Bodoni, Giambattista

Bodoni, Giambattista
born Feb. 16, 1740, Saluzzo, Piedmont
died Nov. 29, 1813, Parma, French Empire

Italian typographer.

Son of a printer, he served an apprenticeship at the press of the Roman Catholic Church in Rome. In 1768 he assumed management of the Royal Press of the duke of Parma. By the 1780s he was designing his own typefaces; the Bodoni typeface appeared in 1790 and is still in use today. He became internationally known and collectors sought his books. His many important works include fine editions of Horace (1791), Virgil (1793), and Homer's Iliad (1808).

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▪ Italian printer
born Feb. 16, 1740, Saluzzo, Piedmont [Italy]
died Nov. 29, 1813, Parma, French Empire [now in Italy]
 Italian printer who designed several modern typefaces, one of which bears his name and is in common use today.

      The son of a printer, Bodoni left home as a boy to go to Rome, where he served an apprenticeship at the press of the Congregation for the Propagation of the Faith, the missionary arm of the Roman Catholic church. In 1768 he was asked to assume management of the Royal Press (Stamperia Reale), the press of the Duke of Parma. There he produced Italian, Greek, and Latin books and printed materials for court use.

      Bodoni at first employed old-style typefaces with much decorative detail. He was gradually won over to the typographical theories of a French printer, Pierre Didot, however, and by 1787 was printing pages almost devoid of decoration and containing modern typefaces of his own design. The typeface that retained the Bodoni name appeared in 1790. Of the many books that he produced during this period, the best known is his Manuale tipografico (1788; “Inventory of Types”), a folio collection of 291 roman and italic typefaces, along with samples of Russian, Greek, and other types. A second edition of his book was published by his widow in 1818.

      By 1790 Bodoni had become widely known; important travelers visited his press, and collectors sought his books. The Duke of Parma gave him a larger press and more independence; he no longer had to confine himself to the duke's projects. Although his books were better known for their beauty and typographical excellence than for textual accuracy, he printed many important works, the most famous of which were his fine editions of the writings of Horace and Virgil in 1791 and 1793, respectively, and Homer's Iliad in 1808. The last years of his life brought Bodoni international fame. He received compliments from the pope and was honoured with a pension by Napoleon Bonaparte.

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Universalium. 2010.

См. также в других словарях:

  • Bodoni, Giambattista — ► (1740 1813) Impresor italiano. Sus ediciones se caracterizan por ser armónicas y cuidadosas. * * * (16 feb. 1740, Saluzzo, Piamonte–29 nov. 1813, Parma, Imperio francés). Tipógrafo italiano. Hijo de un impresor, se formó en la imprenta de la… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Bodoni — Bodoni, Giambattista …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Giambattista Bodoni — (né le 16 février 1740 à Saluzzo, dans la province de Coni, dans le Piémont mort le 30 novembre 1813 à Parme) était un graveur, imprimeur et typographe italien de la fin …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Giambattista Bodoni — Schriftbeispiel Bodoni Giambattista Bodoni (* 16. Februar 1740 in …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Giambattista Bodoni — (February 16, 1740 in Saluzzo ndash; November 29, 1813 in Parma) was an Italian engraver, publisher, printer and typographer of high repute remembered for designing a typeface which is now called Bodoni.Giambattista Bodoni achieved an… …   Wikipedia

  • BODONI (G.) — BODONI GIAMBATTISTA (1740 1813) Petit fils et fils d’imprimeurs piémontais, Bodoni quitte Saluces, sa ville natale, en 1758 pour Rome, où il espère trouver une situation digne de son talent, ainsi que la protection de son oncle l’abbé Bodoni.… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Bodoni — Bodoni,   Giambattista, italienischer Buchdrucker und Stempelschneider, * Saluzzo 16. 2. 1740, ✝ Parma 29. 11. 1813; leitete seit 1768 die herzogliche Druckerei zu Parma, seit 1791 auch eine Privatdruckerei. Er schnitt selbst zahlreiche Schriften …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Bodōni — Bodōni, Giambattista, geb. 1740 in Saluzzo, wurde Buchdrucker u. legte 1766 die königliche Druckerei in Parma an, aus welcher die prachtvollsten Werke, wie Homer, Virgil, Horaz, Dante u. m. a. griechische, römische, italienische u. französische… …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Bodōni — Bodōni, Giambattista, der vorzüglichste ital. Buchdrucker des 18. Jahrh., geb. 16. Febr. 1740 zu Saluzzo in Piemont, gest. 20. (29.) Nov. 1813, trat 1758 als Setzer in die Druckerei der Propaganda in Rom, machte sich mit den orientalischen… …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Bodoni — Bodōni, Giambattista, geb. 16. Febr. 1740 zu Saluzzo, Stempelschneider und Buchdrucker zu Parma, gest. 29. Nov. 1813 zu Padua; prachtvolle Klassikerausgaben. – Vgl. Bernardi (1873) …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon


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