Campbell-Bannerman, Sir Henry


Campbell-Bannerman, Sir Henry
orig. Henry Campbell

born Sept. 7, 1836, Glasgow, Scot.
died April 22, 1908, London, Eng.

British politician.

A member of the House of Commons from 1868, he was elected leader of the Liberal Party in 1899 and served as prime minister (1905–08). His popularity unified his badly divided party. Though much of his legislative program was nullified by the House of Lords, he obtained approval of the Trades Disputes Act of 1906. He took the lead in granting self-government to the Transvaal and the Orange River Colony, thereby securing the Boers' loyalty to the British Empire.

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▪ prime minister of United Kingdom
original name  Henry Campbell 
born September 7, 1836, Glasgow, Scotland
died April 22, 1908, London, England
 British prime minister from December 5, 1905, to April 5, 1908. His popularity unified his own Liberal Party and the unusually strong cabinet that he headed. He took the lead in granting self-government to the Transvaal (1906) and the Orange River Colony (1907), thereby securing the Boers' loyalty to the British Empire despite their recent defeat by the British in the South African War (1899–1902).

      A member of the House of Commons from 1868, Campbell-Bannerman (who in 1871 added his mother's family surname to that of his father) served as financial secretary to the War Office (1871–74, 1880–82), parliamentary and financial secretary to the Admiralty and spokesman for the Admiralty in the Commons (1882–84), chief secretary for Ireland (1884–85), and secretary of state for war (1886, 1892–95). On June 21, 1895, he induced the Duke of Cambridge, a cousin of Queen Victoria, to retire as commander in chief of the armed forces. During his 39-year tenure the duke had blocked army reform, and the queen, recognizing the necessity of the change, rewarded Campbell-Bannerman with a knighthood. At the same time, however, a Commons vote, taken with few Liberals present, on a Conservative motion to reduce Campbell-Bannerman's salary resulted in a defeat for the government and the resignation of the 5th Earl of Rosebery's ministry.

      On Feb. 6, 1899, Campbell-Bannerman was elected leader in the Commons of the badly divided Liberal Party. During the South African War he at first pursued a middle course between the imperialists and the antiwar “pro-Boers” among the Liberals. On June 14, 1901, however, he exacerbated party disunity by condemning the British “methods of barbarism in South Africa.” The Liberal imperialists' threatened secession from the party was averted, and the end of the war a year later eased party tensions, as did Campbell-Bannerman's “step by step” approach to the divisive issue of Irish Home Rule.

      After the resignation of the Conservative prime minister Arthur James Balfour late in 1905, Campbell-Bannerman accepted the post from King Edward VII, whose friend he had become. His cabinet included two future prime ministers, Herbert Henry Asquith (afterward 1st Earl of Oxford and Asquith), who had been a Liberal imperialist, and David Lloyd George, who had been “pro-Boer,” and also included the first person from the working class ever to attain cabinet rank in Great Britain, John Elliot Burns. The general election of January 1906 produced a large Liberal majority in the Commons, but much of the Campbell-Bannerman legislative program was nullified by the House of Lords. He obtained, however, the peers' approval of the Trades Disputes Act of 1906, which gave labour unions considerable freedom to strike. Self-government for the Transvaal and the Orange River Colony was conceded by letters patent, over which the Lords had no control.

      In 1907 Campbell-Bannerman's health began to fail, and, 17 days before his death, he resigned in favour of Asquith.

Additional Reading
J.A. Spender, The Life of The Right Hon. Sir Henry Campbell-Bannerman, G.C.B., 2 vol. (1923, reissued 2 vol. in 1, 1969); John Wilson, CB: A Life of Sir Henry Campbell-Bannerman (1973).

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Campbell-Bannerman, Sir Henry — (1836–1908)    British prime minister remembered as a staunch radical and consistent opponent of imperial expansion. His government of 1905–1908 nevertheless began an informal alliance with France that led into World War I.    Campbell Bannerman… …   Encyclopedia of the Age of Imperialism, 1800–1914

  • Campbell-Bannerman,Sir Henry — Camp·bell Ban·ner·man (kăm bəl bănʹər mən, kăm əl ), Sir Henry. 1836 1908. British politician who was the Liberal Party leader during the Boer War (1899 1902) and later served as prime minister (1905 1908). * * * …   Universalium

  • Campbell-Bannerman, Sir Henry — orig. Henry Campbell (7 sep. 1836, Glasgow, Escocia–22 abr. 1908, Londres, Inglaterra). Político británico. Miembro de la Cámara de los Comunes desde 1868, fue elegido líder del partido liberal en 1899 y ocupó el cargo de primer ministro en… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Campbell Bannerman, sir Henry — ► (1836 1908) Político liberal británico. Fue primer ministro en 1905 08 …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Campbell Bannerman — Campbell Bannerman, sir Henry …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Campbell-Bannerman — Sir Henry Campbell Bannerman Sir Henry Campbell Bannerman (* 7. September 1836 in Glasgow; † 22. April 1908 in London) war ein britischer liberaler Politiker und Premierminister vom 5. Februar 1906 bis zum 3. April 1908. Campbell Bannerman wurde… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Henry Campbell-Bannerman — Sir Henry Campbell Bannerman Sir Henry Campbell Bannerman (* 7. September 1836 in Glasgow; † 22. April 1908 in London) war ein britischer liberaler Politiker und Premierminister vom 5. Februar 1906 bis zum 3. April 1908. Campbell Bannerman wurde… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Henry Campbell-Bannerman — Henry Campbell Bannerman …   Wikipedia Español

  • Campbell-Bannerman —   [ kæmbl bænəmən], Sir Henry, britischer Politiker, * Glasgow 7. 9. 1836, ✝ London 22. 4. 1908; war 1886 und 1892 95 Kriegsminister und seit 1899 Führer der liberalen Partei. Er wandte sich scharf gegen den Burenkrieg und dessen »barbarischen«… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Campbell-Bannerman — (spr. kämmbel ), Sir Henry, engl. Staatsmann, geb. 1836 zu Kelvinside in Schottland, studierte, wurde 1868 ins Unterhaus gewählt und schloß sich der liberalen Partei an. C. war Finanzsekretär im Kriegsministerium 1871–74 und 1880–1882, Sekretär… …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon


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