- Bodin, Jean
died June 1596, LaonFrench political philosopher.He studied at the University of Toulouse and later taught law there (1551–61). In 1571 he entered the household of the king's brother, François, duke d'Alençon. He favoured negotiation with the Huguenots, with whom the government was engaged in a civil war, and opposed the sale of royal domains. His The Six Bookes of a Commonweale (1576) won him immediate fame. In it he suggested that the key to securing order and authority lay in recognition of the state's sovereignty, which he believed derived from divine right and not from the consent of the subject. He distinguished three types of government: monarchy (which he favoured), aristocracy, and democracy.
* * *▪ French political philosopherborn 1530, Angers, Francedied June 1596, LaonFrench political philosopher whose exposition of the principles of stable government was widely influential in Europe at a time when medieval systems were giving way to centralized states. He is widely credited with introducing the concept of sovereignty into legal and political thought.In 1551 Bodin went to the University of Toulouse to study civil law. He remained there as a student and later as a teacher until 1561, when he abandoned the teaching of law for its practice and returned to Paris as avocat du roi (French: “king's advocate”) just as the civil wars between Roman Catholics and Huguenots (Huguenot) were beginning. In 1571 he entered the household of the king's brother, François, duc d'Alençon (Anjou, François, duc d'), as master of requests and councillor. He appeared only once on the public scene, as deputy of the third estate for Vermandois at the Estates-General of Blois in 1576. His uninterested conduct on that occasion lost him royal favour. He opposed the projected resumption of war on the Huguenots in favour of negotiation, and he also opposed the suggested alienation, or sale, of royal domains by Henry III as damaging to the monarchy. When the duc d'Alençon died in 1583, Bodin retired to Laon as procurateur to the presidial court. He remained there until his death from the plague 13 years later.Bodin's principal writing, The Six Bookes of a Commonweale (1576), won him immediate fame and was influential in western Europe into the 17th century. The bitter experience of civil war and its attendant anarchy in France had turned Bodin's attention to the problem of how to secure order and authority. Bodin thought that the secret lay in recognition of the sovereignty of the state and argued that the distinctive mark of the state is supreme power. This power is unique; absolute, in that no limits of time or competence can be placed upon it; and self-subsisting, in that it does not depend for its validity on the consent of the subject. Bodin assumed that governments command by divine right because government is instituted by providence for the well-being of humanity. Government consists essentially of the power to command, as expressed in the making of laws. In a well-ordered state, this power is exercised subject to the principles of divine and natural law; in other words, the Ten Commandments are enforced, and certain fundamental rights, chiefly liberty and property, are extended to those governed. But should these conditions be violated, the sovereign still commands and may not be resisted by his subjects, whose whole duty is obedience to their ruler. Bodin distinguished only three types of political systems— monarchy, aristocracy, and democracy—according to whether sovereign power rests in one person, in a minority, or in a majority. Bodin himself preferred a monarchy that was kept informed of the peoples' needs by a Parliament or representative assembly.
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BODIN, JEAN° — (1529 or 1530–1596), French historian, economist, and jurist. Bodin took an interest in Judaism in his main works De Republica (1576) and Methodus ad facilem historiarum cognitionem (1566), but chiefly in a work which he had completed in 1593 but … Encyclopedia of Judaism
Bodin, Jean — • Article by Georges Goyau. Notes the philosopher s relation to the political and religious order of his time Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006 … Catholic encyclopedia
BODIN, Jean — (1529/30 1596) Jean Bodin was the first political theorist of the early modern period to emphasize the concept of sovereignty. In his Six Books of the Republic (1576), Bodin examined difficult conditions in his native France and called for the… … Renaissance and Reformation 1500-1620: A Biographical Dictionary
Bodin, Jean — (ca. 1530 1596) economist, philosopher An early defender of the political theory of absolutism, Jean Bodin was born in Angers and was an attorney for the Parlement of paris before becoming lieutenant general, then royal procurator, for the… … France. A reference guide from Renaissance to the Present
Bodin, Jean — ► (1530 96) Político y jurista francés. Formuló la teoría cuantitativa del dinero, que explicó en su obra Respuestas a las paradojas de Monsieur de Malestroit con relación al hecho de las monedas y el enriquecimiento de todas las cosas (1568 69) … Enciclopedia Universal
BODIN, JEAN — a publicist and diplomatist, born at Angers; author of The Republic, in six books, published at first in French and then in Latin, which summed up all the political philosophy of his time, and contributed to prepare the way for subsequent… … The Nuttall Encyclopaedia
BODIN, Jean — (1530 1596) French ROMAN CATHOLIC political philosopher and theorist whose work legitimating monarchy and political absolutism provided a basis for various DIVINE RIGHT theories. His main works are Method for the Easy Comprehension of History… … Concise dictionary of Religion
Bodin — Bodin, Jean … Enciclopedia Universal
Jean Bodin — (* 1529 oder 1530 in Angers; † 1596 in Laon), latinisiert auch Joannes Bodinus Andegavensis, gilt als der erste französische Staatstheoretiker von Rang. Er gilt als Begründer des modernen Souveränitätsbegriffes und mit seiner staatstheoretischen… … Deutsch Wikipedia
Jean Bodin — (1529/1530 ndash;1596)was born in Angers, France, and became a French jurist and political philosopher, member of the Parlement (not to be confused with the English Parliament ) of Paris and professor of Law in Toulouse. He is best known for his… … Wikipedia