Broca, Paul


Broca, Paul
born June 28, 1824, Sainte-Foy-la-Grande, Fr.
died July 9, 1880, Paris

French surgeon.

His study of brain lesions contributed significantly to understanding of the origins of aphasia. Much of Broca's research concerned the comparative study of the skulls of the races of humankind, work that aided the development of modern physical anthropology. He originated methods to study the brain's form, structure, and surface features and sections of prehistoric skulls. His discovery (1861) of the brain's speech centre (convolution of Broca) was the first anatomical proof of localization of brain function.

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▪ French anthropologist and pathologist
born June 28, 1824, Sainte-Foy-laGrande, Fr.
died July 9, 1880, Paris

      surgeon who was closely associated with the development of modern physical anthropology in France and whose study of brain lesions contributed significantly to understanding the origins of aphasia, the loss or impairment of the ability to form or articulate words. He founded the anthropology laboratory at the École des Hautes Études, Paris (1858), and the Société d'Anthropologie de Paris (1859).

      Much of Broca's research concerned the comparative study of the craniums of the so-called races (race) of mankind. Following precedents set by Samuel Morton in the United States, Broca developed numerous techniques to study the form, structure, and topography of the brain and skull in order to identify and differentiate human races. As a polygenist who considered the major human racial groups as separate species, Broca wrote influential works on “hybridization,” or the mixture of races, arguing that some mixtures of closely related races were beneficial (“eugenic”) while mixtures of greatly differing races were harmful (“dysgenic”).

      In 1861 he announced his discovery of the seats of articulate speech in the left frontal region of the brain, since known as the convolution of Broca. Thus, he also furnished the first anatomical proof of the localization of brain function. Founder of the Revue d'anthropologie (1872), he established the École d'Anthropologie, Paris (1876), and became its director. His writings include Mémoires d'anthropologie, 5 vol. (1871–78; “Memoirs of Anthropology”).

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • BROCA Paul — (1824 1880)(retrato) [véase http://www.iqb.es/diccio/b/br.htm#broca]: cirujano y anatomista francés conocido por sus descrubrimientos sobre la afasia y su relación con estructuras cerebrales Véase: ángulo de Broca afasia de Broca centro de Broca… …   Diccionario médico

  • Broca, Paul — ► (1824 80) Cirujano y antropólogo francés. Descubrió el centro del lenguaje en la tercera circunvolución frontal izquierda del cerebro que lleva su nombre. * * * (28 jun. 1824, Sainte Foy la Grande, Francia–9 jul. 1880, París). Cirujano francés …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • BROCA, PAUL —    an eminent French surgeon, anthropologist, and one of the chief French evolutionists; held a succession of important appointments, and was the author of a number of medical works (1824 1880) …   The Nuttall Encyclopaedia

  • Broca — Paul Broca Pour les articles homonymes, voir Broca (homonymie). Paul Pierre Broca Paul Pierre Broca, né le 28 juin 1824 à Sainte Foy la Grande et m …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Paul Pierre Broca — Paul Broca Pour les articles homonymes, voir Broca (homonymie). Paul Pierre Broca Paul Pierre Broca, né le 28 juin 1824 à Sainte Foy la Grande et m …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Paul Broca — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Para otros usos de este término, véase Broca (desambiguación). Paul Broca Paul Pierre Broca (28 de junio de 1824 9 de julio de 1880) fue un médico, anatomista y antropólogo francés. Fue un niño pr …   Wikipedia Español

  • BROCA (P.) — BROCA PAUL (1824 1880) Créateur de la chirurgie moderne du cerveau et fondateur de l’anthropologie, né à Sainte Foy la Grande (Gironde). Paul Broca étudie la médecine à Paris en 1841, soutient sa thèse de doctorat en 1849. Agrégé en 1853, il est… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Broca — (Paul) (1824 1880) chirurgien français. Il découvrit l importance de la troisième circonvolution gauche du cerveau, dite de Broca, dans l acquisition et la pratique du langage …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Broca — Broca, Paul, Anthropolog, geb. 28. Juni 1824 in St. Foy la Grande (Gironde), gest. 9. Juli 1880 in Paris, studierte Medizin, wurde Professor der chirurgischen Klinik in Paris, gründete 1859 die Pariser Anthropologische Gesellschaft, deren… …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Broca — Broca, Paul, franz. Arzt und Anthropolog, geb. 28. Juni 1824 zu St. Foy la Grande (Gironde), Prof. der chirurg. Klinik in Paris, gest. 9. Juli 1880, Begründer der anthropol. Gesellschaft in Paris, verdient um die Schädelforschung; entdeckte das… …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon


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