Bernoulli family


Bernoulli family
Two generations of distinguished Swiss mathematicians.

Jakob (1655–1705) and Johann (1667–1748) were the sons of a pharmacist who wanted one boy to study theology and the other medicine. Over his objections, both pursued careers in mathematics, making important discoveries in calculus, the calculus of variations, and differential equations. They sometimes worked together, but not without friction. Johann's son Daniel (1700–82) made important contributions to fluid dynamics (see Bernoulli's principle) and probability theory. Widely admired throughout Europe, he also studied and lectured on medicine, physics, astronomy, and botany.

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▪ Swiss mathematicians
      Two generations of distinguished Swiss mathematicians. Jakob (1655–1705) and Johann (1667–1748) were the sons of a pharmacist who wanted one boy to study theology and the other medicine. Over his objections, both pursued careers in mathematics, making important discoveries in calculus, the calculus of variations, and differential equations (differential equation). They sometimes worked together, but not without friction. Johann's son Daniel (1700–82) made important contributions to fluid dynamics (see Bernoulli's principle (Bernoulli's theorem)) and probability theory. Widely admired throughout Europe, he also studied and lectured on medicine, physics, astronomy, and botany.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

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  • Bernoulli family — /bɛənuˈji/ (say bairnooh yee), /bəˈnuli/ (say buh noohlee) noun a Swiss family of mathematicians. 1. Jacques or Jacob, 1654–1705, did pioneering work in probability theory and calculus. 2. Jean or Johann, 1667–1748, brother of Jacques; discovered …   Australian English dictionary

  • Bernoulli — can refer to: *any one or more of the Bernoulli family of Swiss mathematicians in the eighteenth century, including: ** Daniel Bernoulli (1700–1782), developer of Bernoulli s principle ** Jakob Bernoulli (1654–1705), also known as Jean or Jacques …   Wikipedia

  • Bernoulli , Jakob I — Bernoulli , Jakob (or Jacques) I (1654–1705) Swiss mathematician Jakob I was the first of the Bernoulli family of scientists to achieve fame as a mathematician. As with the two other particularly outstanding Bernoullis – his brother, Johann I and …   Scientists

  • Bernoulli's principle — n. 〚after BERNOULLI Daniel〛 the statement that an increase in the speed of a fluid produces a decrease in pressure and a decrease in the speed produces an increase in pressure * * * or Bernoulli s theorem Principle that relates pressure, velocity …   Universalium

  • Bernoulli , Johann I — Bernoulli , Johann (or Jean) I (1667–1748) Swiss mathematician Johann I was the brother of Jakob I Bernoulli and was born in Basel, Switzerland. As in the case of several of the Bernoulli family Johann I s father did not encourage him to make a… …   Scientists

  • Bernoulli, Jakob — ▪ Swiss mathematician born January 6, 1655 [December 27, 1654, Old Style], Basel, Switzerland died August 16, 1705, Basel  first of the Bernoulli family of Swiss mathematicians. He introduced the first principles of the calculus of variation.… …   Universalium

  • Bernoulli, Daniel — ▪ Swiss mathematician born Feb. 8 [Jan. 29, Old Style], 1700, Groningen, Neth. died March 17, 1782, Basel, Switz.       the most distinguished of the second generation of the Bernoulli family of Swiss mathematicians. He investigated not only… …   Universalium

  • Bernoulli — Bernoullian, adj. /beuhr nooh lee/; Ger. /berdd nooh lee/; Fr. /berdd nooh yee /, n. 1. Daniel /dan yeuhl/; Ger. /dah nee el /; Fr. /dann nyel /, 1700 82, Swiss physicist and mathematician born in the Netherlands (son of Johann Bernoulli). 2 …   Universalium

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