- Buxtehude, Dietrich
born 1637, probably in Oldesloe, Holsteindied May 9, 1707, LübeckDanish organist and composer.He held two organist positions before being appointed organist at the important Marienkirche in Lübeck (now in Germany), where he remained for almost 40 years. There he reinstated the tradition of the Abendmusik, an annual series of church concerts. His reputation was such that in 1705 Johann Sebastian Bach traveled 200 miles there to hear him play and ended up staying three months. Buxtehude's approximately 130 surviving vocal works, usually called cantatas, can instead be classified as concertos, chorale settings, and arias. All are imbued with a devout simplicity that contrasts strongly with the elaborations of their Bachian successors. He also composed almost 100 works for organ, some 20 keyboard suites, and more than 20 chamber sonatas.
* * *▪ Danish composerDietrich also spelled Dieterichborn 1637, probably in Oldesloe, Holsteindied May 9, 1707, LübeckDanish or German organist and composer of church music (liturgical music), one of the most esteemed and influential composers of his time.His exact place of birth is uncertain, and nothing is known of his early youth. It is usually assumed that he began his musical education with his father, who was organist at Helsingborg (c. 1638–41) and at Helsingør (Elsinore; c. 1642–71), both then part of Denmark. Buxtehude settled at Lübeck in 1688 as organist of St. Mary's Church. There he gained such fame as a composer that the city became a mecca for musicians of northern Germany. The young Handel visited him in 1703, and in 1705 young Bach walked more than 200 miles to see him. Both young men hoped to succeed the master at Lübeck, but marriage to one of his daughters was a condition and each found it unacceptable.Buxtehude's duties as church organist included composing works for public festivals and for the marriages and funerals of the great merchant families of the city. He left a considerable amount of vocal and instrumental music, much of which was not recovered until the 20th century; much more certainly remains lost.His most important and influential works are considered to be those for organ, which include toccatas, preludes, fugues, chaconnes, pieces based on chorales, and a passacaglia to which J.S. Bach's Passacaglia in C Minor is indebted. The preludes are usually brief, and, with one exception, they are unlike Bach's in having no thematic connection with the fugues that follow them. Most of the harpsichord music has been lost.The vocal music consists chiefly of church cantatas (cantata) in a variety of forms, more than 100 of which are extant. Their texts are rarely liturgical; the Bible, the hymnbook, and sacred verse of the time are their main sources. All are imbued with a devout simplicity that contrasts strongly with the elaborations of their Bachian successors. It is possible that some were written for the famous Abendmusiken, concerts of mixed vocal and instrumental music held in St. Mary's in the late afternoons on five Sundays in the year. These performances, instituted by Buxtehude in 1673, became the pride of Lübeck, and their tradition was continued into the 19th century.Additional ReadingKerala J. Snyder, Dieterich Buxtehude, Organist in Lübeck (1987).
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Buxtehude, Dietrich — (1637, probablemente en Oldesloe, Holstein–9 may. 1707, Lübeck). Organista y compositor danés. Ocupó dos puestos de organista antes de ser nombrado organista en la importante Marienkirche de Lübeck (actual Alemania), donde permaneció por casi 40… … Enciclopedia Universal
Buxtehude, Dietrich — (c. 1637, Helsingborg?, (modern) Sweden – 9 May 1707, Lübeck, Germany) The most influential organist in the generation before Johann Sebastian Bach, he was appointed organist at the St. Mary’s Church in Lübeck, one of the most important church … Historical dictionary of sacred music
Buxtehude,Dietrich — Bux·te·hu·de (bo͝okʹstə ho͞o də), Dietrich. 1637 1707. Swedish born organist and composer in Germany. His concerts attracted a wide audience, including Handel and Bach. * * * … Universalium
Buxtehude — Dietrich Buxtehude « Buxtehude » redirige ici. Pour la ville allemande, voir Buxtehude (ville) … Wikipédia en Français
Dietrich Buxtehude — Portait présumé de Buxtehude Surnom Le Maître de Lübeck Naissance Vers 1637 Buxtehude … Wikipédia en Français
Dietrich Buxtehude — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Único retrato que queda de Buxtehude, de 1674, pintado por Johannes Voorhout. Dietrich Buxtehude (pronunciado bukshtejúde; 1637 Lübeck, 9 de mayo de 1707) fue un compositor y organista germano … Wikipedia Español
BUXTEHUDE (D.) — BUXTEHUDE DIETRICH (1637 env. 1707) Longtemps revendiqué par l’Allemagne et par le Danemark, Buxtehude naît dans une portion du Holstein alors danoise mais qui plus tard deviendra (et restera) allemande; il passera les trente premières années de… … Encyclopédie Universelle
Dietrich — Dietrich, Marlene * * * (as used in expressions) Bonhoeffer, Dietrich Buxtehude, Dietrich Dietrich, Marlene Maria Magdalene Dietrich Fischer Dieskau, Dietrich … Enciclopedia Universal
Buxtehude  — Buxtehude, Dietrich, Orgelvirtuos u. Kirchencomponist, geb. in Helsingör, wurde 1669 Organist an der Marienkirche in Lübeck u. st. daselbst 1707. Er war Meister des Contrapunktes u. der Fuge u. darin auch ausgezeichneter Stegreifspieler. Er… … Pierer's Universal-Lexikon
Buxtehude  — Buxtehude, Dietrich, Organist, geb. 1637 in Helsingör, gest. 9. Mai 1707 in Lübeck, Schüler seines ebenfalls als Organist wirkenden Vaters, wurde 1668 Organist an der Marienkirche in Lübeck. Die lange sich großer Berühmtheit erfreuenden Lübecker… … Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon