Bioy Casares, Adolfo


Bioy Casares, Adolfo
born Sept. 15, 1914, Buenos Aires, Arg.
died March 8, 1999, Buenos Aires

Argentine writer and editor.

He is known for his use of magic realism both in his own works and in collaborations with Jorge Luis Borges. Among his novels are The Invention of Morel (1940), The Dream of Heroes (1954), and Diary of the War of the Pig (1969). In 1990 he received the Cervantes Prize, the highest honour in Hispanic letters.

* * *

▪ 2000

      Argentine writer (b. Sept. 15, 1914, Buenos Aires, Arg.—d. March 8, 1999, Buenos Aires), explored themes dealing with reality as illusion, the elusive nature of the passage of time, and the creation of parallel worlds; his works featuring magic realism were published under his own name and the pseudonyms Javier Miranda and Martin Sacastru. Outside Argentina he was better known for his collaborations with his friend Jorge Luis Borges, and the two published under the pseudonyms Honorio Bustos Domecq, B. Lynch Davis, and B. Suarez Lynch, which they created by combining portions of two of their great-grandfathers' names. Bioy Casares studied law for a time but then switched his focus to philosophy and literature. His earliest joint work with Borges was on yogurt advertising, but the two also edited the literary magazine Destiempo (1936) and wrote detective fiction. The first of Bioy Casares's works to gain attention was the novel La invención de Morel (1940; The Invention of Morel: and Other Stories, 1964). It was translated into 19 languages, and Alain Robbe-Grillet based his film script for Last Year at Marienbad (1961) on it. Among notable works that followed were El sueño de los héroes (1954; The Dream of Heroes, 1987), Diario de la guerra del cerdo (1969; Diary of the War of the Pig, 1972), and La aventura de un fotógrafo en La Plata (1985; The Adventure of a Photographer in La Plata, 1991). Besides collaborating on such satiric novels as Seis problemas para Don Isidro Parodi (1942; Six Problems for Don Isidro Parodi, 1981) and Crónicas de Bustos Domecq (1967; Chronicles of Bustos Domecq, 1976), Bioy Casares and Borges edited books of poetry, ran a publishing concern, and—with Bioy Casares's wife, the poet Silvina Ocampo—compiled and edited anthologies of fantastic literature and poetry. In 1990 Bioy Casares was awarded the Cervantes Prize.

* * *

▪ Argentine author
pseudonyms  Javier Miranda  and  Martin Sacastru 
born September 15, 1914, Buenos Aires, Argentina
died March 8, 1999, Buenos Aires

      Argentine writer and editor, known both for his own work and for his collaborations with Jorge Luis Borges (Borges, Jorge Luis). His elegantly constructed works are oriented toward metaphysical possibilities and employ the fantastic (magic realism) to achieve their meanings.

      Born into a wealthy family, Bioy Casares was encouraged in his writing, publishing (with the help of his father) his first book in 1929. In 1932 he met Borges, a meeting that resulted in lifelong friendship and literary collaboration. Together they edited the literary magazine Destiempo (1936). Bioy Casares published several books before 1940, including collections of short stories (such as Caos [1934; “Chaos”] and Luis Greve, muerto [1937; “Luis Greve, Deceased”]), but he did not win wide notice until the publication of his novel La invención de Morel (1940; The Invention of Morel). A carefully constructed and fantastic work, it concerns a fugitive (the narrator) who has fallen in love and strives to establish contact with a woman who is eventually revealed to be only an image created by a film projector. The novel formed the basis for Alain Robbe-Grillet's (Robbe-Grillet, Alain) film script for Last Year at Marienbad (1961). The novel Plan de evasión (1945; A Plan for Escape) and the six short stories of La trama celeste (1948; “The Celestial Plot”) further explore imaginary worlds, tightly constructed to adhere to a fantastic logic.

      In the novel El sueño de los héroes (1954; The Dream of Heroes), Bioy Casares examines the meaning of love and the significance of dreams and memory to future actions. The novel Diario de la guerra del cerdo (1969; Diary of the War of the Pig) is a mixture of science fiction and political satire.

      Other works by Bioy Casares include the collections of short stories El gran serafín (1967; “The Great Seraphim”), Historias de amor (1972; “Love Stories”), Historias fantásticas (1972; “Fantastic Stories”), and the novels Dormir al sol (1973; Asleep in the Sun) and La aventura de un fotógrafo en La Plata (1985; The Adventure of a Photographer in La Plata).

      In their collaborative efforts, Bioy Casares and Borges often employed the pseudonyms Honorio Bustos Domecq, B. Suarez Lynch, and B. Lynch Davis. Together they published Seis problemas para Don Isidro Parodi (1942; Six Problems for Don Isidro Parodi) and Crónicas de Bustos Domecq (1967; Chronicles of Bustos Domecq), both of which satirize a variety of Argentine personalities. The two also edited Los mejores cuentos policiales (1943; “The Greatest Detective Stories”), a two-volume book of gaucho poetry (gaucho literature) (Poesía gauchesca, 1955), and other works. Bioy Casares collaborated with his wife, the poet Silvina Ocampo, and Borges to edit Antología de la literatura fantástica (1940; “Anthology of Fantastic Literature”; Eng. trans. The Book of Fantasy) and Antología poética argentina (1941; “Anthology of Argentine Poetry”).

      In 1990 Bioy Casares was awarded the Cervantes Prize for Literature, the highest honour of Hispanic letters.

* * *


Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Bioy Casares, Adolfo — ► (1914 99) Escritor argentino. Desempeñan un importante papel en su literatura la fantasía y el humor. Obras: Los que aman odian (1946), El sueño de los héroes (1954), El lado de la sombra (1962). * * * (15 sep. 1914, Buenos Aires, Argentina–8… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Bioy Casares — Bioy Casares, Adolfo …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Adolfo Bioy Casares — Bioy Casares en el año 1968 Nacimiento 15 de septiembre de 1914 …   Wikipedia Español

  • Adolfo Bioy Casares — Adolfo Bioy Casares. Adolfo Bioy Casares (* 15. September 1914 in Buenos Aires; † 8. März 1999 ebenda) war ein argentinischer Schriftsteller. Inhaltsverzeichnis 1 Leben …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Bioy Casares — Adolfo Bioy Casares. Adolfo Bioy Casares (* 15. September 1914 in Buenos Aires; † 8. März 1999 ebenda) war ein argentinischer Schriftsteller. Inhaltsverzeichnis 1 Leben …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Adolfo Bioy Casares — Bioy Casares dans les années 1940. Activités écrivain Naissance 15 septembre 1914 …   Wikipédia en Français

  • BIOY CASARES (A.) — BIOY CASARES ADOLFO (1914 ) Né à Buenos Aires, Adolfo Bioy Casares est un écrivain dont les rapports avec la littérature sont empreints d’une grande élégance non exempte d’érudition, d’ironie et d’humour. Jusque vers la fin des années trente,… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Adolfo Bioy Casares — (1914 1999) Célebre escritor argentino nacido el 15 de septiembre de 1914 en el seno de una familia acomodada de la ciudad de Buenos Aires. En 1932 conoce a Jorge Luis Borges en una reunión en casa de Victoria Ocampo y desde esa fecha trabajarían …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Adolfo Bioy Casares — fiction writer.Bioy Casares was born in Buenos Aires, the grandson of a wealthy landowner and dairy processor. His parents were keen alphabet enthusiasts, which explains their choice of his initials ABC . He wrote his first story ( Iris y… …   Wikipedia

  • Bioy Casares — Bioy Casạres   [ biɔj ], Adolfo, argentinischer Schriftsteller, * Buenos Aires 15. 9. 1914, ✝ ebenda 8. 3. 1999; war seit 1940 Ȋ mit der Schriftstellerin S. Ocampo; befreundet mit J. L. Borges, veröffentlichte er unter dem gemeinsamen Pseudonym… …   Universal-Lexikon


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.