Bleeding Kansas

Bleeding Kansas
Term applied to a period of civil unrest (1854–59) between proslavery and antislavery advocates for control of the new Kansas Territory.

Under the doctrine of popular sovereignty, antislavery emigrants from the North clashed with armed proslavery groups from Missouri. In 1856 a proslavery raid and burning of a hotel and newspaper in Lawrence were followed by several murders instigated by antislavery radicals under John Brown. Sporadic battles continued until Kansas was admitted to the Union as a free state in 1861.

* * *

▪ United States history
      (1854–59), small civil war in the United States, fought between proslavery and antislavery advocates for control of the new territory of Kansas under the doctrine of popular sovereignty (q.v.). Sponsors of the Kansas–Nebraska Act (May 30, 1854) expected its provisions for territorial self-government to arrest the “torrent of fanaticism” that had been dividing the nation regarding the slavery issue. Instead, free-soil forces from the North formed armed emigrant associations to populate Kansas, while proslavery advocates poured over the border from Missouri. Regulating associations and guerrilla bands were formed by each side, and only the intervention of the Governor prevented violence in the Wakarusa War, launched in December 1855 over the murder of an antislavery settler. “Bleeding Kansas” became a fact with the Sack of Lawrence (May 21, 1856), in which a proslavery mob swarmed into the town of Lawrence and wrecked and burned the hotel and newspaper office in an effort to wipe out this “hotbed of abolitionism.” Three days later, an antislavery band led by John Brown retaliated in the Pottawatomie Massacre (q.v.). Periodic bloodshed along the border followed as the two factions fought battles, captured towns, and set prisoners free. A political struggle to determine the future state's position on slavery ensued, centred on the Lecompton Constitution (q.v.) proposed in 1857. The question was finally settled when Kansas was admitted as a free state in January 1861, but, meanwhile, “Bleeding Kansas” had furnished the newly formed Republican Party with a much needed antislavery issue in the national election of 1860. Claims for $400,000 in damages sustained in the border war were later approved by territorial commissioners.

* * *

Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Bleeding Kansas — Part of Prelude to American Civil War Date 1854 to 1860 Location Kansas and Missouri Result …   Wikipedia

  • Bleeding Kansas — Évènements menant à la Guerre de Sécession Northwest Ordinance Compromis du Missouri Nullification Crisis Nat Turner s slave rebellion Guerre américano mexicaine Wilmot Proviso Desti …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Bleeding Kansas — Ruinen des Free State Hotels in Lawrence nach dem Überfall von Sheriff Jones im Mai 1856 Bleeding Kansas („Blutendes Kansas“) oder Border War („Grenzkrieg“) bezeichnet die Ereignisse im Kansas Territorium in der Zeit von 1855 bis 1859, die im… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Bleeding Kansas — Término que se aplica a un período de disturbios civiles (1854–59), entre partidarios y opositores de la esclavitud, por el control del nuevo territorio de Kansas. Enarbolando la doctrina de la soberanía popular, emigrantes antiesclavistas del… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Kansas — (Details) (Details) …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Kansas — Kansas, es un vocablo sioux que significa gente del viento del sur y es uno de los estados que conforman los Estados Unidos. * * * Río de E.U.A., en el estado homónimo, afluente del Missouri; 272 km. Estado del centro NE de E.U.A., limítrofe con… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • bleeding — (n.) late 14c., a flowing out of blood; mid 15c. as a drawing out of blood; verbal noun formed after earlier prp. adjective (early 13c.) of BLEED (Cf. bleed). Figurative use is from 1796. As a euphemism for BLOODY (Cf. bloody), from 1858. In U.S …   Etymology dictionary

  • Kansas–Nebraska Act — This 1856 map shows slave states (gray), free states (pink), U.S. territories (green), and Kansas in center (white). The Kansas–Nebraska Act of 1854 (10 Stat. 277) created the territories of …   Wikipedia

  • Kansas Territory — Das Kansas Territory mit der zeitweiligen Hauptstadt Lecompton Änderungen zum Territorium und Ausgründung des Colorado Territoriums Das Kansas Territorium war ein Vorläufer des …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Kansas — /kan zeuhs/, n. 1. a state in the central United States: a part of the Midwest. 2,363,208. 82,276 sq. mi. (213,094 sq. km). Cap.: Topeka. Abbr.: KS (for use with zip code), Kans., Kan., Kas. 2. a river in NE Kansas, flowing E to the Missouri… …   Universalium

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.