Buena Vista, Battle of


Buena Vista, Battle of
Battle fought in 1847 near Monterrey, Mexico, in the Mexican War.

A U.S. force of 5,000 commanded by Gen. Zachary Taylor and assisted by Jefferson Davis invaded northern Mexico and engaged a Mexican force of 14,000 under Gen. Antonio Santa Anna. The U.S. forces repulsed the Mexican attack, and the Mexicans retreated with 1,500 casualties. Taylor's victory helped him win the 1848 U.S. presidential election.

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Mexican War [1847]
also called  Battle of Angostura 

      (Feb. 22–23, 1847), battle fought near Monterrey, Mex., in the Mexican-American War (1846–48), the war between the United States and Mexico. A U.S. army of about 5,000 men under General Zachary Taylor (Taylor, Zachary) had invaded northeastern Mexico, taking Monterrey and Saltillo. General Antonio López de Santa Anna (Santa Anna, Antonio López de) meanwhile had gathered a force of about 14,000 troops and was marching north from San Luis Potosí to engage the invaders. Although the numbers were impressive, they were badly armed and poorly trained. When reports of the Mexican threat reached Taylor, he moved his forces on February 21 to La Angostura, near the hacienda of Buena Vista, where there is a pass between two high ranges of mountains. Taylor's communications line was cut by Mexican cavalry the next day, and the main Mexican attack began on February 23, pressing the Americans' exposed left flank facing the eastern side of the pass, which Taylor had failed to fortify. Despite the retreat of some volunteer infantry regiments, the heavy U.S. artillery fire turned back the Mexicans, and, by nightfall, they had suffered casualties of about 1,500 to Taylor's 700 (though scholarly estimates of these casualties vary widely). Leaving their campfires burning as a ruse, the Mexican army retreated during the night. Taylor did not pursue Santa Anna. It was not necessary since large numbers of sick, wounded, and dispirited soldiers deserted during the retreat. In April at the Battle of Cerro Gordo (Cerro Gordo, Battle of), Santa Anna failed to halt the invasion of another U.S. army under General Winfield Scott, who captured Mexico City in September, thus assuring a U.S. victory in the war. Taylor's victory enhanced his national reputation and helped him win the U.S. presidency in 1848.

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Universalium. 2010.

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