um 1375, ✝ Tournai 26. 4. 1444. Campin wird von der neueren Forschung mit dem Meister von Flémalle identifiziert, der nach drei angeblich aus der Abtei Flémalle bei Lüttich stammenden Altartafeln (um… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Campin — (Robert) (v. 1378 1444) peintre flamand. V. Flémalle (le Maître de) …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Campin — Madonna (vor 1430, heute London, National Gallery) Robert Campin (* um 1375 in Tournai (?); † 26. April 1444 in Tournai) war ein flämischer Maler. In der Kunstwissenschaft hat sich weitgehend die Auffassung durchgesetzt, dass die früher mit dem… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Robert Campin — Portrait of St. Veronica attributed to Robert Campin …   Wikipedia

  • Robert Campin — Retrato de un hombre. Temple sobre tabla, National Gallery, Londres. Robert Campin (1375 – 26 de abril de 1444) fue un pintor perteneciente al estilo flamenco de la pintura gótica. Se cree que nació y murió en la misma ciudad, Tournai (actual… …   Wikipedia Español

  • Robert — /rob euhrt/, n. 1. Henry Martyn /mahr tn/, 1837 1923, U.S. engineer and authority on parliamentary procedure: author of Robert s Rules of Order (1876, revised 1915). 2. a male given name: from Germanic words meaning glory and bright. * * * (as… …   Universalium


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