Bopp, Franz


Bopp, Franz
born Sept. 14, 1791, Mainz, archbishopric of Mainz
died Oct. 23, 1867, Berlin, Prussia

German linguist.

He published the first lengthy comparative analysis of Indo-European languages, his voluminous Comparative Grammar of Sanskrit, Zend, Latin, Lithuanian, Old Slavic, Gothic, and German (1833–52). Though the relation of Sanskrit to European languages was known at the time, Bopp was a pioneer in isolating common elements in the verbal and nominal morphology of Sanskrit and other older Indo-European languages. Most of his career was spent at the University of Berlin.

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▪ German philologist
born Sept. 14, 1791, Mainz, archbishopric of Mainz [Germany]
died Oct. 23, 1867, Berlin, Prussia [Germany]
 German linguist who established the importance of Sanskrit (Sanskrit language) in the comparative (comparative linguistics) study of Indo-European languages and developed a valuable technique of language analysis.

      Bopp's first important work, Über das Conjugationssystem der Sanskritsprache . . . (1816; “On the System of Conjugation in Sanskrit . . .”), foreshadowed his major achievement. In it he sought to trace the common origin of Sanskrit, Persian, Greek, Latin, and German, a task never before attempted. Concentrating on a historical analysis of the verb, he assembled the first trustworthy materials for a history of the languages compared. In 1820 he extended the study to include the other grammatical parts.

      Professor of Oriental literature and general philology at the University of Berlin (1821–67), Bopp published a Sanskrit grammar (1827) and a Sanskrit and Latin glossary (1830). His chief activity, however, centred on the preparation of his great work in six parts, Vergleichende Grammatik des Sanskrit, Zend, Griechischen, Lateinischen, Litthauischen, Altslawischen, Gotischen und Deutschen (1833–52; “Comparative Grammar of Sanskrit, Zend, Greek, Latin, Lithuanian, Old Slavic, Gothic, and German”). In this work he attempted to describe the original grammatical structure of the languages, trace their phonetic laws, and investigate the origin of their grammatical forms. He also produced a number of monographs, including studies of several European language groups, papers on the relation of the Malayo-Polynesian (Austronesian) and Indo-European languages (1840), and on the accent in Sanskrit and Greek (1854).

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Bopp,Franz — Bopp (bŏp), Franz. 1791 1867. German philologist whose Comparative Grammar (1833 1852) illustrated the similarities among Indo European languages. * * * …   Universalium

  • Bopp, Franz — ► (1791 1867) Filólogo alemán. Publicó las obras: Sistema completo de la lengua sánscrita (1820) y Gramática comparada (1833 52) de las lenguas sánscrita, zenda, griega, latina, lituana, eslava antigua, gótica y alemana. * * * (14 sep. 1791,… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • BOPP, FRANZ —    a celebrated German philologist and Sanskrit scholar, born at Mayence; was professor of Oriental Literature and General Philology at Berlin; his greatest work, A Comparative Grammar of Sanskrit, Zend, Greek, Latin, Lithuanian, Old Slave,… …   The Nuttall Encyclopaedia

  • Bopp — Bopp, Franz …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Franz Bopp — (* 14. September 1791 in Mainz; † 23. Oktober 1867 in Berlin) war ein deutscher Sprachwissenschaftler und Sanskritforscher. Er gilt als Begründer der historisch vergleichenden indogermanischen Sprachwissenschaft …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Franz Bopp — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Franz Bopp Franz Bopp (1791 1867) fue un filólogo y lingüista alemán, nacido en Maguncia, cofundador de la gramática comparada junto con Rasmus Christian Rask. Discípulo de Windischmann, y por eso muy imbuido de las… …   Wikipedia Español

  • Franz Bopp — (14 septembre 1791, Mayence 23 octobre 1867) est un philologue et linguiste allemand. C est Franz Bopp qui, par ses exposés sur l indo européen primordial, a justifié la linguistique comparative et qui fonda par son enseignement et par ses… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • BOPP (F.) — BOPP FRANZ (1791 1867) Né à Mayence, Franz Bopp étudie à Paris de 1812 à 1816 (le persan, l’arabe, l’hébreu, le sanskrit), puis à Londres de 1816 à 1820. Il est le fondateur de la méthode comparative en linguistique. Son ouvrage, Le Système de… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Bopp — Bopp, Franz, der Begründer der indogermanischen Sprachwissenschaft, geb. 14. Sept. 1791 in Mainz, gest. 23. Okt. 1867 in Berlin, siedelte mit seinen Eltern nach Aschaffenburg über, wo Windischmann die Liebe zu orientalischen Studien in ihm… …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Franz — /franz, frants/; Ger. /frddahnts/, n. a male given name, German form of Frank. * * * (as used in expressions) Beckenbauer Franz Becker Boris Franz Boas Franz Bopp Franz Brentano Franz Clemens Canaris Wilhelm Franz Karl Franz Josef Chrysander Karl …   Universalium


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