- Brown, George
born Nov. 29, 1818, Edinburgh, Scot.died May. 9, 1880, Toronto, Ont., Can.Canadian journalist and politician.He immigrated to New York in 1837 and in 1843 moved to Toronto, where he founded The Globe (1844), a reformist political newspaper. As a member of the Canadian assembly (1857–65), he advocated proportional representation, the confederation of British North America, acquisition of the Northwest Territories, and separation of church and state. He later became a leader of the Clear Grits movement. In 1873 he was appointed to the Canadian Senate, though he continued to manage his influential and popular newspaper (later The Globe and Mail).
* * *▪ Canadian journalist and politicianborn Nov. 29, 1818, Edinburghdied May 9, 1880, TorontoCanadian journalist and politician who was committed to federalism and to weakening the powers of the French Roman Catholic Church in Canada. As proprietor of The Globe (Toronto), he wielded considerable political influence in Canada West (Upper Canada, now Ontario), where his newspaper was extremely popular.Brown immigrated with his father to New York City in 1837, and in 1843 he moved to Toronto, where he began publication of the Banner, a newspaper supporting the newly formed Free Church of Scotland. The following year he began to issue The Globe, a weekly Reform political journal, which became a daily in 1853. In 1857 he entered the Canadian Parliament as a Reform member for Kent county. His attacks against the presumed political power of the Roman Catholic Church won him support in Canada West and unpopularity in Canada East (Lower Canada, now Quebec). The secularization of crown land set aside to maintain a Protestant clergy in Canada (the Clergy Reserves) was largely the result of his campaign to separate church and state, but his attempts to achieve secularization of all Canadian schools failed.Pressing for proportional representation of Canada West and Canada East in Parliament (the 1840 Act of Union had granted an equal number of representatives to each province), Brown rebuilt the Canada West Reform Party and briefly held office in 1858 as prime minister. One of the first to advocate a confederation of British North America, he entered a coalition with his personal and political opponent, the Conservative leader John Macdonald. Dissatisfied with the proposed terms for a renewed reciprocity treaty with the United States, however, he resigned from the government (December 1865) and never again sat in the House of Commons, though he sought reelection in 1867.Influential in bringing about Canada's acquisition of the Northwest Territories, Brown entered the Senate in 1874 and helped negotiate a new reciprocity treaty with the United States in that same year, although it failed to gain congressional approval. He refused the lieutenant governorship of Ontario and offers of knighthood and devoted his energies to The Globe. He was fatally shot by one of his discharged employees.
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brown george — ˈjȯ(ə)rj noun Usage: usually capitalized G Etymology: brown (I) + George (the name) 1. dialect Britain : coarse dark brown bread 2. : a large brown earthenware water vessel … Useful english dictionary
Brown, George — (1818 1880) B His place as a Maker of Canada, ix; complains that Upper Canada is inadequately represented and dominated by Lower Canada, ix; an ardent advocate of Confederation, x; relations with John A. Macdonald, x; and with Roman Catholic… … The makers of Canada
Brown, George — (29 nov. 1818, Edimburgo, Escocia–9 may. 1880, Toronto, Ontario, Canadá). Periodista y político canadiense. Inmigró a Nueva York en 1837 y en 1843 se trasladó a Toronto, donde fundó The Globe (1844), periódico político reformista. Como miembro de … Enciclopedia Universal
BROWN, George (1835-1917) — missionary son of George Brown, barrister, was born at Barnard Castle, Durham, England, on 7 December 1835. He was educated at a private school and on leaving, became an assistant in a doctors surgery, was afterwards with a chemist, and then in a … Dictionary of Australian Biography
Brown, George Mackay — (1917 1996) Known as The Bard of Orkney, Brown was an Orcadian through and through. The sixth and youngest child of a Gaelic speaking part time tailor and postman, he attended Stromness Academy, New Battle Abbey, and Edinburgh University,… … British and Irish poets
Brown, George Mackenzie — (1869 ). Son of George Brown. Born in Canada. Educated at Upper Canada College, Toronto, Merchiston Castle School, Edinburgh, and at Cambridge. Moved to Edinburgh, Scotland, and in 1900 elected to the British House of Commons for Central… … The makers of Canada
Brown, George Mackay — ▪ 1997 Scottish writer (b. Oct. 17, 1921, Stromness, Orkney Islands, Scot. d. April 13, 1996, Kirkwall, Orkney Islands), celebrated Orkneyan life and its ancient rhythms in verse, short stories, and novels. Brown, the son of a Gaelic… … Universalium
Brown, George Harold — ▪ American engineer born Oct. 14, 1908, North Milwaukee, Wis., U.S. died Dec. 11, 1987, Princeton, N.J. American electrical engineer who made major contributions to the development of radio and television broadcast antennas (antenna).… … Universalium
Brown, George Douglas — (1869 1902) Novelist, wrote The House with the Green Shutters, which gives a strongly outlined picture of the harder and less genial aspects of Scottish life and character. It may be regarded as a useful supplement and corrective to the more… … Short biographical dictionary of English literature
George Brown — may refer to: Politicians * George Brown, Baron George Brown (1914–1985), British politician, Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs * George Brown (Canadian politician) (1818–1880), Scottish born Canadian journalist, politician ** George… … Wikipedia