Boulle, André-Charles


Boulle, André-Charles
or André-Charles Boule

born Nov. 11, 1642, Paris, Fr.
died Feb. 29, 1732, Paris

French cabinetmaker.

After studying drawing, painting, and sculpture, he achieved fame as the most skillful furniture designer in Paris. In 1672 Louis XIV appointed him royal cabinetmaker at Versailles; his other patrons included Philip V of Spain and the duke of Bourbon. Boulle stretched the technique of marquetry to new heights, and his incorporation of elaborate brasswork and the inlaying of exotic woods (called boulle or buhl work, since his last name sometimes appeared as Buhl) was heavily imitated in the 18th–19th centuries.

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▪ French cabinetmaker
Boulle also spelled  Boule  or  Buhl  
born Nov. 11, 1642, Paris, France
died Feb. 28, 1732, Paris

      one of France's leading cabinetmakers, whose fashion of inlaying, called boulle, or buhl, work, swept Europe and was heavily imitated during the 18th and 19th centuries. Multitalented, Boulle practiced as an architect, worked in bronze and mosaic, and designed elaborate monograms.

      As a young man, Boulle studied drawing, painting, and sculpture; his fame as the most skillful furniture designer in Paris led to his being chosen, in 1672, by Louis XIV to succeed Jean Macé as royal cabinetmaker at Versailles. Boulle created much of Versailles's furniture. His masterpiece, however, was his decoration of the dauphin's private study with flooring in wood mosaic and extraordinarily detailed paneling and marquetry (1681–83; now destroyed). Allowed to execute private commissions, he included among his patrons such eminent royalty as King Philip V of Spain, the duke of Bourbon, and the electors of Bavaria and Cologne.

      Boulle's style is characterized by elaborate adornment with brass (occasionally engraved) and tortoiseshell marquetry. Although the technique of marquetry was originally used by 16th-century Italian craftsmen, Boulle developed it to a fine art. He incorporated exotic woods from India and South America. His personal collection of master drawings, prints, and paintings, from which he extracted much of his inspiration, included works by the 15th–16th-century Italian artist Raphael, the 17th-century Flemish artist Rubens, and the 17th-century Italian engraver Stefano della Bella.

      On retirement Boulle left his studio to his four sons, among whom were the notable cabinetmakers André-Charles Boulle II (died 1745) and Charles-Joseph Boulle (died 1754). His enormous art collection was destroyed by fire in 1720; his account of his loss reveals that he possessed thousands of works, not counting the pieces that had already gone to other collections. He returned to his studio, directing it until his death. In 1754 Charles-Joseph hired the brilliant German furniture designer Jean-François Oeben (Oeben, Jean-François), from whom the Boulle tradition was inherited by Jean-Henri Riesener (Riesener, Jean-Henri). His style continued with tremendous success in France during the 18th century and under Napoleon III. Such was its popularity that any piece with some copper inlay on a black or red ground came to be described as buhl.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Boulle, André-Charles — o André Charles Boule (11 nov. 1642, París, Francia–29 feb. 1732, París). Ebanista francés. Luego de estudiar dibujo, pintura y escultura, alcanzó fama como el diseñador de mobiliario más talentoso de París. En 1672, Luis XIV lo nombró ebanista… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Boulle, André-Charles — (1642 1732)    cabinetmaker    André Boulle, who was born in Paris, developed as a furniture maker what would come to be known as the Buhl style of furniture inlay. In his early career, he worked for charles le brun and gained the patronage of… …   France. A reference guide from Renaissance to the Present

  • André Charles Boulle — (11 November 1642 – 28 February 1732) was the French cabinetmaker who is generally considered to be the preeminent artist in the field of marquetry, even the most remarkable of all French cabinetmakers. [1] His fame in marquetry led to his name… …   Wikipedia

  • Andre-Charles Boulle — André Charles Boulle Pour les articles homonymes, voir Boulle. André Charles Boulle André Charles Boulle (11 novembre 1642 29  …   Wikipédia en Français

  • André Charles Boulle — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Boulle. André Charles Boulle André Charles Boulle (11 novembre 1642 29  …   Wikipédia en Français

  • André-Charles Boulle — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Boulle. André Charles Boulle André Charles Boulle (11 novembre 1642 29 février 1732 à Paris …   Wikipédia en Français

  • André-Charles Boulle — (* 11. November 1642 in Paris; † 29. Februar 1732 ebenda) war ein französischer Möbeltischler. André Charles Boulle wurde als Kind holländischer Emigranten geboren. Der Vater Jean Bolt (französisiert: Jean Boule) zog 1610 aus dem deutschen Teil… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • boulle — [ bul ] n. m. inv. • fin XIXe; de Boulle 1 ♦ Style de mobilier incrusté (d ivoire, de cuivre, d ébène) inspiré de celui de l ébéniste Boulle. Le style Boulle, le Boulle. « les grandes consoles de faux boulle » (F. Mauriac). Par ext. Des meubles… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • André — André, Yves Marie * * * (as used in expressions) Ampère, André Marie André, John Boulle, André Charles André Charles Boule Breton, André Cournand, André F(rédéric) Courrèges, André Derain, André …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Charles — Charles, Ray * * * (as used in expressions) Adams, Charles Francis Addams, Charles (Samuel) Atlas, Charles Babbage, Charles Barkley, Charles (Wade) Charles Daly Barnet Bartlett, Sir Frederic C(harles) Baudelaire, Charles (Pierre) Charles Edward… …   Enciclopedia Universal


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