- Boulton, Matthew
born Sept. 3, 1728, Birmingham, Warwickshire, Eng.died Aug. 17, 1809, BirminghamBritish manufacturer and engineer.With James Watt and William Murdock (1754–1839), he established the steam-engine industry by installing pumping engines to drain the Cornish tin mines. Foreseeing great industrial demand for steam power, he urged Watt to make various design improvements. Applying steam power to coining machinery, he made large quantities of coins for the British East India Co. and also supplied machinery to the Royal Mint. By 1800, almost 500 steam engines had been installed in the British Isles and abroad.
* * *▪ British engineer and manufacturerborn Sept. 3, 1728, Birmingham, Warwickshire, Eng.died Aug. 17, 1809, BirminghamEnglish manufacturer and engineer who financed and introduced James Watt's (Watt, James) steam engine.After managing his father's hardware business, in 1762 Boulton built the Soho manufactory near Birmingham. The factory produced small metal articles such as gilt and silver buttons and buckles, Sheffield plate, and a variety of other items. In 1768 Boulton made the acquaintance of James Watt. The need for a power source for his factory stirred Boulton's interest in Watt's invention. When the industrialist John Roebuck went bankrupt, Boulton accepted Roebuck's share in Watt's first steam-engine patent (1769) as repayment of a debt. In 1775 he and Watt became partners in the steam-engine (steam engine) business, obtaining a 25-year extension of the patent. Assisted by the engineer and inventor William Murdock (Murdock, William), they established the steam-engine industry by initially erecting pumping engines to drain the Cornish tin mines. Boulton foresaw great industrial demand for steam power and urged Watt to design the double-acting rotative engine, patented in 1782, and the Watt engine (1788) for driving the lapping machines at his factory.In 1786 Boulton applied steam power to coining machinery, obtaining a patent in 1790. He made large quantities of coins for the East India Company and also supplied machinery to the Royal Mint. He became a fellow of the Royal Society in 1785 and established a theatre in Birmingham in 1807. By 1800, when Boulton's son Matthew Robinson Boulton took over his father's share of the business, almost 500 steam engines had been installed in the British Isles and abroad.
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Boulton, Matthew — (3 sep. 1728, Birmingham, Warwickshire, Inglaterra–17 ago. 1809, Birmingham). Fabricante e ingeniero británico. Con James Watt y William Murdock (n. 1754–m. 1839) estableció la industria de la máquina de vapor, al instalar máquinas de bombeo para … Enciclopedia Universal
BOULTON, MATTHEW — an eminent engineer, born at Birmingham; entered into partnership with James Watt, and established with him a manufactory of steam engines at Soho, on a barren heath near his native place; contributed to the improvement of the coinage (1728… … The Nuttall Encyclopaedia
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Matthew Boulton — Matthew Boulton; im Hintergrund seine „Soho Manufactory“ Matthew Boulton (* 3. September 1728 in Birmingham; † 18. August 1809 ebendort) war ein englischer Ingenieur und … Deutsch Wikipedia
Matthew Boulton — pintura de Carl Fredric von Breda … Wikipedia Español
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Boulton & Watt — war ein weltbekanntes britisches Unternehmen aus Smethwick bei Birmingham (England), das im Jahre 1775 aus einer geschäftlichen Verbindung zwischen dem Unternehmer Matthew Boulton und dem Ingenieur James Watt entstand, um während der Zeit der… … Deutsch Wikipedia
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