Cabot, Sebastian

Cabot, Sebastian
born с 1476, Bristol, Gloucestershire, Eng., or Venice
died 1557, London

English navigator, explorer, and cartographer.

The son of John Cabot, he served at various times both the English and Spanish crowns. In 1525 he took charge of a Spanish expedition, abandoning the original goal of developing trade with the Orient and instead embarking on a fruitless expedition to South America. Later he served in England as governor of the Merchant Adventurers, organizing an expedition to search for a northeast passage from Europe to the Orient.

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▪ British navigator
born c. 1476, , Bristol, Gloucestershire, Eng., or Venice
died 1557, London

      navigator, explorer, and cartographer who at various times served the English and Spanish crowns. He may have accompanied his father, John Cabot, on the first English voyage to North America (1497), which resulted in the discovery of the Labrador coast of Newfoundland (mistaken at the time for the coast of China).

      Although facts concerning his early life remain obscure, Cabot was a cartographer to King Henry VIII in 1512, when he accompanied the English army sent to aid King Ferdinand II of Aragon against the French. Because of his knowledge of the northeast coast of North America, he was commissioned a captain in the Spanish navy, but Ferdinand's death canceled a voyage he was to command in 1516. His services were retained by the Holy Roman emperor Charles V, and in 1518 he was given membership in the Spanish Council of the New Indies and appointed pilot major and official examiner of pilots.

      Cabot returned to England in 1520 and was offered a naval command but in 1525 assumed charge of a three-ship Spanish expedition that was to develop trade with the Orient. He diverted the expedition from this objective, however, because of reports of fabulous wealth in the Río de la Plata region of South America. After about three years of fruitless exploration he returned to Spain, was judged responsible for the failure of the expedition, and was banished to Africa. Pardoned two years later, he was restored to his old post of pilot major. A copy of his well-known map of the world (1544) is in the Bibliothèque Nationale, Paris.

      Offered a naval post in England by King Edward VI, Cabot accepted the appointment (1548) and was also pensioned. He remained in England as governor of the Merchant Adventurers, organizing an expedition to search for a northeast passage from Europe to the Orient. Although this objective was not attained, and several naval disasters ensued, trade with Russia was facilitated.

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Universalium. 2010.

См. также в других словарях:

  • Cabot,Sebastian — Cabot, Sebastian. 1476? 1557. Italian born explorer and cartographer who led an English expedition in search of the Northwest Passage (1509) and a Spanish expedition to South America (1525 1528). He published a map of the world in 1544. * * * …   Universalium

  • Cabot, Sebastián — (Sebastiano Caboto) ► (1476 1557) Hijo de Juan Cabot. Exploró los ríos Paraná y Paraguay. Autor de un Planisferio (1544) conservado en la Biblioteca Nacional de París …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • CABOT, SEBASTIAN —    son of the preceding, born either in Venice or Bristol; accompanied his father to N. America; sought service as a navigator, first in Spain then in England, but failed; returned to Spain; attempted under Charles V. to plant colonies in Brazil… …   The Nuttall Encyclopaedia

  • Sebastian Cabot (explorer) — Sebastian Cabot (Italian: Sebastiano Caboto , Spanish: Sebastiano Gaboto ; c. 1474 c. 1557) was an Italian explorer, probably born in Venice. Sebastian was born to John Cabot and Mattea Cabot. Sebastian Cabot told Englishman Richard Eden that he… …   Wikipedia

  • Cabot — Cabot, Juan Cabot, Sebastián ► Estrecho de América del Norte, al E de Canadá, entre la isla de Cabo Bretón y la de Terranova. * * * (as used in expressions) Agassiz, Elizabeth Cabot Elizabeth Cabot Cary Cabot, George Lodge, Henry Cabot Lowell,… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Cabot, John —    Probably a native of Genoa. Became a citizen of Venice, March 28, 1476, and at that time had been a resident of the city for fifteen years. Went to England, and in 1497, under the direct authority of Henry VII, sailed to the westward on a… …   The makers of Canada

  • Cabot — /kab euht/, n. 1. John (Giovanni Caboto), c1450 98?, Italian navigator in the service of England: discoverer of North American mainland 1497. 2. Richard Clarke, 1868 1939, U.S. physician and writer on medical ethics. 3. Sebastian, 1474? 1557,… …   Universalium

  • Sebastián Gaboto — Sébastien Cabot Pour les articles homonymes, voir Cabot. Sebastian Cabot (1484 1557) Sébastien Cabot (fils de …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Sebastian — /si bas cheuhn/, n. 1. Saint, died A.D. 288?, Roman martyr. 2. a male given name. * * * (as used in expressions) Bach Johann Sebastian Brant Sebastian Cabot Sebastian Coe Sebastian Newbold Kresge Sebastian Spering Sebastian Saint * * * ▪ king of… …   Universalium

  • Cabot, John & Sebastian — • Navigators and explorers Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006. Cabot, John & Sebastian     John & Sebastian Cabot     † …   Catholic encyclopedia

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